Columbus NEVER landed on American Soil, NOT in 1492, NOT Ever

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe


Columbus quite literally landed in what is now known as the Bahamas and later Hispaniola, present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic. So why do American’s celebrate this abominable man? Let’s just ignore the fact millions of humans already inhabited this land until later and look at the historical facts.

In the first place, Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas having been preceded by the Norse expedition led by Leif Ericson; however, Columbus’ voyages led to the first lasting of European contact with America, inaugurating a period of European exploration and colonization of foreign lands until present-day. Therefore Columbus has had an enormous impact on the historical development of the modern Western world.

Forget those myths perpetuated about Columbus attempting to prove the earth is round because he got the math wrong and actually thought the earth was pear-shaped. He saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of the spreading of the Christian religion and finding gold to repay his debt to the crown.

The Nina and Pinta were not the names of two of Columbus’ three ships. In 15th-century Spain, ships were traditionally named after saints. Salty sailors, however, bestowed less-than-sacred nicknames upon their vessels. Mariners dubbed one of the three ships the Pinta, Spanish for “the painted one” or “prostitute.” The Santa Clara was nicknamed the Nina in honor of its owner, Juan Nino. Although Santa Maria is called by its official name, its nickname was La Gallega, after the province of Galicia in which it was built.

In 1493 when Columbus arrived in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and the Caribbean islands, there were eight million Indigenous Taino residents. That number, within a mere three years, was reduced to just three million.

Upon arrival, Columbus and his expedition met the Arawaks, Tainos and Lucayans, all friendly *Indians*, according to Columbus’ writings. When Columbus first saw the Native Arawaks who came to greet him and his crew he spoke with a peaceful and admiring tone. Impressed with the friendliness of the native people, Columbus seized control of the land in the name of Spain.

Columbus also helped himself to some locals. In his journal he wrote:

“As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first Island which I found, I took some of the natives by force in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in these parts. They … brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things… They willingly traded everything they owned… They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features…. They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane. They would make fine servants…. With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.”

After several months in the Caribbean, on January 13, 1493, two Natives were murdered during trading. Columbus, who had described the Natives as gentle people wrote “(they are) evil and I believe they are from the island of Caribe, and that they eat men.” He also described them as “savage cannibals, with dog-like noses that drink the blood of their victims.”

Columbus introduced syphilis to Europe when he sold Native sex slaves to his men. Columbus wrote to a friend in 1500, “girls from 9-10 … are … in demand.” After Columbus’s first trip to the Caribbean, he returned to Spain and left behind 39 men who went ahead and helped themselves to Native women. Upon his return, the men were all dead.

With 1,200 more soldiers at his disposal, rape and pillaging became rampant as well as tolerated by Columbus. This is supported by a reported close friend of Columbus, Michele de Cuneo who wrote the first disturbing account of a relationship between himself and a Native female gifted to him by Columbus. Cuneo, wrote

“When our caravels … were to leave for Spain, we gathered … 1,600 male and female Indians and these embarked (with us) … on February 17, 1495 he wrote “While I was in the boat I captured a very beautiful Carib woman, whom the said Lord Admiral gave to me, and with whom, having taken her into my cabin, she being naked according to their custom, I conceived desire to take pleasure. I wanted to put my desire into execution but she did not want it and treated me with her fingernails in such a manner that I wished I had never begun. But seeing that (to tell you the end of it all), I took a rope and thrashed her well, for which she raised such unheard-of screams that you would not have believed your ears. Finally, we came to an agreement in such manner that I can tell you that she seemed to have been brought up in a school of harlots.”

Repeated accounts of cruelty and murder included testing the sharpness of blades on Native people by cutting them in half, beheading them in contests and throwing them into vats of boiling soap. Many of these red men, women, and children were

“roasted on spits,”

and the invaders

“hacked the children into pieces.”

