An Open Letter from Robin Sokoloff

Thank you Robin Sokoloff
Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Open Letter For People Looking For Open Letters

I sat down at a sidewalk cafe today, popped open this laptop – ready to send some words to anyone who’s looking for perspective and support out there.

And just like clockwork, when I try to go anywhere or do anything as a woman by myself, I am interrupted.

I am just sitting here, trying to write you these words. I’m typing away. A shadow blocks out the sun above me. Someone is looming above. This is not the first time in a lifetime of men shaped looms.

“Excuse me miss. Hey miss.”

I keep typing.

“Yo ma. Ma… yo I’m trying to talk to you lady.”

I breathe. I keep doing what I’m doing.

“Yo BITCH! What the fuck! You must be some kind a bitch right? Sitting there.”

I remain unmoved.


He puts his phone on my table.

I see it. I see where this is going. I see it all.

I pause.

I do the mental math.

I close my laptop. I set it aside.

I flip the table, forcing him to tumble back surprised.

I stand up.

I pause again.

I breathe.

I lock eyes with him.

I look at him and let him see how bored I am. I look at him like he’s an ant. I look at him like he’s obviously no match and he must have been tripping.

I say, “Say it again. No please, tell me again what a bitch I am. Let everyone here know just what a bitch I am so they can hear it and understand you fully that I’m a bitch. What else you got? Just ‘Bitch’? That’s it? What was next? Please oh please, don’t leave me hanging, I’ve been waiting all day for you to interrupt my meal and piss all over me so you can get what YOU need today. Oh hey! Maybe if you say ‘bitch’ some more, maybe just maybe, the people sitting all around me, – no, shrinking all around me while pretending this isn’t happening – maybe one of these nice people will get up and come to my aid or something. I dunno? Sounds crazy right? Why don’t you just call me crazy bitch too, for thinking someone here might care more about a woman’s safety right now than their own pasta.”

No one moves. Still. All of them. Of course. Same as it ever was.

He darts for his phone at my feet.

I push him back. My two hands. On his shoulders. I push him back like we are at the line of scrimmage. That’s what that’s called, right? Football is weird. But now I’m a football player.

He tumbles back again. This has clearly never happened to him before.

He tries again for the phone.

I step on it. Not enough to hurt it, of course. Just lightly enough to say, “Nah, that’s my phone now.”

I cock my head, motioning him up the block; or else.

He runs.

I calmly and quietly pack up my things. I swing my bag over my shoulder. Same as it ever was. I mean, no one at this restaurant seems mildly concerned about my condition, so why should I be.

The waiter shuffles just inside my periphery, to dip his toe in: “Ma’am, your sangria?” – looking to me to make this nice.

“Ma’am, ummm…. are you okay?” Says the patron next to me, suddenly leaping into action now that the action is clearly over.

“Who me? Yes, I AM okay, thanks to your help! Wow, you really took action there, huh? I hope you’re all happy with your choices here today. I hope you’re all knocking back that beer extra hard murmuring ‘oh gee, this Kavanaugh thing… isn’t there anything we can do?!?’ Newsflash my friends, you just missed your chance. You just didn’t ‘do’ anything. So I thank you all.”

I wink at them.

I eye my harasser shuffling along one block up, turning the corner.

I follow.

That’s right, I follow him.

I follow him for a bit.

I follow my harasser some more.

I see him realize I am following him.

I follow him past all the other women who he would’ve tried this on, but is now too busy trying to get away from me.

I watch him awkwardly strategize for many blocks. Change tactics, and wonder who he can ask for help. But he won’t, cause he’s a man. So…

I follow him through 6 Lanes of Canal Street/ Holland Tunnel traffic in both directions.

I keep coming, kinda like it’s Terminator III.

He ducks into a Dunkin’ Donuts, and hides like a child under the window counter.

I stop right outside the store, stand just over him, and stare.

I wonder, how odd, to hide beyond a window, like I can’t see him. Ha!

I stare at him some more.

I stare at him some more.

I stare at him till he stops panicking long enough to realize there’s no way out until I give it him.

I breathe.

I breathe some more.

I light my cigarette.

I take a puff.

I take another.

I shake my head and laugh.

I walk on.

I release him.

I release him.

– – – – – – – –

If you came here looking for hope, I’m not sure I have it. No, I definitely don’t have it. All I have is my survivor’s strength to share, and my continued commitment to transparency where you are all concerned.

I don’t want to give you hope. I want you to wake the fuck up.

I’m telling every single one of you who have been too blah blah blah to believe me, support me, or fight with me – The age of your ignorance needs to end today.

The age where you birth your daughters into a system of violence, and quietly escape to the suburbs as though that will keep them safe, but it will only really stifle their screams just enough so that you can sleep through their torture – The age of your indifference ends today.

The age where you birth your sons into a system that rapes and pillages the generation after you, just as you have, and you find yourself defending a monster because you see a little Kavanaugh in your precious boy king – The age of your convenience ends today.

I do blame you. I do. I’ve been out ringing all the alarms. I’ve been out here weeding out all the weeds, and holding the line so it can inch no further. I’ve been out here defending myself, and defending you too.

And for the life of me, I keep scratching my head knowing you all have children and grandchildren of your own by now and I don’t know what the fuck you are going to do. What you think they are going to do. They are not safe from this. No, not from this – The age where you can hide this from them is over. Heck, the age where you can hide them FROM this is over.

As many of you know, I run Town Stages. That means lots of people in and out, day in and day out. Lot’s of conversations amongst friends, and even more conversations amongst strangers.

If I had a nickel for every seemly nice guy who’s tried to mack on me this week by saying, “So… this Kavanaugh thing, huh?”

And I just stare back. I figure it’s their turn to make this nice.

And they go, “Well, I mean… do you think there is any… absolutely any chance that he didn’t do it? Like what if….. I mean, there’s very little evidence and I was wondering like what if… ”

And I stop him there. I try to help him out. I try to take his side.

“Bro – Humor me. Imagine you were overcome by a bunch of piss drunk men, half suffocated, and brought to the point of ‘about to be raped’, if not actually raped in this manner as so very many women are. Think about it for a sec. Would you tell anyone? How would the people around you act if you said you had been raped? Would your family believe you? Would your job believe you? Would the WHOLE WORLD believe you? Are you prepared to be the laughing stock of every where you go for the rest of your life just to stop one man from having a job? Tell me – Is there a world in which YOU would make this up knowing it would pretty much end your life as you currently know it? And if you actually worked up the courage to tell your story, what would you do if some guy like you, no, millions of guys like you were standing here going ARE YOU SURE???”

He says, “oh…. I …shit. Yeah…. But wait, were the guys that raped me gay or straight.”

I stare back. I blink once, very slowly.

He knows he’s an idiot. He admits he’s an idiot. He just needed a sec.

“Well the thing is, women don’t get a sec when they are being sexually assaulted.”

He stands there quietly.

I stand there quietly.

He tries to change topics, says “Hey… Nice place. You work here?”

“I built it.”

He looks at me.

He looks down.

“Yeah. You weren’t expecting that either, were you….”

He stands there quietly.

And maybe he was thinking, what a bitch.

But what if he was thinking: Holy shit. I’ve gotta get my shit together.

And that’s all I want, men. Get your shit together.

I suppose my open letter for people who like open letters in dark times even though it’s always been a dark time for the people who actually build America, is this: You just pissed off one of the fiercest bitches to ever walk this earth and you still haven’t thought this though. Be afraid. Be very afraid. You left me and my friends with nothing to lose when you had everything to lose. Bad plan. Very bad.


Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (

Obscuring Kaepernick’s Truth ~ Symbols as Political Points

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

The Nike craze of whether burning or buying, I don’t know what pisses me off more… Nike claims it’ll be donating to Kaepernick’s charity “Know Your Rights” (but it hasn’t been formally announced by Nike yet – ah yeah, right) to raise awareness of “higher education, self-empowerment, and “instruction to properly interact with law enforcement in various scenarios”. Excuse me, PROPERLY INTERACT??? Like when police murdered 12-year-old Tamir Rice within 1.3 seconds of arrival, or maybe 7-year-old Aiyana Jones asleep on the couch, Freddie Gray, Eric Garner or the 684 people killed by police so far this year? What percentage is going charity? And what is going into Nike’s pocket? And then what’s happening to the slave laborers who are already working 12-hour shifts 7 days a week for about 20₡ an hour? They can’t add any more days to the week so is Nike adding more hours to their day? Is this raising awareness or is it just shooting back at Trump and his groupies to piss them off, nanny, nanny, nanny?

As for the idiots who already spent a small fortune on Nike products, wow, like burning them is really hurting Nike who already suckered them out of their money. Then there’s air quality, where’s BBQ Betty when you need her? It’s illegal to burn trash; just think how toxic burning rubber is? Where’s Smokey the Bear? Don’t we have enough of the US burning now?

Before these people make someone/something a symbol for their political point they should make sure to actually listen and stop using a stupid piece of cloth, a dumb song or articles of clothing as a cover for their racism/activism. If they don’t care and can’t be bothered or concerned about police brutality, just admit it and own up to their position.

There are more 49,933 homeless veterans. On average, 20 veterans die by suicide each day. Taking a knee isn’t disrespectful to veterans, stealing VA Benefits and leaving veteran’s to die is, but kneeling isn’t about veterans, kneeling is about police violence.

Most people who complain have done NOTHING for this country but stand for a song claiming they’re soooooooo patriotic, but won’t give a dime to a veteran standing on the corner. There are more than 13 million children living in “food insecure” homes and 16 million children, roughly one in five living in poverty. The United States of America can afford to house every homeless veteran, feed every child, and take in every refugee while still having plenty of money left over for a 30 oz. container of Starbucks bottom of the barrel burnt bean ashtray coffee and a family size bucket of chemically enhanced genetically engineered chicken from KFC.

Where were Nike, burners, and buyers when Kaepernick first took a knee? As White people stand for the National Anthem, most of them sit in careless silence as police kill Black and Brown people while hiding behind the baseless excuse of “I feared for my life.” In the United States people value guns, flags and fake acts of patriotism over people, pain and real acts of courage.

Keep ignoring the fact people are kneeling in support of those who are unable to stand, or kneel, shot down or choked to death by police who don’t even get their hand slapped. That’s what we are protesting! Not the flag, not the military and not the country allegedly allowing for freedom of speech.

“Actions speak louder than words, right?” Kneeling is not disrespect; in fact, it is a sign of profound respect and humility. When a person prays, they kneel. When a soldier honors a fallen compatriot, they kneel. When a Mother is crying over her slain child in the street, she kneels. Instead of looting, lynching, bombing and terrorizing, when a person kneels it is not to dishonor, it is to say we as a collective people should have the right to be able to kneel for freedom. To not be in fear for our lives, to be able to have the same rights as all citizens. The action got attention, didn’t it?

Never lose sight of his original purpose, for Colin Kaepernick is demonstrating the true meaning of the term “By any means necessary” by his unselfish generosity of time, money and loss of career. Nike and the burners are faking patriotism by masking their disdain for racial injustice; both are capitalizing on Kaepernick’s name and his heroic stance against police brutality.

#ColinKaepernick #LetOurVoicesEcho #PoliceBrutality


Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (

White Caller Crimes and Racial Hoaxes

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

It’s impossible to include every case here. We’ll never know how many Black folks were lynched or electrocuted by more refined modern means because of these kinds of lies, and there’s no telling how many innocent People of Color will lose years of life in prison. “The majority of the hoaxes involve someone White falsely claiming they were harmed by someone Black”. Criminologist and law professor Katheryn Russell-Brown recently told NPR while discussing another recent case-in-point. Racial hoaxes can work the other way, with innocent Whites targeted by Blacks or other People of Color, but the fact they so rarely do speaks to the U.S.’s pervasive institutional racism. Spin a story involving Black criminality and White innocence and it very well might go unchecked, thanks to the U.S.’s racist confirmation bias. Our entire criminal justice system is informed by White Supremacist myths and assumptions explaining why Black crime is over-reported in news media; why Blacks are more likely than Whites to go to jail for crimes they didn’t commit, serve longer sentences for the same crimes, receive the death penalty, or be placed in a pipeline leading directly from school to prison.

BRENDA METZ aka GAS STATION GAIL October 17, 2018 8599 Rivers Ave, North Charleston, SC 29406 Brenda Metz Manager at Murphy’s Gas Station called 911 on children at the Youth Stop the Violence Walk to get the children some drinks after they walked a mile during their rally. Video prove they were NOT causing a disturbance and just entering the store to purchase drinks. Brenda says she doesn’t care about the money, just leave the store. Male narrator “I thought 911 was for emergencies???? This calling 911 on Black people for no reason must end. We are asking EVERYONE to contact her employer “Murphy USA” and let them know her actions are inexcusable and WILL NOT be tolerated. Their customer service number is 1-800-843-4298.” (Facebook took the video down)

PARKING WHILE BLACK San Diego, CA at Grossmont Centre strip mall. In the video, an agitated looking white woman can be seen standing next to her car blocking not only the Black woman’s vehicle, but also blocking the entrance/exit for the whole lot. She claimed she was upset because she had allegedly been waiting on a parking space and the Black woman “took it.” The Black woman works at the strip mall and was pulling up to her job at the moment of the incident. “Once I’m parked I have a lady parked directly behind my car blocking me in. She gets out and taps on my back door of my vehicle and began to tell me that it was her parking space and that she was waiting on it. She then sees where I work and threatens to send an email to my corporate office, which she did”. “She told me she had been waiting on the spot because her mother was handicapped and she needed a handicap parking spot, which it was not, there were handicap spots available”. “I decided to walk back and speak to one of the officers. He asked me what happened and I proceeded to let him know that I pulled into a parking spot and if I could go to work. The motorcycle cop spoke with the lady and asked her to leave and the other cop said I could go”

TAG CHECKING TAMMY In another instance of parking while black a White woman pulls up, called police and blocks a Black family’s parking spot because their tags are expired.