Spanish historian and Catholic priest Bartolome de las Casas witnessed much of the carnage and said Columbus ordered his men

“ to cut off the legs of children who ran from them in order to test the sharpness of their blades.” and “Such inhumanities and barbarisms were committed in my sight as no age can parallel. My eyes have seen these acts so foreign to human nature that now I tremble as I write.”

Columbus’s men would make bets as to who would slit a man in two, or cut off his head in one blow. There are also accounts of suckling infants being lifted from their mother’s breasts, only to be dashed headfirst into large rocks. There was also a practice known as the “Montería Infernal”, the infernal chase, or manhunt, in which Natives were hunted by war-dogs. These dogs wore armor and had been fed human flesh, were a fierce match for the Indians. If his crew began running out of meat for their vicious dogs,

“Arawak babies were killed for dog food.”

Live babies were also fed to these war dogs as sport, sometimes in front of horrified parents.

Spaniards removed men from villages to work in gold mines and colonial plantations. This kept the Taíno from planting the crops which had fed them for centuries. They began to starve; many thousands fell prey to smallpox, measles and other European diseases for which they had no immunity; some committed suicide to avoid subjugation; hundreds fell in fighting with the Spaniards, while untold numbers fled to remote regions beyond colonial control. And on his return to Europe Columbus brought back the first Indigenous people as slaves all but wiping out the people to the Caribbean, leaving very few Indigenous Natives after 50 years; as many as three million people, approximately 85 percent of the Taíno population had vanished by the early 1500s

By Columbus’ second voyage to the New World in 1495, he brought cannons and attack dogs. If a native resisted slavery, he would cut off a nose or an ear. If slaves tried to escape, Columbus had them burned alive. Other times, he sent attack dogs to hunt them down, and the dogs would tear off the arms and legs of the screaming natives while they were still alive. He was so desperate for gold to repay the Spanish bankers which financed him Columbus refused to believe there was almost no gold on the island so he forced Natives to work in gold mines until exhaustion. Those who opposed were beheaded or had their ears cut off and he forced the island’s Taino inhabitants to bring him a ‘hawk’s bell’ full of gold dust every three months. Those who complied were given a ‘token’ to wear around their necks. Those who didn’t, as Columbus’s son Fernando reported, were

“punished by having their hands cut off” and were “left to bleed to death.”

In two years’ time, approximately 250,000 Indians on Haiti were dead.

In August 1504 Colonists complained to Governor Francisco De Bobadilla of the monarchy about mismanagement and a royal commissioner was dispatched to Hispaniola to arrest Columbus and his two brothers, slapped them into chains, and shipped them off to Spain to answer for their crimes against the Arawaks. But the King and Queen of Spain, their treasury filling up with gold, pardoned Columbus and let him go free, but by then only about 100,000 Taino’s remained alive.

Columbus derived most of his income from slavery, De Las Casas noted. In fact, Columbus was the first slave trader in the Americas. As the native slaves died off, they were replaced with black slaves. Columbus’ son became the first African slave trader in 1505.

Tens of thousands of Indigenous people were killed because they would not convert to a religion completely foreign to them, one of which they understood neither the content nor the language being spoken to them. Columbus was a tyrant, a murderer and nothing short of a pimp and pedophile, he didn’t discover, he invaded, destroyed and annihilated. Columbus didn’t just marginalize Indigenous people he mutilated and nearly decimated them because in his eyes 1st Nation Indigenous peoples of the Americas stood in the way of European ‘progress’ hampering western expansion. What followed was rape, murder, destruction and all forms of genocide, land, resource destruction and theft.

The portrayal of the man with 3 ships who came to befriend the Natives is an utter fallacy. The Whitewashed White romantic myth is a complete falsehood because one cannot ‘discover’ what was never lost in the first place! Unlike Christopher Columbus, 1st Nation Native people always knew where they were, right here on Turtle Island.