H&M LOSS PREVENTION Sept. 25, 2018 Pembroke Lakes Mall South FL Daniela Taylor was returning some earrings Sept. 25 and purchasing new ones when store security accused her of shoplifting. “The officers ripped her bag out of her hand, ripped her cell phone out of her hand (and) accused her of staling,” even after loss prevention officers reviewed security camera footage and realized she didn’t steal anything, she said they didn’t offer an apology. H&M released the following statement: “We are aware of the incident that took place in our Pembroke Lakes Mall location. Unfortunately this was a misunderstanding and we are sorry. We have since let go of the third party security company that was involved and we are reviewing our internal procedures to make sure this type of incident does not happen again and that our routines are properly followed. We will be getting in touch with the customer to follow up on the steps we have taken.”

LOFTY LUCY August 2018 St. Louis, White woman tries to stop D’Arreion Nuriyah Toles from coming into his building because she felt insecure at the Downtown St. Louis luxury loft, didn’t feel he belonged. She demanded he give his unit number but when asked she did give him hers, #307. He told his in was on the 4th floor. She still refused to move out of the doorway, after politely moving past her, she claimed he shoved her so she followed him into the elevator then down the hall to his own unit claiming she just wanted to introduce herself as a neighbor. He threatened to call the police if she didn’t stop harassing him. She however called the police telling them D’Arreion choked her, 30 minutes later police knocked on his door, luckily he had video of the entire incident.

CORNERSTORE CAROLINE Oct. 10, 2010 New York City, called the police on a 9 year old Black boy for bumping into her allegedly grabbing her backside. While on the phone she told dispatch he “grabbed my ass”. The boy became visibly upset and begins to cry. Even at the tender age of nine, he is well aware of the ramifications of a White woman calling the police on him. The woman claimed to be a police officer (impersonating a police officer is a crime). In the video citizens called her out so she sarcastically mocks the person filming by exclaiming: “World Star!” It’s unknown if the police actually showed up, but she listed her full address and phone number in the video. Allegedly this woman’s name is Teresa Sue Klein and she’s 53 years old.
“Video completely vindicates the child. Deli owner told me the woman has a history of being ‘unwell” she actually did call 911” and that police responded 17 minutes later. The police arrived following the woman’s call. She reportedly claimed the journalists “were harassing her and threatening her with violence. A report “was never filed.”

PETSMART PEGGY Riverside County, California September 26, 2018 Jeny, a 32-year-old who didn’t want to make her full name public “we stop at PetSmart and I stay in the car with Elsie while she’s sleeping in her car seat. A/C is blasting and she taps on the window to get me to roll it down. I try to ignore her but she wouldn’t leave me alone. I roll down the window and she says the baby is in the sun. She threatens to call the cops if I don’t move my car. I know my husband will be out any minute since we’re only there for a few minutes. I then told her to mind her own business and that’s when I started recording.” The video begins showing the woman pressing a button on a flip phone and telling someone on the phone that there’s a baby locked in the car with the sun beating down on the baby and no mother inside. Petsmart Peggy then
claimed “she’s threatening to beat the shit out of me”. As Jeny’s six-year-old witnesses the scene, shortly before the video ends the woman can be seen in the video wishing harm on Jeny’s two-year-old, saying she “deserves for her child to be injured”.

WHITE MALE Madison Wisconsin Aug. 7, 2018 Black candidate Sheila Stubbs was stopped by police while campaigning. Sheila’s 71 year old mother was following behind in their car, along with Stubbs’ 8-year-old daughter. Shelia says she’s knocked on thousands of doors in Madison, Wisconsin, in her 12 years as a county supervisor and has never had a problem in the community, however a man called the police while she was campaigning for a seat in the Wisconsin State Assembly because he alleged she was a drug dealer. Recorded by Dispatch : “FULLY OCCUPIED SILVER 4 DR SEDAN NEWER MODEL – THINKS THEY ARE WAITING FOR DRUGS AT THE LOCAL DRUG HOUSE – WOULD LIKE THEM MOVED ALONG.” The officer asked her to produce verification. Stubbs says she showed the officer her name tag and campaign fliers, but she didn’t seem satisfied until Stubbs showed her the walk list with the names and addresses of potential supporters

OFFICER SHERRY HALL, Jackson Georgia Sept. 13, 2016 Officer Sherry Hall’s call over the police radio she’d been shot had fellow cops swarming a dark, wooded cul-de-sac in Jackson. Then they fanned out across Butts County in search of a suspect. Hall described her assailant as a 6-foot, 230-pound African-American man wearing a green shirt and black jogging pants. Unprovoked, the man pulled out a gun and opened fire. Hall’s claim turned out to be a complete fabrication. After hearing evidence, including Hall’s own testimony, a jury recently convicted the former cop of 11 criminal charges, including making false statements, violating her oath and tampering with evidence. Sherry Hall was sentenced to 15 years in prison after falsely claiming she had been shot by a black man.

BABYSITTING WHILE BLACK Marietta, Georgia Oct. 7, 2018 Corey Lewis, a black man, was leaving a Subway in Marietta, Georgia, with the two white kids he was babysitting when a white woman approached him. She asked if the kids were okay. “Why wouldn’t they be okay. The woman didn’t relent, she followed him to his home then called the police on him. There was simply no reason the woman called the police on him besides his race, because the kids were totally fine. The children’s mother, Dana Mango, defended Lewis to the police asking the officer, “Are you telling me because a woman saw a young African-American male with two white kids they were pulled over by the police?” The cop reportedly responded, “Yes, ma’am. I’m sorry, that appears to be what happened.” “It doesn’t make sense in light of what happened they weren’t crying. They weren’t distressed.” Lewis is a friend of the children’s parents and runs a youth mentoring group in Georgia.

RHONDA MICHELLE POLON aka COFFEE CUP CONNIEAugust 4, 2018 Los Angeles, CA Rhonda Michelle Polon flew into a rage and hurled racist insults at two Latino construction workers before throwing a cup of hot coffee directly at one of their faces. Miguel Sanchez was the first to arrive at the site of job he had landed through a contractor at an upscale apartment complex in Century City and stepped outside to allow his co-worker Jesse access into the building. When the men were about to enter the complex’s garage, Rhonda Michelle Polon paused from walking her dogs and started arguing with both men, questioning their motives before attacking Sanchez with the hot drink and calling them wetbacks. Sanchez remained cool and recorded the video with his cell phone before Michelle completely went berserk. She took a couple of steps towards him and tossed a cup of coffee at the defenseless man’s face. Both men were trying to attempt to get to their vehicle, but Polon continued to verbally abuse Sanchez, whose face had turned red and whose t-shirt was completely drenched by the coffee. In the video the woman can be heard accusing them of being thieves. While Sanchez recorded additional footage of the shocking incident, another tenant appeared from behind the condo’s lobby entrance dressed in a bathrobe and walking barefooted. He accused them of previously having stolen his bicycle before going toe-to-toe with Jesse and hurling more racist epithets at the men. Sanchez declined to press charges on Palona although she was given a citation.

WHITE WOMAN July 12, 2018 Long Beach CA Calls COPS On Black Man For Listening To YOGA CD In His Car Ezekiel Phillips had just dropped someone off in Long Beach and decided to take a 30-minute break before going to his yoga class, which was around the corner. He was listening to his bikram yoga CD in his car when a woman walked up to his car. “You’re not supposed to be here. This is a good neighborhood.” Phillips ‘wait hold up’. Have a good day ma’am. Namaste. And I rolled my window up”. “She took her phone out; started taking pictures, filming doing whatever she was doing. Hey I went to film school. I can take film as well. So I got out the car, I started filming her as soon as I start filming her, ‘what are you doing?’ Leave me alone! I’m feeling threatened. Help! Help!’ It was one of those.” The woman called for Long Beach police to come to her street. In the 911 audio the woman is heard addressing the operator. “I noticed him two houses up from my parents’ house and I’m like, you know and he’s waving to me. I don’t know who he is.” “I can’t get away from him! Get away from me!” She yelled over the call. There was no answer from her as to why she felt threatened or why she stated Phillips attacked someone, which according to the 91 audio call, was not true. “Ma’am. When you say he attacked other persons, what did he do to them?” the operator is overheard. The woman responded saying “He’s trying to give his business card to this other guy that I’m proof that he didn’t do anything to me.” Phillips said he was going to leave, but decided to stay. “I thought about it. ‘If I leave, it’s looking like I’m guilty of whatever she’s talking about.” The woman went to a neighbor’s house the woman said he only called 911 because the woman asked and was screaming for help. Other neighbors, including Kelly Odom, agreed with Phillips that the woman’s actions were racist.
SAFEWAY EMPLOYEES Mountain View California July 8, 2018 Employees reported a possible theft involving Erika Martin, who said she went to the store with her son, two sisters, three nieces, and nephew after attending service at Christ Temple Community Church in Palo Alto. Martin said she and her son arrived first and gave dog food to a homeless man who she usually sees outside the store with his dog. Ms. Martin NEVER even entered the store. A few minutes later, when she was getting ready to leave, a police car pulled up behind her car. Five Mountain View police officers responded to a call by Safeway identifying a male, female, and some children possibly being connected in a theft, according to public information officer Katie Nelson. Employees also identified Martin’s parked car as being involved in the shoplifting. The questioning went on for 30 minutes.
SMITH COLLEGE EMPLOYEE Northampton, Mass. Aug. 3, 2018 Black student who is also in summer program teaching chemistry to high schooler’s, Oumou Kanoute was reading and eating her lunch in the dining hall common room at Tyler House dorm at Smith College sees cop walk in with a Smith employee whom she’d never seen before and the man said, ‘We were wondering why you’re here?”‘ They told her an employee had called about a suspicious black man. Ms. Kanoute Tweeted “I am blown away at the fact that i cannot even sit down and eat lunch peacefully. Today someone felt the need to call the police on me while I was sitting down reading, and eating in a common room at Smith College. This person didn’t try to bring their concerns forward to me,but instead decided to call the police. I did nothing wrong, I wasn’t making any noise or bothering anyone. All I did was be black. It’s outrageous that some people question my being at Smith College, and my existence overall as a women of color. I was very nervous, and had a complete metldown after this incident. It’s just wrong and uncalled for. No students of color should have to explain why they belong at prestigious white institutions. I worked my hardest to get into Smith, and I deserve to feel safe on my campus.” “I want the identity of the caller released,” she says. “I want a public apology from that caller and I want them fired from the school.” Smith’s administration says privacy laws prevent them from releasing the name,

WHITE MAN Atlanta GA June 18, 2018 Dr. Nnenna Agoucha a Black doctor was blocked from her entrance to the gated community in which she has lived for eight years because he felt she “didn’t belong there. A nearly 30-minute exchange was captured on camera. He got out of the car and threatened to call the police because I was ‘trespassing.’ According to the police report, Aguocha stated she was attempting to enter the Buckhead Townhome community after just coming off an overnight shift when another property owner stopped her at the gate entrance. The video shows that he parked his car under the gate arm and refused to move forward to let her in, despite her repeated requests. “He called the police, so I called the police as well,” she said. Aguocha told police he would not let her in due to the fact he didn’t believe that she lived there. He accused her of tailgating his car to try to get in. After police arrived on the scene, the man eventually moved his vehicle. The man, who it turns out did not actually live in the gated community himself, claimed there had been robberies in the area and people had been allegedly stealing A/C units.

CAT CALLER WHITE NEIGHBOR July 26, 2018 Baltimore Maryland 13 year-old mentally disabled Deontay Townes and his 11-year-old sister were in a neighbor’s yard looking for his cat when the neighbor called police reporting they believed the boy was trying to break into their house. The police arrived and the officer told the children “get on the ground”. Deontay’s mother, Kimberly Townes said, ‘No, they ain’t getting on no ground. She 11 and he’s 13. They not getting on the ground. So I told the kids, ‘come on.’ When I said that, he grabbed my son, like close armed him, hit him down, tried to get the handcuffs on him, then he started closed fisting my son. Don’t touch my kid, don’t touch my kid! Get the fuck [inaudible]. The person recording asks. “Why did you just punch him?” The officer replies “Because he just tried squeezing my testicles”. After being cuffed the officer walks Deontay to the officer’s car. The officer fails to open up the door and yells to the other officer for assistance opening the door. “He hit me in the head” Deontay repetitively says as he is being put in the back seat. The cop yells as he slams the car door “I’m about to send this kid to the f**king hospital”. Another officer asks the officer if he is okay. “If I see him again, I’m going to beat the s**t out of him!” The video ends with the person recording arguing with the 911 caller. The arresting officer was caught by another person recording from a different angle responding to the officer asking if he was okay. Deontay has a mental disability and after the video ends when officer calls for an ambulance.

WHITE FEMALE NEIGHBOR 2018 2:15 p.m. Santa Monica police responding to an alleged burglary held actor Ving Rhames at gunpoint in his Santa Monica home. “This happened this year. I open the door and there is a red dot pointed at my face from a 9-mm, and they say, ‘Put up your hands.” After he was taken outside, the situation was only defused after one of the responding officers recognized Rhames. Not from his work in movies like Pulp Fiction, but as a parent whose son also played basketball. Their son’s respective high schools had previously squared off in a game. A White a neighbor had called 911 to report a “large black man” breaking into the actor’s home. When police escorted Rhames to the neighbor’s house to clear things up, she denied placing the call. The 59-year-old actor believes the incident was the result of racial profiling.

WHITE WOMAN 2018 Wisconsin Michelle Landry, a political campaigner was registering voters was in rural Wisconsin when a White woman became incensed that Landry was canvassing inside her apartment complex. The woman called the police and braced herself against the door to the building so Landry couldn’t leave. Landry, who is half Vietnamese and half white, doesn’t know if her race played a role. But for her, there was no question that the White woman’s did. “There is definitely this assumption, if you are a White person and you are uncomfortable, that the police will take care of any discomfort you’re having,” Landry said. On this day, that backfired. Police told Landry, who was in tears, that she had a right to be in the building and chewed the woman out for blocking the door.

LUCIA WHALEN July 16, 2009 Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. was arrested at his , home by local police officer Sgt. James Crowley, who was responding to a 9-1-1 caller’s report of men breaking and entering the residence. Just after Gates returned home to after a trip to China. Gates found the front door to his home jammed shut and, with the help of his driver, tried to force it open. A local witness Lucia Whalen reported their activity to the police as a potential burglary in progress. Lucia Whalen was the witness and original 9-1-1 caller reporting the incident. Sgt. Crowley stated in his official police report that when he arrived at the scene, he spoke to Whalen, who told him she had “observed what appeared to be two black males with backpacks” trying to force entry. Whalen subsequently denied making any such comment to Crowley. Whalen was hurt by widespread comments labeling her a racist, based on the “two black males with backpacks” quote in the police report. A recording of her 9-1-1 call was released on July 27; in it, Whalen could be heard saying, “I don’t know if they live there and they just had a hard time with their key.” When asked for a more detailed description by the dispatcher, her reply on the tape was, “One looked kind of Hispanic, but I’m not really sure. And the other one entered and I didn’t see what he looked like at all.” On July 28, it was revealed in the media that Justin Barrett, a 36-year-old Boston Police Department officer who has been on the job for two years, and is also a member of the Massachusetts National Guard, sent a mass e-mail to fellow National Guardsmen and to The Boston Globe in which he referred to Gates as a “jungle monkey”.

WHITE WOMAN Portland Oregon Rep. Janelle Bynum Black state lawmaker up for re-election was knocking on doors in her Portland-area district this week when someone called 911 on her.

CHILI’S EMPLOYEE June 23, 2018 Abbeville, Louisiana Police found themselves in a delicate position when they were called to remove a group of Black patrons from the parking lot of a Chili’s restaurant. The customers tried to explain how they were simply talking outside during closing time but that one of the employees thought they were trying to intimidate the staff. “They called me here to prevent an altercation with you guys,” an officer told the group in the video. “Why? Why?” one of the men asked. “Because we’re black people in Abbeville it’s an altercation.” “What did we do? All we did was pay and leave”. Chili’s later put out a statement saying it regretted what occurred.

LINDA KRAKORA July 4, 2018 Reggie Fields, a 12-year-old Ohioan who proudly operates Mr. Reggie’s Lawn Cutting Service, made national headlines after a white woman called the police on him. She had complained that the child, who was cutting her neighbor’s lawn, cut part of the wrong lawn. Nearly two weeks later, the same family called the police on the boy again, this time complaining about Fields and other children playing on a Slip N’ Slide in a neighboring yard. For over 18 years, Krakora’s family has made some 60 calls to police.

CATHOLIC PRIEST MICHAEL BRIESE July 2, 2018 Charlotte Hall, Md Catholic Priest halted a homegoing service in Maryland to have a black family removed from the church. The servant of God even kicked the dead body out of the funeral, proving once again, there is no sanctuary when it comes to racism. Aside from the fact that she was no longer alive, Agnes Hicks’ Charlotte Hall, Md., mass was going along perfectly fine on Tuesday until an attendee of the funeral went in for a hug and accidentally knocked over a chalice at St. Mary’s Catholic Church, angering pastor Michael Briese. “There will be no funeral, no repast, everyone get the hell out of my church,” Briese reportedly told the family. Briese then kicked the family out of the place of worship, telling them to remove the body of the woman who wished to be laid to rest in the church where she was baptized. After the police responded to the call, the officers determined that the family had done nothing wrong and escorted the family to another church in a nearby county where they finished the service.

DEPRESSED DEBRA June 6, 2018 Oklahoma City OK When the first video posted to Facebook begins, the woman is already on the phone with the authorities. When Poolside Patty hangs up, a woman identified as Ja’Maya Burleson asks the woman why she called the police. “I nicely asked you if you would talk to me because I’m depressed.” “I’m not a counselor. I’m not certified, baby,” the videographer responds, leaving Depressed Debra agape in horror, apparently unfamiliar with the word “No.” The bummed-out Depressed Debra initially denies having called the police, then insists the 911 operator called her because … of course they did. Soon the police arrive, and Depressed Debra goes to explain herself to the law enforcement officer. “Yesterday was my birthday; I was very depressed. I went over and I asked the other girl if I could talk to her, and she said, ‘No.’ What do you want to talk about?’ and I said, ‘I’m depressed.’” The officer interrupts the White woman and informs her he has patrolled the apartment complex for three years and didn’t even know the pool existed until another man flagged him down and told him “a short little blond lady” was at the pool causing a scene because she was “drunk or on something.” Policeman asks the lone white woman why everyone else would gang up on her. Depressed Debra admits she approached three different guys and asked them to talk before asking a “beautiful African-American woman with blond locs” to engage in a depression-fighting conversation. When it’s her turn, the Black woman tries to calmly explain the situation, but Depressed Debra interrupts with sobs, explaining how scared she was of the people who, she admits, did absolutely nothing to harm her (unless you count her frail, alabaster sense of entitlement). Finally, the cop realizes Depressed Debra is actually “on something” and decides to leave.

DOLLAR STORE EMPLOYEE July 2018 Ohio Employee calls cops on Black man because he didn’t leave his bag at the front of the store. Customer was not told to leave his bag at the front and he was already at the cash register attempting to pay for a single item juice. Employee threatens to mace customer for recording him. Customer chooses to wait for police, employee continues to threaten customer. Officers were jerks, trying to say Black man was throwing a gang sign when they took his photo for the gang task force. No crime had been committed.

KEN DUDEK July 18, 2018 Buffalo, NY Dollar General Store Manager Ken Dudek called the police on Madonna Wilburn a black customer using store coupons, accusing her of “trying to take advantage of the system.” Wilburn was trying to purchase $30 worth of groceries with digital coupons when Dudek got frustrated. Wilburn captured the tense exchange in a Facebook video. “I had no coupons in my hand and they are all digital coupons on their app. Spend $30 on gain scents and receive $5 off then other digital coupons ranging from .50 to $2 off of each of these items all on their app. He could not figure it out. Told me he hate people like me, told me to shut up, and more. I eventually pulled out my phone….and started recording to protect myself against his nasty attitude in case anything happened.. now him and his wife inboxing me.” Facebook screenshots show a user named Josiah Dudek who wrote, “We don’t dislike any race. Everyone’s equal. You’re all just mad she couldn’t use her precious coupons.” He also called Wilburn a “b****” and used the hashtag #Trump2020.” “What the video didn’t capture was this man telling me to ‘shut up,’ and ‘I hate people like you.’ Did he mean women? Black women? People who coupon?’” Wilburn waited outside for a police officer, who suggested she call the company’s corporate offices. He also gave her permission to leave, declaring the incident a non-issue.

WHITE NEIGHBOR July 17, 2018 San Francisco, CA Police officers were dispatched to the 800 block of Valencia Street on a call of a possible burglary in progress at a business,” according to the statement. “The caller stated that the person was removing items from a small, open door. Four officers responded to the scene and spoke to the person and determined he was the owner of the business. Viktor Stevenson had been testing out his security system Thursday at Gourmonade, which he had opened five days earlier, when four police officers approached him. “I say, ‘Oh, did the security system go off? If it did, my apologies. I am on the phone with the company now,’” Stevenson told the news outlet. That’s when the police told him a neighbor had reported him for “breaking into” the store. The cops asked to see his hands, which were in his pockets, and told him to prove it was his store. When he showed them his store key, they asked to see his ID as well.

WHITE NEIGHBOR aka TATTLETALE TINA” July 15, 2017 Key West, FL “Tattle-tale Tina” called the police instead of alerting her neighbor, Diana Candelario Fiscal-Gonzalez that collecting the protected Queen Conch shells was illegal. Officer John Martino, with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, arrested Fiscal-Gonzalez on 40 counts of possession. Thethe judge sentenced her to 15 days in jail, six months’ probation, a $500 fine as well as $268 for court costs. With a name like “Gonzalez” I can imagine why the police were called and Diana Candelario Fiscal-Gonzalez was subsequently arrested rather than given a warning, and/or a fine.

TARGET EMPLOYEE Algonquin, Ill. Dec. 2017 12-year-old Olivia Mochan’s mom Lindsay Mochan dropped her daughter and her 13-year-old friend off at Target so the two girls could go Christmas shopping. Olivia said they were there about 90 minutes browsing the aisles before she bought some cake mix and lemon juice. Her friend also bought a few items. Shortly after that, Target employees started following them, Olivia said. One even accused them of shoplifting, telling them to put back what was in their bags. “She goes, ‘We have you on camera stealing.’ I go, ‘Really, you don’t, because I didn’t steal anything,’ The girls kept receipts of their purchases and don’t understand why they were singled out.

APPLEBEES WHITE MANAGER and 3 EMPLOYEESFeb. 18, 2018 Independence, MO. Black women, Alexis Brison and Asia Hardy had the police called on them and accused of having done a “dine and dash” in their restaurant the night before. About an hour into their dinner they were approached by an Independence police officer, a mall cop, and the restaurant manager. They were told that we were accused of eating and not paying for CHICKEN the day before (dining and dashing). “After being mocked, humiliated, and embarrassed we were asked to pay for our food, leave, and not come back. After leaving, calls were made to the restaurant and the manager stated that our accuser remembered that there was a SKINNY girl and a girl who wore MAKEUP. In 2018 is this really what we’re debased to? Our weight and whether or not we wore makeup. She could not recognize any facial features or any defining characteristics. This is a clear example of RACIAL PROFILING that should not be stood for. Just because we are black does not mean we are all criminals and I will not be treated as such.”

WHITE HOMEOWNER May 16, 2018 Oakland CA Black firefighter Kevin Moore, while wearing a full uniform, with a radio and clipboard was reported to police for doing a standard inspection. Moore said he did his usual routine: knocked on the door, waited about a minute and yelled “Oakland Fire!” Then he stepped into the yard, which had no gate, and started noting the many vegetation hazards in his paperwork. As Moore was finishing up, he turned around to find the resident outside near the front steps of the house, video-recording him on a cell phone. “He kind of startled me,” Moore said. “He says, ‘Well, what are you doing here?’ I say, ‘We’re here doing our annual vegetation inspection.’ Then he asks for ID. I say no problem. He takes a picture of my ID and says I need to get a different one. I’ve had that ID for years. Moore said he suggested if the resident were still concerned, he could simply look out onto the street where “a big red fire engine is right there.” The resident called the police on Moore.

NEIGHBOR July 18, 2018 The Minnesota Department of Health was called and reported 13-year-old entrepreneur, Jaequan Faulkner for selling hot dogs outside of his home in order to raise money to buy new clothes for the next school year.

ALISON ETTEL aka “PERMIT PATTY” June 26, 2018 Alison Ettel “Permit Patty” was caught on camera calling 911 and confronting 8-year-old girl Jordan Rodgers selling $2 water bottles outside her window to passersby.

JENNIFER SCHULTE aka u>”BBQ BECKY” ~ BLACK BBQ’ing IN PARK April 29, 2018 Oakland CA “BBQ Becky” a white woman called police on a few Black people who, she said, were using a charcoal grill in an area where it was banned.

HOLLY HYLTON STARBUCKS MANAGER April 12, 2018 Philadelphia PA. Donte Robinson and Rashon Nelson had initially asked to use the bathroom at the Philadelphia Starbucks as they waited for a business meeting but were told it was for paying customers only. They occupied a table without making a purchase, which many observers have noted is a common occurrence at the franchise’s locations. Within minutes of them arriving, a manager called police after the men declined to leave the premises because, they said, they were waiting for their acquaintance.