It has been estimated there were upwards of 100 million Indigenous people living in the area we call America’s. At the time of the Europeans found hundreds of different culturally, richly textures settled people’s scatters all across the land, most with very complex and sophisticated matriarchal social/political organizations and belief systems. Voyagers showed up, their names are the ones extolled in your White history books, not the names of First Nations people who got the Europeans where they wanted to go!

Winona LaDuke ~ Columbus was a perpetrator of genocide. He was a slave trader, a thief, a pirate and most certainly NOT a hero. To celebrate Columbus is to congratulate the process and the history of invasion.

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Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Who Will Protect Her?

Concerns have resurfaced about the safety of a young woman who filmed the moments after a white ex-Dallas cop shot Black PwC associate Botham Jean following the death of another witness in the case. Joshua Brown, a Black 28-year-old man, was shot to death Friday at his Dallas apartment complex 10 days after he testified Sept. 25 that he saw Amber Guyger on the phone in the hallway moments after she shot Jean. Continue reading

I was sickened by Botham Jean’s murder, the police cover-up, the protection of Amber Guyger, then to top it off, Judge Tammy Kemp’s totally inappropriate actions, despite Dallas County sheriff’s policy prohibiting contact with defendants. Now Ronnie Babbs is living the same kind of hell, panic, and horror Joshua Brown did, and his fears came to fruition.

My 1st thought was the Witness Protection Program, but after extensive research, I’m not sure if this would be the right choice for her; cut off from family and friends, the life she knew and knows. Do I have an answer? No. You can’t trust the police, the police murdered Botham and they probably murdered Joshua. Look what happened to the Michael Brown witnesses. Two young men were found dead inside torched cars. Three others died of alleged suicides.

Who will protect Ms. Babbs. #NBPP?

Ms. Babbs is a terrified young woman, and the exploration of the Witness Protection Program… ‘To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism, to steal from many is research’ the following information is based on several articles and not solely limited to the 3 links below.

When a witness decides to enter the Witness Protection Program (WITSEC), U.S. Marshals immediately arrive at the home to whisk witness away. Parents, spouses, children, siblings, and even mistresses are all taken to an orientation center. Some witnesses are prepared and wait for the Marshals with small bags; other surprised families leave pasta sauce still simmering on the stove. Administrators keep witnesses from taking anything which reveals their identity: family albums, diaries, even pictures and notes drawn by their kids.

WITSEC relocates witnesses to a place where they’d be comfortable, find employment and take care of their health and safety needs. Administrators work to make a new person exist. Families get legally sealed name changes and receive new social security cards, birth certificates, and drivers’ licenses. The program also works with doctors and school administrators to transfer medical records and report cards. Once a witness is relocated under their assumed name, their primary point of contact is a special U.S. Marshal known as a Witness Inspector who helps them ease into the new location, assisting them in establishing a credible-yet-concocted “history” for them through front companies and other bogus entities used to appear legitimate.

Relocated families receive a few thousand dollars a month stipend for a family, phased out after witnesses have time to look for a job. They also get temporary funding for housing and other basic expenses, which is only enough for a basic apartment and a used car. Since the government refuses to provide a fake credit history, witnesses struggle to secure products and services when companies demand financial information.

Witnesses’ memories are off-limits in their new life. They’re coached on how best to change the topic when people ask about their past. Unable to share anything honestly, witnesses struggle to make friends. A number of witnesses describe talking with family, who know their full identity, and the rest of the world, which does not, as switching between two different worlds. Some talk about themselves under their prior name in the third person.

Also, it’s not ordinary these days for adults or children not to use social networks, however, the risk is amplified by the increasing number of digital traces our lives create. In addition, companies and organizations now have much higher expectations for finding a paper trail / digital record for any individual, making it harder to create a credible new identity.

Life for relocated witnesses has proven remarkably safe, however, they experience the burden of constant lying and missing family events. Yes, the Marshals Service occasionally facilitates communication between relocated families and a few of the friends and family left behind, but for the most part, they’re completely cut off from family, and only in exceptional circumstances do people ever see them. Nor can witnesses ever return home. Many witnesses live in fear of being discovered and worry about a child letting their identity slip. Yet the hardest part of witness relocation is the way it seems to permanently alienate witnesses from both the rest of the world and themselves.

Citations:
https://tinyurl.com/yxcdmnp6
https://tinyurl.com/y4pk37td
https://tinyurl.com/y28kpeez

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Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Breathe it in, surrender and celebrate

Dr. Julie TwoMoon ~ The Divine calls us to believe in timelines of infinite capacity… see past right now, know with unshakable brilliance that right now is one moment, not the whole picture, and that picture… man is it magnificent.

Stop getting caught in the BUT and start being excited for the YES.

This, right now, this is what it is, you are in the midst of a soul appointment, the funny thing about soul appointments is, you don’t realize it when you are in one. But this, this moment, this challenge, this step, it’s important, don’t skip it, don’t wish it away, don’t pine for it to leave, because this step is magical.

We are called into our brilliance, stop thinking that brilliance is easy and start KNOWING you are up to the task, you were made for this.

Create, play, speak, laugh, sing, dance and BE NOW, this moment is everything and nothing, which is why it is time to breathe it in, surrender and celebrate and get ready for some BIG MAGIC!

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Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

De’Von Bailey and the Supreme Court’s decision in Tennessee v. Garner 471 U.S.

Supreme Court’s decision in Tennessee v. Garner 471 U.S.1 involved a pair of police officers who shot a 15-year-old boy as he fled from a burglary. (He’d stolen $10 and a purse from a house.) The court ruled law enforcement couldn’t shoot every felon who tried to escape. What’s “objectively reasonable” changes as the circumstances change. The moment they no longer present a threat, you need to stop shooting” Supreme Court Justice Klinger said. Officers can’t justify their conduct based on whether their intentions were good. They have to demonstrate their actions were “objectively reasonable,” given the circumstances.

The Supreme Court Justices held deadly force “may not be used unless necessary to prevent the escape and the officer has probable cause to believe that the suspect poses a significant threat of death or serious bodily harm to the officer or others. A police officer may not seize an unarmed, nondangerous suspect by shooting him dead… however…Where the officer has probable cause to believe that the suspect poses a threat of serious physical harm, either to the officer or to others, it is not constitutionally unreasonable to prevent escape by using deadly force.

Video evidence released today demonstrates De’Von Bailey was not presenting any threat to the officers who shot and killed him while he attempted to flee. In addition, there is not a shred of evidence De’Von presented an imminent threat or risk that he was imminently about to use a gun to harm anyone else. Instead, it is clear De’Von was merely trying to get away from the situation. Even if the officers had legitimate concern a suspect might escape, the law strictly specifies it is only when the officers have evidence a person is in imminent risk of death or serious bodily harm may an officer use deadly force, a gun, to stop a person from fleeing.”

Lawrence Stoker, Bailey’s cousin said he was the other suspect in the robbery call and was at the scene when Bailey was shot. “He got shot at least three, four times. We did not rob anyone and Bailey did not reach for a gun. Instead, Bailey tried to run away. He didn’t get more than two feet away … and (police) started shooting. He didn’t turn around and grab his pocket or anything.” According to autopsy results, Bailey was shot four times: three times in the back and once in his arm.

Lawrence Stoker, was questioned after the shooting. Stocker didn’t know his cousin had a gun until it fell out of the pocket of his basketball shorts as he lay motionless in the street AFTER being shot. Three witnesses back up the cousin’s account as does the video from a home security system showing and police bodycam video EXACTLY what happened.