WHITE LADY ON BIKE May 10, 2018 Washington, D.C Donald Sherman, a Black lawyer and a father. Sherman’s son was not feeling well, so he stayed home from work and was pushing his son in a park when a White woman saw fit to notify park security about “a suspicious man walking the bike path with a baby.” 30 minutes into our stroll Sherman got flagged by a security officer in one of those cars marked ‘Special Police’. “I was a bit confused as to whether she was looking for me to stop but she honked twice and pulled over so I got the picture. She told me that she received a complaint from someone who said there was a “suspicious man” walking on the bike path with a baby. When the complainant was asked to describe my race, she declined.” Sherman is dark-skinned while his son is not, prompting the woman to think a Black man somehow stole a White baby. The only person he saw on their walk was “a White lady on a bike who veered off as Caleb and I were walking in her direction” and she was the one who “saw fit to report me to security.”

HOBBY LOBBY LAURA May 16, 2018 Trussville Alabama Employee Laura called police to report that a black man, Brian Spurlock who was in the store committing the crime of … well … no one seems to know. The police said the man was trespassing; the store manager first said that he “resembled” a thief. Then Laura said he was talking too loudly while he was outside the store. Spurlock went to the craft superstore to return a Cricut cutting machine for his girlfriend. He had the receipt, the original packaging and everything that came with the item when he arrived. “When I gave her [the cashier] the machine, she told me that she needed to check with the manager to see if the item was returnable. The manager said she would have to check with corporate.” Hobby Lobby Laura was not calling “corporate she was calling the police. Spurlock says he still didn’t think anything was wrong, even when an officer entered the store, walked up to him and asked for his identification. As customers looked on, Spurlock handed over his ID to the cop and asked what was the reason for this embarrassment. “He said: ‘You’re about to be trespassing. I still didn’t know what was going on. I figured, ‘OK, some stores do ask for ID when you return things”. But instead of taking Spurlock’s ID to the manager, the cop exited the store with the ID and went to his car. “I still had no idea what they were doing. But now I realize he was running my name to check for warrants. I still wasn’t worried because I don’t have any,”. Apparently finding no blemishes on Spurlock’s record, the cop returned and informed Spurlock that he should get his refund and leave the store before he was arrested for trespassing.

LINDA SHAD aka LICENSE PLATE LINDA July 8, 2018 Colerain Township, Ohio Domonique Duskin said Linda Shad tried to “get all of our cars towed because we were blocking my cousin Marvin Shelton’s driveway. The cars didn’t block Shad’s driveway or anyone else’s property except [for] my cousin’s.” Shad called the police, but “the police came and did nothing they just pretty much told Linda to go in her house and mind her business.” The Black family went back to the party, but as people were preparing to leave, “Linda and her family had bent everybody’s license plates, key’d cars, and pretty much damage people’s property.” Police fingerprinted the tags and by the time they got to the fourth car Linda confessed. Shelton said Linda Shad has called authorities on him dozens of times in the 13 years he’s lived in his house.

NEWPORT NANCY July 6, 2018 Wellington Manor GA Nancy felt the need to call police on Ms. Etheridge for smoking in a tenant parking structure. The unidentified White woman was recorded threatening to call the police on a Black person, this time after seeing Etheridge smoking in the shared parking garage of their apartment building. In addition to calling the police, “Nancy” threatened to call property management and said “they’ll have you evicted for smoking on the property.” Ms. Etheridge “Are you racist? Because I think you are. You just came out here harassing me for no reason”. The White woman then closed her car door and appeared to make a phone call. Police arrived soon after, concluding that there was no issue to be resolved.

WHITE RESIDENT aka NEWSPAPER NO NO July 6, 2018 Upper Arlington, Ohio Mycah Sharp, 17, and Uriah Sharp, 11, obtained a summer job delivering newspaper ads to learn the value of hard work. However, they faced issues from White neighbors who viewed them as suspects. The caller told police, “It looked like at first they were delivering newspapers or something, but I noticed they were walking up to the houses with nothing in hand and one of them came back with something. I mean, I don’t want to say something was going on, but it just but it just seemed kind of suspicious. “The police approached the kids while they were delivering on their first day of work and asked the boys if they were intruding in the area. ‘What are you doing here…are you soliciting?’ I said, ‘no sir I’m not soliciting, I’m delivering papers.’ He said, ‘what papers?’ I showed him the paper. He said, ‘Oh really,’ and sat there for a minute and then pulled off.” The boys mom Brandie Sharp told the officer they were working and showed their bag of the local newspaper. She said the boys had made a few deliveries to the wrong addresses and needed to retrieve the papers and Uriah went back to “grab” some newspapers. Upper Arlington is 92% White and has a Black population of less than %.

MAGGIE THE MANAGER May 7, 2018 Tacoma, WA Simone Intrepid Gamble and a friend were shopping at Fuego clothing store, when one of them stepped inside a dressing room at the business. To Gamble’s surprise, they heard the store manager loudly reading the store’s theft policies. “I was in the dressing room and while in there the manager started talking about the procedures for theft. Mind you she was not on the floor when we first arrived to the store. I select dresses then tried them on. I was going to purchase one of the dresses until I heard her speaking directly in front of my dressing room about theft procedures. I then got dressed and went to tell her I wanted to buy one of the dresses and confronted her about her implicit conversation right outside the curtain. She kicked us out of the store when I tried asking her why and she then called store police “Yeah, I need security here right now,” Maggie the manager waves her hands, shooing the Black patrons away as if they were gnats. When the shoppers the manager call them “aggressive,” Maggie replies: “‘Uncooperative’ is the word I used, an educated word that succinctly describes what’s happening right now, uncooperative. I’ve asked you to leave, you have not left. “Leave!” manager Margaret screams aggressively, raising her voice.

WHITE NEIGHBORMay 16, 2018 Vista California Ike Iloputaife took his two exotic Borzoi dogs for a 90-minute walk in his neighborhood in the early-morning hours. A woman who lived around the corner from a burglarized home had snapped the photo of Iloputaife that morning when he walked past her house because, she told investigators, he was “a stranger” on her street. It was taken from behind at a significant distance, . After the burglary, the woman — whose identity is unavailable — shared the photo with investigators. Although the still-unidentified Iloputaife was billed in the press release as looking “similar to Suspect 2 in the burglary,” their only similarity is skin color. Vista station of the county Sheriff’s Department, which has since removed Iloputaife as a person of interest

SUMMER BURLINGER aka BECKZILLA May 21, 2018 Las Vegas, Nevada James Ochoa while working at a home. Ochoa wrote that he had to use the bathroom while working on a driveway. “I had went to go to a portable restroom and I found some but they were occupied, so I made a u turn on this lady’s street to go find other ones.” he stopped his vehicle when Beckzilla’s dog ran in front of his car. He stopped to let the woman retrieve her dog, when Ochoa says he encountered pure evil: “I said nothing at all to her and she yelled saying “get off my street” I said “what did I do ma’am” and she continued to argue and call me names. So I had some words back, then I eventually drive off and just go back to work which is only a block away. She pulls up talking shit then she drives up the street and turns around rolls down her window and points a gun at me. I didn’t know what to do, so eventually the project manager seen everything going down so he asked me to leave and meet at his office. So I did we called the cops, she admitted to pulling the gun out and the cops took all her weapons from her home. So now we have a court date, I am fighting against her cause I had to leave work for 2 days”. In the video, the woman screams, “Help! Gun! Gun!”as Ochoa drives past her. In a post on a Facebook account which is now private, Berlinger contended Ochoa threatened her life and threatened to kill her entire family before he drove off, although her version conflicts with the video evidence.

WHITE WOMAN May 5, 2018 Memphis TN Real estate investor Michael Hayes was inspecting a house he was interested in buying. As he was pulling a board off the boarded-up home’s front down when a woman next door came outside. Hayes waved to her. The White woman asked what he was doing. He pointed to the sign he had placed in the front yard. “I told her that I had a contract and that I was an investor,” Hayes, who wanted to get inside the house to take pictures, “But she wasn’t listening to that. She didn’t want to hear it.” She said he had no right to be in her neighborhood and should leave, she then called the police.

NORDSTROM RACK STORE EMPLOYEES May 8, 2018 Nordstrom Rack in Brentwood, near St. Louis, MO store employees called the police on DIRONE TAYLOR, MEKHI LEE and ERIC ROGERS II and accused them of shoplifting.

WAFFLE HOUSE EMPLOYEE May 2, 2018 Fort Walton Beach, FL Donald Copeland and Ms. Hart placed a to-go order. Before getting their food, they noticed that they were being charged more for one of the items than the price listed on the menu. The couple asked an employee about the charges, said they would not pay the additional amount, and attempted to call the chain’s corporate headquarters. The video clearly shows the money as well as the untouched food were laying on the counter, The employee responded by calling the police, later telling the officers they wanted to press charges if the couple did not pay. After a lengthy interaction with officers, the two were placed in handcuffs. “We haven’t been served at all. We haven’t been served so how is it theft? We asked her to explain the bill to us; she gave us no food or nothing and called you guys,”

WAFFLE HOUSE EMPLOYEE May 4, 2018 Warsaw NC video showed a 22-year old named Anthony Wall being choked by a police officer following a verbal dispute outside a North Carolina Waffle House. Wall said that employees called police because Wall, who had taken his sister to prom that evening before going with her to the restaurant, sat at a table that hadn’t been cleaned by waitstaff. The White employee called Wall a faggot and threatened him with physical assault. The police were called and an officer tried to arrest Wall. When Wall resisted, the officer grabbed him by the neck and choked him. Still grabbing Wall by the neck, the officer threw him to the pavement of the Waffle House parking lot.

SARAH BRAASCH , May 10, 2018 New Haven, CT Lolade Siyonbola Black Yale University graduate student was working on a paper in the Hall of Graduate Studies when she fell asleep in a common room. Sarah Braasch, a White female student came in, turned on the lights and told her, “You’re not supposed to be sleeping here. I’m going to call the police.” Siyonbola was interrogated by campus police officers.

WHITE FEMALE NEIGHBOR , May 7, 2018 Rialto, CA As filmmaker Kelly Fyffe-Marshall her friends, Donisha Prendergast, Komi-Oluwa Olafimihan and another Friend were leaving an Airbnb seven police cars showed up. The neighborhood was seemingly locked down. The police told Fyffe-Marshall and her friends to put their hands in the air, and then informed them a helicopter was tracking them. Police admitted the White female neighbor called police because the women didn’t wave to her as they were loading their luggage into the car.

WHITE MOTHER , Thomas Kanewakeron Gray and his brother Lloyd Skanahwati Gray Two First Nation Indigenous Native American brothers May 5, 2018 Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO “A White mother participating in the campus tour called 911 because she was nervous about the presence of two young men who joined the tour while it was in progress, “They’re not — definitely not — a part of the tour. Their behavior is odd and that they’re wearing “black clothing.” She said “their behavior is “just really odd” and that they are wearing dark clothing with “weird symbolism or wording on it.” One of them had his hand in his sweatshirt pocket, and she could tell they were lying when she asked one of them about what they wanted to study because the other started laughing. I think they’re Hispanic, I believe” The mother says, when asked about whether they were white males. “One of them for sure. He said he’s from Mexico. “But it actually made me like feel sick and I’ve never felt like that.”

STEVE CHRONISTER , Myneca Ojo, Sandra Thompson, Sandra Harrison, Carolyn Dow and Karen Crosby FULLY PAID MEMBERS of Grandview Golf Course April 21, 2018 Dover Township York, PA. Five African American professional women in their 50’s say white male former York County Commissioner Steve Chronister called 911 on them twice because they were golfing too slow.

LA FITNESS EMPLOYEE April 19, 2018 Secaucus, NJ Tshyrad Oates long time me LA Fitness member, with a current, valid membership . Oates signed in under the four-day guest pass to work out with a friend, a current member who was already at the gym. About 30 minutes later, the employee who signed Oates in told him he had to leave or pay. Oates reminded the employee he had already signed in with her, using the guest pass. Unaware a manager had signed in Oates’ workout partner, the employee said Oates’ workout partner was the one who didn’t pay, Oates’ workout partner told the employee he was an active member but his gym tag was in his locker. As Oates and his friend continued working out, two police officers arrived and questioned the two men about their memberships. Oates explained his guest pass, and his workout partner rescanned his gym tag. They resumed working out and 10 minutes later a manager told the two men to leave. The men told the manager they didn’t do anything wrong. He said other police officers soon arrived and also asked the two men to leave. The gym manager told Oates he had been banned from the LA Fitness and his friend’s membership “has been terminated effective immediately.”

MORRY MATSON aka ‘COUPON CARL’ July 14, 2018 Chicago, IL Ms. Hudson had tried to make a purchase with a coupon mailed to her by the product manufacturer, but CVS store manager Morry Matson ‘Coupon Carl’ (running for 48th Ward alderman and state delegate for President Donald Trump in the 2016 election and is president of the Log Cabin Republicans of Illinois) claimed it was fake. Her photo of the coupon showed a December 2018 expiration date and indicated it was good for up to $17.99 toward a personal medical item. Camila Matson identified himself to authorities before telling the police that Hudson was African-American. ‘No I’m not African-American. I’m black. Black isn’t a bad word,’ Hudson said just moments before Matson hung up the phone and retreated into his office. The manager walked away, and when she followed him “he ran to the back of the store and slammed a door in my face.” Another manager arrived to tell her to leave because he had called the police. “Police were informed that a female was inside the store threatening the staff and refusing to leave and officers responded to a call of an “assault in progress.