Lawrence Stoker, Bailey’s cousin was questioned after the shooting. Stocker didn’t know his cousin had a gun until it fell out of the pocket of his basketball shorts as he lay motionless in the street AFTER being shot. Three witnesses back up the cousin’s account as does the video from a home security system showing EXACTLY what happened.
https://tinyurl.com/y6a8dlr4

Also while questioning Stoker the police continually attempted to spin the narrative.
COUSIN DISPUTES POLICE ACCOUNT, CLAIMS 19-YEAR-OLD WAS ARMED BUT DIDN’T REACH FOR WEAPON
https://tinyurl.com/yyorjd5x

Know Your 4th Amendment Rights
https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/know-your-4th-amendment-rights/

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

Follow @OurVoicesEcho

Real ID ~ Each State Has Its’ Own Deadline

Eventually all domestic flyers will need a REAL ID-compliant license or other form of identification to fly. The REAL ID Act establishes minimum security standards for license issuance and production and prohibits Federal agencies from accepting for certain purposes driver’s licenses and identification cards from states not meeting the Act’s minimum standards. The purposes covered by the Act are: accessing Federal facilities, entering nuclear power plants, and, boarding federally regulated commercial aircraft.

CLICK on State or Territory for Deadline, Details and Updates

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas

Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

TERRITORIES
American Samoa
Guam
N. Marianas
Puerto Ric
US Virgin Islands

REAL ID is hacker-bait and puts personal and national security at risk, complicates travel, admittance to federal facilities and you’ll need a to purchase a license or ID even if yours is still valid and doesn’t require renewal for a couple of years. AND not complying can get your driver’s license or state ID revoked.

The REAL ID Act requires state motor vehicle divisions to open their database to all other states. It’s a hub and spoke system, a decentralized “distributed database” with a central hub, 50 state spokes and a pointer system. States must send a list of data to the hub, which acts as a central index of all drivers and ID holders. The system is called “State to State Exchange”

The FBI is spending over $1 billion to create the world’s largest biometric database and the driver’s license itself is a red herring. The goal of TSA (Transportation Security Administration) and DHS (Homeland Security) is to eliminate the need for ID documentation and focus on the use of biometrics. REAL ID is an unconstitutional power grab eliminating state’s rights and giving the federal government control over all citizens identification, movement, and access to goods and services. Real ID is a national ID, yet both Interpol and Nlets (International Justice and Public Safety Network are using the standards of the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) for collection and the sharing of biometrics. The ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) has also adopted the ISO standard(s). When it comes to identification, it does not matter whether an individual is in Paris, Texas or Paris, France, Los Ángeles, Chile or Los Angeles California the individual can be identified by the use of facial recognition software and the use of international telecommunication systems/networks. Nlets acknowledges it does share biometric information/data/samples with countries all over the world and one of the primary sources of information provided is state DMV databases.

At this point in time, our privacy has actually been somewhat protected by the fact all collected information still remains scattered across many different databases. But once the government, landlords, employers, or other powerful forces gain the ability to draw together all this information, our privacy will be destroyed. This is exactly what a national identity system would facilitate. A national ID facilitates tracking. When a police officer or security guard scans your ID card with a pocket bar-code reader, it will likely create a permanent record including, but not limited to your name, license number, the date and time as well as your location.

How long before office buildings, doctors’ offices, gas stations, highway tolls, subways, and buses incorporate the ID card into their security or payment systems for greater efficiency? The end result could be a situation where citizens’ movements inside their own country are monitored and recorded through these “internal passports.”

DMV offices will continue to appear as state offices, but under Real ID Act DMV offices become agents acting on behalf of the federal government charged with administering are forcing clerks to become federal immigration officials; verifying citizenship status and adjudicating who can and cannot be given a license despite the complexity of numerous categories and complex technicalities comprising immigration laws. A REAL ID amounts to an internal passport moving State DMVs away from licensing drivers to targeting immigrants who can’t prove they’re in enumerated lawful immigration status through verified documentary evidence, inevitably causing discrimination against those who may “look” or “sound” “foreign”.

Because of the new document requirements, the labor-intensive complexities involved in verifying documents, and the need for DMVs to reprocess the bulk of the population already possessing driver’s licenses, individuals will receive slower service, longer lines, and the need for repeat visits to the DMV. Out of a population of 290 million residents, there are approximately 194 million licensed drivers. In addition to the millions of children, teenagers, and the elderly are particularly likely to lack licenses. The complicated yet often ambiguous maze of requirements created by the Act will throw many unlucky people into a bureaucratic quagmire as they try to overcome inflexible verification requirements, bureaucratic errors or mismatches, lost documents, unique circumstances, or other problems. Some individuals, inevitably, will find themselves unable to obtain these new identity papers. In addition, for many low-income workers, taking off time work is difficult and expensive, the need for repeated trips to the DMV and other agencies such as registrar’s offices in search of birth certificates would be an even greater burden. And because the Act’s mandates would cost states billions of dollars which Congress refuses to pay, fees on drivers licenses will inevitably rise, and in all probability, State taxes will continue to escalate.

By definitively turning driver’s licenses into national identity documents, Real ID would have a tremendously destructive impact on privacy. The creation of a single interlinked database as well as the requirement that each DMV store copies of all the birth certificates and other documents presented will create a one-stop shop for identity thieves. Failure to include adequate privacy and security safeguards for this massive national identification database. Real ID will ultimately become a key infrastructure for and dramatically accelerate, the surveillance society already being constructed in the United States. Once put in place, it will be used more and more for the routine tracking, monitoring, and regulation of individuals’ movements and activities, exploiting the private sector, and expose individuals to a greater risk of identity theft and other security risks. The centralized database will inevitably, over time, become the repository for more and more data on individuals over an ever-wider set of purposes. The ability of hackers to gain access to the personal information of over 240 million US Citizens. The system is only as good as its weakest link and DHS admits there are minimum standards required of the states. As it is, nearly 10 million people, or 5% of U.S. adults, were victims of identity theft. The security problems with creating concentrated databases have been repeatedly demonstrated over the years, most recently in the rash of cases where information held by commercial database companies has fallen into the hands of identity thieves or others. AND if a thief has obtained someone’s REAL ID compliant state ID, it can be hard for the victim of identity theft to verify their own identity when traveling, moving to a new state, getting a job, or conducting business with a financial institution or government agency.

Remember, if you can’t provide an acceptable form of identification, you won’t be permitted through security checkpoints which means your expensive airline or train ticket is money down the drain; a missed court date may constitute a failure to appear warrant and may eventually even hinder people from picking up medical prescriptions, entering national parks and Social Security offices,

Instead of preventing disaster, Real ID is only bringing more issues by dividing people into documented/ undocumented and doesn’t create a safer atmosphere nor will it prevent terrorism in public spaces.

CITATIONS:

Americans Clueless about Danger of REAL ID
https://www.cchfreedom.org/cchf.php/1250

DHS ~ Homeland Security – States and Territories
https://www.dhs.gov/real-id
https://www.dhs.gov/real-id-public-faqs

TSA Reminds Travelers of REAL ID Identification Requirements
https://www.dhs.gov/news/2019/04/04/tsa-reminds-travelers-real-id-identification-requirements

International Organization for Standardization
https://www.iso.org/about-us.html

ICAO ~ International Civil Aviation Organization
https://www.icao.int/Pages/default.aspx

Nlets ~ International Justice and Public Safety Network
https://classic.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/0904JUSTICENLETS.PDF

Real ID cannot be used for International Air Travel ~ Travel.State.Gov ~ U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/passports/apply-renew-passport/card.html

Real ID will divide us into Documented and Undocumented
https://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-ulin-real-id-20180730-story.html

Are you ready for fingerprinting in exchange for a faster experience at the airport?
https://www.corporatetravelsafety.com/safety-tips/fingerprinting-need-know-tsa-precheck/

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

Follow @OurVoicesEcho