ERICA WALKER July 9, 2018 Chicago, IL Kevin Yates, and girlfriend, Camry Porter, said they had taken Ms. Porter’s two young godsons swimming at the pool at Riverset Apartments, where Ms. Porter lives. They said they were the only black people at the pool. Yates was watching the children play in the pool, sitting at the edge with his feet dipped in the water, when a woman identified herself as Erica Walker a property manager asked him to remove his socks because they were not “proper pool attire.” When he did not remove his socks or leave the property, she called the police. White people were wearing clothing other than swimsuits, such as hats or shirts, in the pool. “It’s not the issue with socks,” Ms. Porter said. “If socks were not to be worn, that was very well fine. The issue was we were the only one addressed.”

ADAM BLOOM aka ‘ID ADAM’ July 4, 2018 Glenridge Community Pool in Winston-Salem No. Carolina Ms. Abhulimen said she was swimming with her son when Adam Bloom ‘ID Adam’ called police on her. The Winston-Salem police released the recording of Mr. Bloom’s phone call to the authorities, in which he asserted Ms. Abhulimen was not a resident and was refusing to show identification. Police officers confirm there was no rule requiring identification at the pool. Ms. Abhulimen had a key card issued to residents allowing her to enter.

CAROLINA STEPHANIE SEBBY-STREMPEL aka “POOL PATROL PAULA” and FRIEND June 28, 2018 Summerville So. Carolina Stephanie Sebby-Strempel, a White woman, now officially known as “Pool Patrol Paula,” was caught on camera confronting and striking a 15-year-old black teen at a community pool. The woman began calling he and his friends “punks” and using “racial slurs”. Sebby-Strempel told the teenagers they “didn’t belong” at the pool and had to leave. The 15-year-old victim also told police that Sebby-Strempel followed him toward the pool exit and hit him in the face twice, which the video appears to show. Video of the incident showed her swinging her arm toward the teen as he records on his phone. She can be heard yelling “Get out! Get out,” threatening to call 911 and calling the teens “punks” Stephanie Sebby-Strempel, has been charged with one count of third-degree assault and battery and two counts of assaulting, beating or wounding a police officer while resisting arrest.

WHITE VINTAGE STORE CLERKS May 12, 2018 Williamsburg NY Nancy Bedard a Black Brooklyn lawyer and daughter were wrongly accused of shoplifting by White clerks in a vintage clothing store. Bedard picked out a bathing suit and three dresses. A dark-haired clerk told the mother and daughter to share a fitting room to try on the clothes. When they exited, a blond-haired clerk confronted the two about a fifth clothing item. “I remember counting on my fingers: ‘One, two, three, four, there is no missing item.” Bedard says she tried to step outside the shop and walk away, but the clerk continued to interrogate them about the phantom dress. “She told me to come back in the store, and I wouldn’t. I know my rights, and I didn’t.” When the dress shop worker warned a surveillance camera would have captured any theft, Bedard encouraged her to review the video. The woman instead called the cops and followed the lawyer and her daughter. The NYPD confirmed they were called with a reported “larceny in progress” at the Bedford Ave. store. When police arrived, the mother and daughter were handcuffed together and cops looked through one of their shopping bags. After finding nothing, the police uncuffed Bedard and her daughter, who had suffered bruises and cuts from the cuffs. Police confirmed the two women were accused of theft and that neither had any stolen property. The mother and daughter were taken to Woodhull Hospital, where they say police continued to shadow them. It wasn’t until 11 p.m. that police returned her driver’s license.

WHITE NEIGHBOR April 28, 2018 NYNY former White House staffer Darren Martin who worked in the White House’s Office of Legislative Affairs under President Obama, captured the encounter with NYPD officers. According to the dispatcher, a caller claimed “somebody was trying to break into the door,” with “possibly a weapon or a large tool.” Three uniformed officers began questioning Martin as he stood in the lobby of his building. Soon after, “three or four” plainclothes police officers arrive. Martin the cops unlawfully entered his unit.

BRENT AHLERS Sept. 14, 2017 a St. Catherine University security officer, shot himself. Instead of admitting to it, he allegedly blamed an imaginary Black man and lead investigators on a wild goose chase. Ahlers, a 25-year-old White man, was reportedly afraid that he would lose his job if he told the truth, so he told St. Paul, Minn., police that a black man wearing a navy blue sweatshirt with a “short Afro” shot him in a wooded area near the campus. The campus was put on lockdown while 55 officers, four K-9s and State Patrol aircraft looked for the “suspect.” Police said Ahlers told them the gun fired accidentally in the woods and he was afraid of getting fired for bringing his personal gun to work.

BREANA HARMON TALBOTT March 8, 2017 An 18-year-old Texas woman’s claim she was abducted and assaulted by 3 Black men after the bloody woman ran into a church wearing only a shirt, bra and underwear and lied about two black men raping her while a third held her down. 2 weeks later she confessed she lied. Talbott admitted she staged the crime scene She also admitted that the cuts on her body were self-inflicted.

OFFICER BRIAN EUBANKS April 11, 2017 Newcomerstown, OH. Cop Shoots Himself, Sets Off Massive Manhunt for Innocent Man, All to Collect Workers Comp. Faked being shot and then blamed the shootings on non-existent assailants. Departments statewide combed the streets looking for two men in a black Geo Tracker, one wearing a red sweatshirt and the other wearing a lime green shirt. One was in a tactical vest and they were armed with a shotgun and handguns.

WHITE RESIDENTS June 5, 2015 McKinney, Texas, called police on a group of Black high schooler’s holding a pool party, complaining about noise. One adult allegedly told the teenagers to return to “Section 8 [public] housing.” The full video shows Officer Eric Casebolt sprinting past the camera diving onto the ground and executes a superfluous combat roll. A few moments later he begins barking orders and throwing young Black men to the ground by their arms, handcuffing some of them. Officer Casebolt grabs 14 year old Black girl, Dajerria Becton and violently slams her to the ground, then sitting on the teenager, holding her by her hair while drawing his gun on two other teenagers who attempted to help. Another officer pulls Casebolt’s weapon to his side, but Casebolt doesn’t holster it. With his left arm he pushes away the officers who’ve come to deescalate the situation. Casebolt chases the boys a few steps, then returns to Dajerria Becton. “Sit your ass on the ground” Casebolt then grabs the girl by the back of the neck and smashes her face into the grass while yelling, “on your face.” He then kneels over her, with both knees into her back where he stays for much of the remaining minutes of the video. Residents later posted signs thanking the officers for “keeping us safe.”

RONALD RITCHIE August 5, 2014 Beavercreek, OH John Crawford picked up an un-packaged BB/pellet air rifle inside the store’s sporting goods section and continued shopping in the store. White customer, Ronald Ritchie, called 911. According to Ritchie at the time, Crawford was pointing the gun at people and at children walking by, and messing with the gun. Ritchie has since stated “At no point did he shoulder the rifle and point it at somebody”. Two officers arrived at the Walmart shortly after their dispatcher informed them of a “subject with a gun” in the pet supplies area of the store and Crawford was shot. The shooting was captured by the store’s security video camera. Crawford was talking on his cell phone while holding the BB/Pellet air rifle when he was killed. According to Crawford’s mother, the video shows the officers fired immediately without giving any verbal commands and without giving Crawford any time to drop the BB gun even if he had heard them. Crawford was pronounced dead.

WHITE MALE November 22, 2014, Cleveland, OH A White male called police dispatch on Tamir Rice a 12-year-old boy a black male that “keeps pulling a gun out of his pants and pointing it at people”. The caller reported that a male was pointing “a pistol” at random people in the Cudell Recreation Center. At the beginning of the call and again in the middle he says of the pistol “it’s probably fake”. Toward the end of the two-minute call, the caller stated “he is probably a juvenile”. However, this information was not relayed to officers Timothy Loehmann and Frank Garmback. The video shows a patrol car moving at high speed across the park lawn and stops abruptly by the gazebo. Loehmann immediately shoots Rice from a distance of less than 10 feet in less than 2 seconds. Another video shows Rice’s 14-year-old sister being forced to the ground, handcuffed and placed in a patrol car after she ran toward her brother about two minutes after the shooting. It also shows police waited for four minutes before providing any first aid to Rice. Tamir Rice died the following day.

RUBY BATES and VICTORIA PRICE. Nine Black teenagers known as the Scottsboro Boys were falsely accused of raping two White women in 1931: Clarence Norris, Charlie Weems, Haywood Patterson, Ozie Powell, Willie Roberson, Eugene Williams, Olen Montgomery, Andy Wright, Roy Wright. Ruby Bates proceeded to testify, and explained that no rape had occurred. She said none of the defendants had touched her or even spoken to her. When asked if she had been raped on March 25, 1931, Bates said, “No sir.” When asked why she had initially said she had been raped, Bates replied, “I told it just like Victoria Price did because she said we might have to stay in jail if we did not frame up a story after crossing a state line with men.” Bates explained Price had said “she didn’t care if all the Negroes in Alabama were put in jail.” Eight convicted defendants were assembled on April 9, 1931, and sentenced to death by electric chair. This was later overturned on an appeal but the young men spent many, many years in prison.

MARIA DALY a Massachusetts police officer’s wife in financial trouble reported her home was vandalized and burglarized in Millbury, Massachusetts, and said $10,000 in jewelry and money had been stolen. The couple’s home was also vandalized, and an acronym for the Black Lives Matter movement, BLM, was spray-painted on the house. Investigators later determined Daly had lied to police, and alleged that she committed the crime herself. Daly reportedly admitted she fabricated the story to cops and said all “stolen” item had been recovered. The police came to the conclusion that it was all fabricated. There was no intruder, there was no burglary.

RICKEY WAGONER 49 a White bus driver from Dayton, Ohio, lied when he told cops he was attacked, shot, stabbed and robbed by three Black teen attackers. told cops that two of the bullets struck a copy of “The Message,” a contemporary take on the New Testament, that the driver had stuffed into a chest pocket. Wagoner staged the attack, shooting himself in the arm and placing the Bible-like book on the asphalt before pumping two slugs into it.

LEIHA ANN-SUE ARTMAN a 25 year old Michigan woman, made up a story in 2016 implicating four Black men in a two-day kidnapping, rape and beating ordeal that never actually took place. sent her boyfriend panicked text messages in March detailing her alleged two days of torture and begging him to pay a ransom, officials said. She even included selfies of herself bound, gagged and bleeding from the head. Artman later told investigators that she had been kidnapped on March 27, when four Black men snatched her from her driveway and threw her in the truck of their car. She claimed the foursome drove her to an unknown location, where they repeatedly raped and beat her. Artman later admitted that she made the entire story up, but it’s still not clear why she lied.

JOSHUA WITT fabricated a story about having to fight off a knife-wielding Black man who attacked him for his fashy neo-Nazi haircut. Police realized Witt was lying because surveillance footage hadn’t captured his fleeing assailant, but did document Witt buying a knife in a nearby store. When confronted with the inconsistencies in his story, Witt admitted he had lied. “He was opening up the knife package in the car and he cut himself.”

MICHAEL HUSKEY age 10, along with his 7-year-old male cousin, left for school one morning in April 2016, only to return shortly after claiming a Black man with a knife had tried to abduct them. The two reportedly gave police a description of the man including his clothes (“gray hooded sweatshirt and dark pants”). Fort Mill, South Carolina, police announced a little over a week later that the boys had made up the story because they wanted to blow off school for the day.

SHERRY HALL Police shootings in Dallas and Baton Rouge in the summer of 2016 were erroneously blamed on Black Lives Matter and protesters against police violence. Georgia officer Sherry Hall saw an opportunity in the upheaval. On the night of September 13, Hall radioed in that she had nearly been killed by a bullet that had failed to pierce her chest because of her body armor. In multiple interviews with police working her case, Hall reported that the suspect was “a 6-foot, 230-pound Blackman” wearing a “green shirt and Blackjogging pants.” In an interview with a local TV news outlet, she restated all her lies, laying it on thick.

BETHANY STORRO claimed she was outside of a Vancouver, Washington, coffee shop when a Black woman threw acid in her face, shouting, “Hey pretty girl, do you want to drink this?” “I’m a nice girl and I don’t know why this happened” She told the press her nonexistent attacker “had this weirdness about her. Like jealousy, rage.” Sympathy and donations poured in for Storro after her completely made-up story became national news. She received about $28,000 from strangers, “some of which she spent on clothes, train tickets and dinners for her parents.” Storro later admitted she had rubbed drain cleaner all over her own face due to an undiagnosed mental illness.

BREANA RACHELLE HARMON 19 years old enter a Texas church and told parishioners she had just been abducted and sexually assaulted in a wooded area by three Blackmen wearing ski masks. Harmon later admitted she’d made up the story, going so far as to cut and bruise herself to dupe law enforcement, and now faces multiple felony charges for fabricating a false report. The case is part of America’s long history of racial hoaxes that have cost an unknowable number of innocent Black folks their safety, freedom and lives.

ASHLEY TODD told Pittsburgh police a 100 percent bullshit story involving a Black mugger, political junkie and body modification enthusiast. The 20-year-old student claimed that while she was using an ATM, a “six-foot-four African American of medium build, dressed in dark clothes wearing shiny shoes” put a knife to her neck and demanded money. The figment of Todd’s racist imagination might have been happy with the $60 she gave him had he not then noticed her McCain bumper sticker. Todd told authorities he became enraged and began punching and kicking her, all while yelling “you are going to be a Barack supporter.” Before he left, Todd said he carved a the letter “B”—for Barack, natch—into her cheek at an angle that made zero sense in the context of the story. Todd later admitted she made up the story and underwent court-ordered psychiatric counseling.

WALKER DAUGHERTY and MICHAEL BRYANT Texas hunting guides were leading a party in the southern part of the state near the Mexico border. The two claimed on the night of January 6, they were attacked by undocumented immigrants illegally crossing the border who attempted to steal their RV. The resulting gunfight left Daugherty 26, and another member of the group, Edwin Roberts 59 when everyone began shooting each other.

SUSAN LEIGH VAUGHAN-SMITH a 23-year-old South Carolina mother of two young boys—3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex—Smith reported in October 1994 she had been carjacked by a Black man who drove off with her sons. For eight days after the incident, which immediately became national news, Smith made numerous television appearances in which she sobbed on camera and pleaded with the fictional abductor to return her “babies.” The search for the missing children (and clues as to the location of the phantom African-American kidnapper), involved “hundreds of volunteers scoured this corner of the state”. Nine days after her sons disappeared, Smith was arrested on two counts of murder. By then she had already confessed to strapping her sons into their car seats and letting the vehicle roll slowly into John D. Long Lake.

BONNIE ANNE SWEETEN Seven times in one day, Sweeten made frantic emergency calls in which she claimed two Black men “had bumped her 2005 GMC Denali, carjacked her and stuffed her in the trunk of a dark Cadillac” along with her 9-year-old daughter. An Amber Alert was issued for the child’s recovery and a multi-state, multi-agency manhunt was undertaken to locate the two. But Sweeten’s 911 calls were actually made “from her 2005 Yukon parked on a Philadelphia street,” according to Philadelphia authorities. In the days before she launched the elaborate hoax, Sweeten had withdrawn $12,000 from multiple accounts, “borrowed” a co-worker’s driver’s license and used it to buy a flight to Orlando, where she rented a hotel room for a week. Law enforcement agents ultimately traced her to Disney World, where she was apprehended by Florida police. A subsequent investigation revealed that “Sweeten devised elaborate means to steal $640,000 from the one-lawyer firm [where she worked] and $283,000 from the retirement accounts of her first husband’s elderly grandfather.

JESSE ANDERSON After grabbing a movie and dinner at TGI Friday’s with his wife, Anderson pretended the two had been attacked in the restaurant parking lot by two Black assailants with knives. Anderson superficially stabbed himself three times in the chest to make his story more believable and stabbed his wife an astounding 21 times in the face and neck. Anderson even gave police a Los Angeles Clippers hat he claimed he’d somehow grabbed from one of his attackers. Milwaukee police doubted Anderson’s story from the start and didn’t pursue other suspects. The New York Times noted that when the news broadcast an image of the baseball cap, a Black student called police to report “a man who fit Mr. Anderson’s description” had “approached him at a shopping center and paid him $20 for it” the same day as the murder. On Aug. 13, 1992, Anderson was sentenced to life in prison (where incidentally, he was killed by Christopher Scarver, who also murdered serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer).

CHARLES STUART October 1989, Stuart claimed he and his pregnant wife Carol were driving home from a birthing class at a hospital in a Black Boston neighborhood when a Black gunman got into their car at a stoplight. Charles was shot in the stomach, Carol sustained a fatal gunshot wound to the head, and their prematurely delivered baby died 17 days later. With so much focus on a Black murderer who didn’t exist, Boston officers failed to do the basic police work that would have exposed Stuart’s guilt. There’s evidence that Charles wanted Carol to have an abortion and considered her pregnancy a “hindrance” to his entrepreneurial visions and a threat to their affluent lifestyle. He was romantically entangled with a coworker. He was the beneficiary of $300,000 in insurance money, some of which he’d already begun spending on pricey pieces of jewelry. Stuart might have gotten away with it had his brother Matthew not come forward when he realized that an innocent Black man, William Bennett, was on the verge of being jailed for the crime.

DETROIT POLICE September 2007 Detroit MI For nine years, Davontae Sanford has been incarcerated for the murder of four people at a drug house. He was just 14. Sanford lived near the scene of the murders in Detroit’s northeast side, and had been standing outside when police were looking for witnesses. They took him in, and believed he had key information. Police coerced a confession out of him for a crime he did not commit only after he had been interrogated repeatedly over the course of two days without an attorney, or even a parent, presentA hit man, already imprisoned for other murders, had given police a detailed affidavit in March 2015 saying that he was responsible for the homicides and that Sanford — who was sentenced to 37 to 90 years in prison — took no part in it.

WAL-MART LOSS-PREVENTION OFFICER October 3, 2014 Buda, Texas Juan Martinez 74, and his wife Guadalupe Martinez 69, the couple both use mobility scooters when they became separated Mrs. Martinez exited the store with unpurchased items still in her scooter’s basket. Wal-Mart security detained her on suspicion of shoplifting, leading her into an office for questioning. Juan Martinez approached the room as Guadalupe was being questioned and got into a “exchange” with the officer. The video shows Officer DemerrielYoung proceed place his hands on the older man, shoving him down, Mr. Martinez falls to the ground and lies there, screaming in pain having sustained several broken ribs among other injuries. Officer Young then stops Guadalupe from helping her prone husband. Mr. Martinez lay on the floor in agonizing pain for over five minutes while the Loss-Prevention Officer just stands unfazed by the police brutality before EMS arrived on the scene.

WHITE PARENTS Jan. 14, 2014, Fort Pierce, FL Gregory Hill Jr. was drunk after spending most of his day off from his job at Coca-Cola, listening to music in the “man cave” he had built in the garage of his home when the two sheriff’s deputies showed up. Parents picking their children up at the elementary school across the street from Hill’s home had called in a noise complaint, concerned that their kids were overhearing the expletive-laden music he had been playing. Deputies Newman and Edward Lopez, first knocked on the front door before knocking on the garage door. Hill began to open the garage door, saw the police, and began to close it again when Newman opened fire. Witnesses told investigators that the entire confrontation was over in seconds. Hill was found lying face down in a pool of blood. He had been shot in the head, abdomen and groin. After nearly two weeks of trial and 10 hours of deliberation, a jury sided with police and found Deputy Newman did nothing wrong. The jury awarded money to Hills family: $4 – a dollar for funeral costs, which was about $11,000, and another for each of Hill’s three young children, ages 13, 10 and 7. Adjusting for the blame the jury placed on Law Enforcement, the family would receive only 1 percent of the $4, or 4 cents.

OFFICER GUILLERMO RAVELO February 2014, Biscayne, FL Police Chief Atesiano told Ravelo that he wanted him to arrest Erasmus Banmah for five unsolved vehicle burglaries, despite knowing there was “no evidence” that he had committed the crimes. A couple of days later, Ravelo filled out five arrest forms falsely accusing Banmah of the vehicle burglaries at five different street locations in Biscayne Park. For each of the five burglaries, Ravelo “falsely claimed in an arrest affidavit that (Banmah) had taken him to the site of the respective burglary and confessed to the items that (he) had stolen,” they say.

POLICE CHIEF RAIMUNDO ATESIANO RAUL FERNANDEZ and CHARLIE DAYOUB Biscayne, FL 2013 Atesiano. was indicted in June along with two other former police officers, Fernandez and Dayoub, on a conspiracy charge of pinning four unsolved home burglaries on a Black 16-year-old so the chief could claim a perfect clearance rate on property crimes in 2013.

POLICE CHIEF RAIMUNDO ATESIANO January 2013 Biscayne, FL Atesiano ordered Ravelo to arrest Clarens Desrouleaux, 35, for two unsolved home break-ins. The officer signed two arrest affidavits falsely claiming that Desrouleaux “had confessed to committing the burglary

PARTY POLICEOct. 24, 2004 Milwaukee Wisconsin Frank Jude, a Black man leaving a party in a White neighborhood had been invited by another guest to attend a bachelorette party for a close friend when Jude showed up as the stripper his assistant, Lovell Harris, who is also Black and friend Kirsten Antonissen who got a call from a girlfriend inviting them to join her at a party on Milwaukee’s South Side, in a mostly white, working-class neighborhood. By the time Antonissen, Brown, Jude and Harris arrived, it was nearly two in the morning. The party had been going on for hours and there was a lot of alcohol. Brown says she remembers they “received a strange reception when they arrived. “There were probably like 30 people in the house, and everybody just stopped what they were doing and looked at us. It was a very, very uncomfortable situation.” While the two women went to the bathroom, Jude and Harris were approached by the party’s host, Andrew Spengler, an off-duty police officer. The other guests followed Spengler and stood behind him, in order to intimidate him and Harris. Antonissen said when Jude told her he was uncomfortable and asked if the host and his guests were racist, she said she didn’t know the people at the party and. suggested they leave immediately. When they walked out to go to their cars, several of the party-goers came out of the house and began walking toward them. Antonissen told Jude and Harris to get in her truck. A crowd from the party soon surrounded their truck and started shouting about a missing police badge. “‘Nobody stole a badge. Let’s call the cops.’ “That’s when they all said, ‘We are the cops; you don’t need to call the cops’. Harris was then pulled from the truck by two men uttering racial slurs, one of them sliced his cheek before he broke free and ran. Jude was also pulled out, even as he repeatedly protested he had done nothing wrong. The mob began to beat him, Brown said “just punching and kicking this guy, just constantly yelling and screaming, ‘Where’s my badge, where’s my badge?” Jude begged them to stop. There were some people standing on the side, laughing. Then they ripped Jude’s pants, and the mob demanded to know where Harris went. Jude: “They opened my legs and, you know, threatened me, and you know, ‘Nigger, where’s the nigger at? Where’s the nigger piece of shit?'” Antonissen described a gruesome scene: “I could actually see blood shooting up in the air. Frank’s whole head was covered in blood. It was just a big, huge red mess.” Jude was handcuffed, and the beating continued. The responding officer has said he was told Jude was resisting arrest and left cuffed and savagely beaten. Jude’s pants had been cut off his body. He was kicked repeatedly in the groin, his fingers were yanked back and a pen was jammed in both of his ears. The official police report on the incident blames Jude for “physically fight(ing) with … off-duty officers” who were “attempting to restrain him until uniformed squads arrived.” Both Jude and Harris — who was picked up later — were held on suspicion of theft of a police badge. But no charges were ever filed against them. An all-white jury acquitted Officers: Jon Bartlett, Daniel Masarik and Andrew Spengler of most state charges. of violating Jude’s civil rights and conspiring to assault him while acting as officers, although Six months later, federal prosecutors charged those three and Packard, as well as four others, who have pleaded guilty to similar federal charges.

WANETTA GIBSON July 8, 2002 Brian Banks was taking summer classes at his high school and left the classroom for what was supposed to be a quick call to a documentary crew preparing a feature on the rivalry with a High School when he ran into classmate Wanetta Gibson. “We met, hugged, started talking and agreed to go to an area on our campus known as a make-out area. We never had sex.” By the end of the day, Banks was in custody, accused of raping Gibson on the school’s campus. He languished in juvenile hall for an entire year before his case came up. Charged as an adult, and if found guilty, faced 41 years to life. His football dreams effectively died that summer day in the stairwell of his school. Banks still doesn’t know her reasoning for selling him down the river when she knew they never had sex and there was no DNA trace on her underwear. Maybe it was the $1.5 million she collected from the Long Beach school system, claiming it was an unsafe environment. After 18 years Banks was release and forced to register as a sex offender. Gibson wrote Banks on Facebook “I was hoping we could let bygones be bygones. I was immature back in the day, but I’m much more mature now. Let’s hang out. I’d love to see you. I’ve seen your picture on Facebook. You look real good. I would love to hook up.” Banks invited Gibson’s to the investigator’s office. They spoke with the investigator monitoring in another room. Banks wanted her to understand what she did to his life. He asked her to come back a second day to speak to the investigator. “Did he rape you? Did he kidnap you?” the investigator asked. Gibson laughed it off saying “Of course not. If he raped me, I wouldn’t be here right now. We were just young and having a good time, being curious, then all these other people got involved and blew it out of proportion.” Years later Banks was totally exonerated with the help of the California Innocence Project.

CAROLYN BRYANT 21 the White married proprietor of a small grocery store in Money in the Mississippi Delta. Emmett Louis Till was accused of flirting with or whistling at Bryant. Years later, Bryant disclosed that, in 1955, she had fabricated testimony that Till made verbal or physical advances towards her in the store. Several nights after the store incident, Bryant’s husband Roy and his half-brother J. W. Milam went armed to Till’s great-uncle’s house and abducted the boy. They took him away and beat and mutilated him before shooting him in the head and sinking his body in the Tallahatchie River. Three days later, Till’s body was discovered and retrieved from the river. Bryant and Milam admitted to Huie that they had killed Till. In an interview with Carolyn Bryant, during which she disclosed that she had fabricated the most sensational part of her testimony, she said with respect to the physical assault on her, or anything menacing or sexual, that that part isn’t true”.She also said: “nothing that boy did could ever justify what happened to him”.The 72-year-old Bryant said she could not remember the rest of the events that occurred between her and Till in the grocery store. Roy Bryant had been verbally abusive toward Carolyn, and “it was clear she was frightened of her husband”. Bryant described Milam as “domineering and brutal and not a kind man”

10 MINUTE TRIAL (October 21, 1929 – June 16, 1944), George Stiney was a 14 year old African-American convicted of murder as a result of a racially-biased and discriminatory trial in 1944 in his home town of Alcolu, South Carolina. Stinney was convicted in less than 10 minutes, during a one-day trial, by an all-White jury of the first-degree murder of two White girls: 11-year-old Betty June Binnicker and 8-year-old Mary Emma Thames. After being arrested, Stinney was said to have confessed to the crime. There was no written record of his confession apart from notes provided by an investigating deputy, and no transcript was recorded of the brief trial. After a 10 minute trial Stinney was convicted. From the time of the murders until Stinney’s execution, 83 days had passed. Stinney was declared dead within four minutes of the initial electrocution.

Indian Boarding Schools

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

This is a manual cover page from the Government and Church in 1916 on how to kidnap Indigenous children from their parents by removing their culture, language, and identity and assimilating them into the dominant culture. “The great aim of our legislation has been to do away with the tribal system and assimilate the Indian people in all respects with the other inhabitants of the Dominion as speedily as they are fit to change.” 1887 – John A McDonald. Architect of the Indian Act

The government paid religious orders to provide basic education to Native American children on reservations. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) founded additional boarding schools based on the assimilation model of the off-reservation Carlisle Indian Industrial School.

The US government wanted to destroy the identity of Indians by ripping over 100,000 children from their homes and families and put in boarding schools to be “civilized” by beating the native out of them with leather belts, whips and sticks.

Classes at Chemewa Indian School began with 18 students—14 boys and 4 girls

460 boarding and day schools had been built near reservations, most run by religious organizations with government funds. All told, more than 100,000 1st Nation Indigenous Native Americans were forced by the U.S. government to attend Christian schools where tribal languages and cultures were replaced by English and Christianity. Students were prohibited from speaking their native languages. Instead, they were supposed to converse and even think in English. If they were caught “speaking Indian” they were severely beaten with a leather belt.

Harper’s Weekly Jan. 16, 1869

Virtually imprisoned in the schools, children experienced a devastating litany of abuses, from forced assimilation and grueling labor to widespread sexual and physical abuse “where recent generations learned the fine art of standing in line single-file for hours without moving a hair, as a lesson in discipline; where our best and brightest earned graduation certificates for homemaking and masonry; where the sharp rules of immaculate living were instilled through blistered hands and knees on the floor with scouring toothbrushes; where mouths were scrubbed with lye and chlorine solutions for uttering Native words.”

The boarding schools ran on bare-bones budgets, and large numbers of students died from starvation and disease because of inadequate food and medical care. School officials routinely forced children to do arduous work to raise money for staff salaries and “leased out” students during the summers to farm or work as domestics for white families.

Indian Boarding School_19 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Indian Boarding Schools_18 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Physical hardship, however, was merely the backdrop to a systematic assault on Native culture. School staff sheared children’s hair, banned traditional clothing and customs, and forced children to worship as Christians. Eliminating Native languages — considered an obstacle to the “acculturation” process — was a top priority, and teachers devised an extensive repertoire of punishments for uncooperative children. “I was forced to eat an entire bar of soap for speaking my language,” says AIUSA activist Byron Wesley (Navajo).

Students at residential schools faced a number of hazards, from fires to experimentation, according to the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Indian Boarding School_23 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Children Who Never Came Home

Many children died while in the Indian Residential School system. Their bodies were often buried at cemeteries near the schools. Some families didn’t know (and still don’t) what happened to their children or their bodies. Many of its children died of abuse, diseases to which they had no immunity, and homesickness. Imagine being taken from your family, sent thousands of miles away, prohibited from speaking your language, and forced into a military-style existence.

#IndianChildrenSold #LetOurVoicesEcho

After the United States declared independence, American politicians quickly identified dissolution of Native American cultures as a necessary step in undermining tribal saliency and in ensuring the political dominion of state and federal governments. By the 19th century, policymakers were convinced that encouraging Indians to put aside their “savage ways” would help tribal populations achieve cultural and spiritual salvation through Christianity. In 1869, President Grant initiated a “Peace Policy” granting Christian missions contracts and federal funding to civilize and Christianize the Native American peoples of assigned reservations. The federal government established boarding schools for the children of tribal communities to teach English, Christianity, and occupational skills in order to “Kill the Indian in him and Save the Man.”

Thomas Moore Photo and bio Credit student register for the Regina Indian Industrial School, 1891 to 1908 (microfilm R-2.40, see entry No. 22): Thomas Moore was admitted to the Regina Indian Industrial School on August 26, 1891 when he was 8 years old. He was a full-blooded Indian from the Saulteaux tribe. He was from the Muscowpetung Band which is about 35 miles northeast of Regina. His full name was Thomas Moore Kusick. His father was St.(?) Paul Desjarlais (deceased) and his mother’s name was Hanna Moore Kusick. The boy was a Protestant and had previously attended Lakes End School. His state of education upon admission consisted of knowing the alphabet. His height was 3 feet, 11 inches and he weighed 54 1/2 pounds. 

Indian Boarding School_21 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Indian Boarding School_11

Above: Tom Tortino (Navajo) 1882 (left) 3 years later 1885 (right) Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Indian Boarding School_20 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Indian Boarding School_22 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Not until 1969, and after years of unequal schooling, the National Indian Education Association (NIEA) was formed to fight for equal education for 1st Nation Indigenous Native Americans.

~ Aho


1. Absentee Shawnee Boarding School, near Shawnee, Indian Territory open 1893–99
2. Albuquerque Indian School, Albuquerque, New Mexico
3. Anadarko Boarding School, Anadarko, Oklahoma open 1911–33
4. Arapaho Manual Labor and Boarding School, Darlington, Indian Territory opened in 1872 and paid with by federal funds but run by the Hicksite (Liberal) Friends and Orthodox Quakers. Moved to Concho Indian Boarding School in 1909.
5. Armstrong Academy, near Chahta Tamaha, Indian Territory
6. Asbury Manual Labor School, near Fort Mitchell, Alabama open 1822–30 by the United Methodist Missions.
7. Asbury Manual Labor School, near Eufaula, Creek Nation, Indian Territory, open 1850–88 by the United Methodist Missions.
8. Bacone College, Muscogee, Oklahoma, 1881–present
9. Bloomfield Female Academy, originally near Achille, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. Opened in 1848 but relocated to Ardmore, Oklahoma around 1917 and in 1934 was renamed Carter Seminary.
10. Bond’s Mission School or Montana Industrial School for Indians, run by Unitarians, Crow Indian Reservation near Custer Station, Montana, 1886–97
11. Burney Institute, near Lebanon, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1854–87 when name changed to Chickasaw Orphan Home and Manual Labor School and operated by the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
12. Cameron Institute, Cameron, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1893–early 20th century, was operated by the Presbyterian Church
13. Cantonment Indian Boarding School, Canton, Indian Territory run by the General Conference Mennonites from September, 1882 to 1 July 1927
14. Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, open 1879–1918
15. Carter Seminary, Ardmore, Oklahoma 1917–2004 when the facility moved to Kingston, Oklahoma and was renamed the Chickasaw Children’s Village.
16. Chamberlain Indian School, Chamberlain, South Dakota
17. Chemawa Indian School, Salem, Oregon
18. Cherokee Female Seminary, Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory open 1851–1910
19. Cherokee Male Seminary, Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory open 1851–1910
20. Cherokee Orphan Asylum, Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory opened in 1871
21. Cheyenne-Arapaho Boarding School, Darlington, Indian Territory opened 1871 became the Arapaho Manual Labor and Boarding School in 1879
22. Cheyenne Manual Labor and Boarding School, Caddo Springs, Indian Territory, opened 1879 and paid with by federal funds, but run by the Hicksite (Liberal) Friends and Orthodox Quakers. Moved to Concho Indian Boarding School in 1909.
23. Chickasaw (male) Academy, near Tishomingo, Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma Opened in 1850 by the Methodist Episcopal Church and changed its name to Harley Institute around 1889.
24. Chickasaw Children’s Village, on Lake Texoma near Kingston, Oklahoma opened 2004
25. Chickasaw National Academy, near Stonewall, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory Open about 1865 to 1880
26. Chickasaw Orphan Home and Manual Labor School (formerly Burney Academy) near Lebanon, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1887–1906
27. Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, Chilocco, Oklahoma, open 1884–1980
28. Chinle Boarding School, Many Farms, Arizona
29. Choctaw Academy, Blue Spring, Scott County, Kentucky opened 1825
30. Chuala Female Seminary (also known as the Pine Ridge Mission School), near Doaksville, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1838–61 by the Presbyterian Church
31. Circle of Nations Indian School , Wahpeton, North Dakota
32. Colbert Institute, Perryville, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1852–57 by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
33. Collins Institute, near Stonewall, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory Open about 1885 to 1905
34. Concho Indian Boarding School, Concho, Oklahoma open 1909–83
35. Creek Orphan Asylum, Okmulgee, Creek Nation, Indian Territory opened 1895
36. Darlington Mission School, Darlington, Indian Territory run by the General Conference Mennonites from 1881 to 1902
37. Dwight Mission, Marble City, Oklahoma
38. Elliott Academy (formerly Oak Hill Industrial Academy), near Valliant, Oklahoma, 1912–36
39. El Meta Bond College, Minco, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory, open 1890–1919
40. Emahaka Mission, Wewoka, Seminole Nation, Indian Territory open 1894–1911
41. Euchee Boarding School, Sapulpa, Creek Nation, Indian Territoryopen 1894–1947
42. Eufaula Dormitory, Eufaula, Oklahoma name changed from Eufaula High School in 1952. Still in operation
43. Eufaula Indian High School, Eufaula, Creek Nation, Indian Territory replaced the burned Asbury Manual Labor School. Open in 1892–1952, when the name changed to Eufaula Dormitory
44. Flandreau Indian School, South Dakota
45. Folsom Training School, near Smithville, Oklahoma open 1921–32, when it became an all-white school
46. Fort Bidwell School, Fort Bidwell, California
47. Fort Coffee Academy, Fort Coffee, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory Open 1840–63 and run by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
48. Fort Shaw Indian School, Fort Shaw, Montana
49. Fort Sill Indian School (originally known as Josiah Missionary School), near Fort Sill, Indian Territoryopened in 1871 by the Quakers, remained open until 1980
50. Fort Totten Indian Industrial School, Fort Totten, North Dakota Boarding and Indian Industrial School in 1891–1935. Became a Community and Day School from 1940 to 1959. Now a Historic Site run by the State Historic Society of North Dakota.
51. Genoa Indian Industrial School, Genoa, Nebraska
52. Goodland Academy & Indian Orphanage, Hugo, Oklahoma
53. Greenville School, California
54. Hampton Institute, began accepting Native students in
55. Harley Institute, near Tishomingo, Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma Prior to 1889 was known as the Chickasaw Academy and was operated by the Methodist Episcopal Church until 1906.
56. Haskell Indian Industrial Training School, Lawrence, Kansas, 1884–present
57. Hayward Indian School, Hayward, Wisconsin
58. Hillside Mission School, near Skiatook, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory open 1884–1908 by the Quakers
59. Holbrook Indian School, Holbrook, Arizona
60. Ignacio Boarding School, Colorado
61. Iowa Mission School, near Fallis, Iowa Reservation, Indian Territory open 1890–93 by the Quakers
62. Intermountain Indian School, Utah
63. Jones Academy, Hartshorne, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory/Oklahoma] Opened in 1891
64. Koweta Mission School Coweta, Creek Nation, Indian Territory open 1843–61
65. Levering Manual Labor School, Wetumka, Creek Nation, Indian Territory Open 1882–91, operated by the Southern Baptist Convention.
66. Many Farms High School, near Many Farms, Arizona
67. Marty Indian School, Marty, South Dakota
68. Mekasukey Academy, near Seminole, Seminole Nation, Indian Territory open 1891–1930
69. Morris Industrial School for Indians, Morris, Minnesota, open 1887–1909
70. Mount Edgecumbe High School, Sitka, Alaska, established as a BIA school, now operated by the State of Alaska
71. Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 1893–1934
72. Murray State School of Agriculture, Tishomingo, Oklahoma, est. 1908
73. Nenannezed Boarding School, New Mexico
74. New Hope Academy, Fort Coffee, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory Open 1844–96 and run by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
75. Nuyaka School and Orphanage (Nuyaka Mission, Presbyterian), Okmulgee, Creek Nation, Indian Territory, 1884–1933
76. Oak Hill Industrial Academy, near Valliant, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory Open 1878–1912 by the Presbyterian Mission Board. The Choctaw freedmen’s academy was renamed as the Elliott Academy (aka Alice Lee Elliott Memorial Academy) in 1912.
77. Oak Ridge Manual Labor School, near Holdenville Indian Territory in the Seminole Nation. Open 1848–60s by the Presbyterian Mission Board.
78. Oklahoma Presbyterian College for Girls, Durant, Oklahoma
79. Oklahoma School for the Blind, Muskogee, Oklahoma
80. Oklahoma School for the Deaf, Sulphur, Oklahoma
81. Oneida Indian School, Wisconsin
82. Osage Boarding School, Pawhuska, Osage Nation, Indian Territory open 1874–1922
83. Park Hill Mission School, Park Hill Indian Territory/Oklahoma opened 1837
84. Pawnee Boarding School, Pawnee, Indian Territory, open 1878–1958
85. Phoenix Indian School, Phoenix, Arizona
86. Pierre Indian School, Pierre, South Dakota
87. Pine Ridge Boarding School, Pine Ridge, South Dakota
88. Pine Ridge Mission School, near Doaksville, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory see Chuala Female Seminary
89. Pinon Boarding School, Pinon, Arizona
90. Pipestone Indian School, Pipestone, Minnesota
91. Quapaw Industrial Boarding School, Quapaw Agency Indian Territory open 1872–1900
92. Rainy Mountain Boarding School, near Gotebo, Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Reservation, Indian Territory, open 1893–1920
93. Rapid City Indian School, Rapid City, South Dakota
94. Red Moon School, near Hammon, Indian Territory open 1897–1922
95. Riverside Indian School, Anadarko, Oklahoma open 1871–present
96. Sac and Fox Boarding School, near Stroud, Indiant Territory, open 1872–1919 by the Quakers
97. Sacred Heart College, near Asher, Potowatamie Nation, Indian Territory open 1884–1902
98. Sacred Heart Institute, near Asher, Potowatamie Nation, Indian Territory open 1880–1929
99. St. Agnes Academy, Ardmore, Oklahoma
100. St. Agnes Mission, Antlers, Oklahoma
101. St. Boniface Indian School, Banning, California
102. St. Elizabeth’s Boarding School, Purcell, Oklahoma
103. St. John’s Boarding School, Gray Horse, Osage Nation, Indian Territory open 1888–1913 and operated by the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions
104. St. Joseph’s Boarding School, Chickasha, Oklahoma
105. St. Mary’s Academy, near Asher, Potowatamie Nation, Indian Territory open 1880–1946
106. St. Louis Industrial School, Pawhuska, Osage Nation, Indian Territory open 1887–1949 and operated by the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions
107. St. Mary’s Boarding School, Quapaw Agency Indian Territory/Oklahoma open 1893–1927
108. St. Patrick’s Mission and Boarding School, Anadarko, Indian Territory open 1892–1909 by the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions. It was rebuilt and called the Anadarko Boarding School.
109. San Juan Boarding School, New Mexico
110. Santa Fe Indian School, Santa Fe, New Mexico
111. Sasakwa Female Academy, Sasakwa, Seminole Nation, Indian Territory open 1880–92 and run by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
112. Seger Indian Training School, Colony, Indian Territory
113. Seneca, Shawnee, and Wyandotte Industrial Boarding School, Wyandotte, Indian Territory
114. Sequoyah High School, Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory
115. Shawnee Boarding School, near Shawnee, Indian Territory, open 1876–1918
116. Shawnee Boarding School, Shawnee, Oklahoma open 1923–61
117. Sherman Indian High School, Riverside, California
118. Shiprock Boarding School, Shiprock, New Mexico
119. Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico
120. Spencer Academy (sometimes referred to as the National School of the Choctaw Nation), near Doaksville, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1842–1900
121. Springfield Indian School, Springfield, South Dakota
122. Stewart Indian School, Carson City, Nevada
123. Sulphur Springs Indian School, Pontotoc County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1896–98
124. Theodore Roosevelt Indian Boarding School, founded in 1923 in buildings of the U.S. Army’s closed Fort Apache, Arizona, as of 2016 still in operation as a tribal school
125. Thomas Indian School, near Irving, New York
126. Tomah Indian School, Wisconsin
127. Tullahassee Mission School, Tullahassee, Creek Nation, Indian Territory opened 1850 burned 1880
128. Tullahassee Manual Labor School, Tullahassee, Creek Nation, Indian Territory open 1883–1914 for Creek Freedmen
129. Tushka Lusa Institute (later called Tuska Lusa or Tushkaloosa Academy), near Talihina, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory opened 1892 for Choctaw Freedmen
130. Tuskahoma Female Academy, Lyceum, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1892–1925
131. Wahpeton Indian School, Wahpeton, North Dakota, 1904–93. In 1993 its name was changed to Circle of Nations School and came under tribal control. Currently open.
132. Wapanucka Academy (also sometimes called Allen Academy), near Bromide, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory Open 1851–1911 by the Presbyterian Church.
133. Wealaka Mission School Wealaka, Indian Territory open 1882–1907
134. Wewoka Mission School, (also known as Ramsey Mission School) near Wewoka, Seminole Nation, Indian Territory Open 1868–80 by the Presbyterian Mission Board.
135. Wheelock Academy, Millerton, Oklahoma closed 1955
136. White’s Manual Labor Institute, Wabash, Indiana Open 1870–95 and operated by the Quakers
137. White’s Manual Labor Institute, West Branch, Iowa, open 1881–87
138. Wetumka Boarding School, Wetumka, Creek Nation, Indian Territory Levering Manual Labor School transferred from the Baptists to the Muscogee (Creek) Nation in 1891 and they changed the name to the Wetumka Boarding School. Operated until 1910.
139. Wittenberg Indian School, Wittenberg, Wisconsin
140. Yellow Springs School, Pontotoc County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory open 1896–1905


Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (

Zoot Suit Riots of Los Angeles

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

For several days in June 1943, uniformed members of the U.S. armed forces rioted throughout

Sailors, soldiers, and marines with wooden clubs during the Zoot

The L.A. Zoot Suit Riots of 1943 were a targeted attack on Mexican and nonwhite youths

Soldiers display pieces of the zoot suits they tore from Mexican American men during the Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles on June 9, 1943.

June 3, 1943
Contrary to popular opinion the “Tacuche” Zoot Suit did not start out in the Mexican community as rebellious acts against society. Friday’s brought an end to long hours toiling at menial jobs and what better way to start the weekend off than by getting cleaned up, stepping into a jazzy ensemble and hanging out with the Eses’. Chicano’s were classy dressers and going to a party or the club was a perfect stage to show off their slick machismo style. The Zoot Suit was the quintessential garment; high waist pants and boxy, roomy coats were flattering, as well as comfortable; the flowing look of the suit was unmistakably flashy on the dance floor giving the appearance of more substance; maybe even help getting some play from the chica’s.

Zoot Suit Riots, Zoot Suits, Los Angeles, Pachucos, Pachucas

However, the humble parents and elder familia weren’t quite as enamored by the ostentatious and flamboyant zoot suit considering them garish and bringing unwanted attention to the many anti-Mexican middle-class White Los Angelino’s. Soldiers and sailors resented zoot suiters due to the numerous yards of fabric it took to tailor them. Those who wore zoot suits were considered wasteful, unpatriotic and committing a criminal act in opposition to the code of rationing. The servicemen justified their racism as expressions of loyalty and allegiance to the war effort, judging the zoot-suited Chicano’s as un-American.

The unwarranted attacks against zoot suiters by servicemen, aided by the manipulation of media generated the impression the majority of crime was committed by zoot-suited gangsters. What originally began as a fashion statement evolved into symbols of defiance, resistance and violence. However what one must remember is the zoot suit wasn’t a Halloween costume, it was an expression of being hip, cool, suave and sophisticated; the zoot suit in and of itself was a form of politicizing independence and the homogenization of American and Mexican culture communicating freedom, confidence and self-determination.

Zoot Suiters Looking Cool

#LetOurVoicesEcho #SleepyLagoon #Incarceration #RacismThe “Sleepy Lagoon Murder” was the name Los Angeles newspapers used to describe the death of José Gallardo Díaz, who was discovered unconscious and dying on a road near a swimming hole (known as the Sleepy Lagoon) in Commerce, California, on the morning of August 2, 1942. Diaz was taken by ambulance to Los Angeles County General Hospital, where he died shortly afterward, without regaining consciousness. The hospital’s autopsy showed he was inebriated from a party the previous night and had a fracture at the base of his skull. This might have been caused by repeated falls or an automobile accident. The cause of his death remains a mystery to this day. However, Los Angeles Police were quick to arrest 17 Mexican-American youths as suspects. Despite insufficient evidence, the young men were held in prison, without bail, on charges of murder. The trial ended on January 13, 1943, under the supervision of Judge Charles W. Fricke. In 30 years on the bench, Judge Charles W. Fricke reputedly sentenced more criminals to death than any of his colleagues and presided over some of the flashiest cases in Los Angeles. Judge Fricke ruled he didn’t think the boys should have their hairstyle changed” since this would “make it difficult for prosecution witnesses to identify them.” It makes me wonder if having a hairstyle, with its association to the zoot suiter’s and lawlessness, was all it took to end up in jail for murder in 1943.

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism #SleepyLagoon #JoseDiaz1942

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism #SleepyLagoon 3

Mexican Americans arrested after Zoot Suit Riots, 1943

According to White people “They all look alike anyway”, so let’s go back to the beginning; “Mexican’s, who cares, so what”… Within a couple of weeks the Grand Jury was presented with statistics by the sheriff’s dept. According to the report; data gradually increased from a sympathetic angle and escalated to downright racial bias creating a parallel of Latino ancestors crossing the ice bridge from Asia to North America; in essence, drawing the conclusion Mexican’s were cousins to those dirty Japanese who attacked Pearl Harbor. “The Indian, from Alaska to Patagonia, is evidently Oriental in background – at least he shows many of the Oriental characteristics, especially so in his utter disregard for the value of life.”

It’s estimated between 300 and 400 people were arrested but police narrowed their investigation down to 40 members of the 38th Street group. Eighteen were able to retain private representations and acquitted, however, the other 22 defendants were forced to depend on a mere 7 attorney amongst them who weren’t allowed to confer with their clients. Talk about hitting the jackpot…

Nine of the defendants were convicted of second-degree murder and sentenced to serve time in San Quentin Prison. The rest of the suspects were charged with lesser offenses and incarcerated in the Los Angeles County Jail. In October 1944, the state Court of Appeals unanimously decided the evidence was not sufficient to sustain a guilty verdict. It reversed the 12 defendants’ convictions in People v Zammora 66 Cal.App.2d 166. The appeals court also criticized the trial judge, Judge Fricke for his bias and mishandling of the case which is considered a precursor to the Zoot Suit Riots of 1943.

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism #SleepyLagoon

The Sleepy Lagoon Murder case was built on deliberate bad faith police manipulation; severely beating defendants into giving false confessions, irreparable misidentification by so-called witnesses and the balance of unethical suggestiveness from the prosecutor and sheriff’s dept.

When arrests have progressed through the judicial system to the point which the accused is actually brought to trial, the natural inclination is to believe the defendant committed the crime. Why else would they be on trial? So rather than the presumption-of-innocence, the 22 were tried on the presumption-of-guilt.

The premise of this sentence is zoot suiters are the ones who are supposed to be taught in this fight. It implies xenophobic mindset towards the Latinos because even if servicemen lost a battle overseas, the journalists would not describe it as “learn a lesson”.

#LetOurVoicesEcho #ZootSuitRiots 12

Pachucas being arrested during Zoot Suit Riots.

Migrant workers from Mexico were wanted when business was good but were expected to return to Mexico the moment the economy began to falter. The Mexican’s knew if they were willing to work harder, not challenge the political, social, or economic system they could survive in the U.S. although their standard of living would be less than that of the Whites.

The media characterized Mexican’s as simpleminded, gangster delinquents who openly defied US values and customs; the rational being “Mexican Americans had inherited their `naturally violent′ tendencies from the bloodthirsty Aztecs′ of Mexico who were said to have practiced human sacrifice centuries ago” and “would forever retain wild and violent tendencies no matter how much education or training he might receive. What the press neglected to inform the public was between 250,000 and 500,000 Hispanic Americans served in the Armed Forces comprising 2.3% to 4.7% of the Army.

The press having condoned the attacks ignored the fact most of the zoot suit defendants held down ordinary working class jobs and the servicemen who attacked them were deemed heroes both here and abroad. Racial profiling isn’t a new thing nor is the theory of; does it matter who goes to jail as long as we convict someone, anyone…

Interestingly enough, after Japan formally surrendered Sept. 2, 1945 and the US began the recuperation process “Large double breasted baggy suits with high waists, pleated trousers and wide brim hats returned to fashion just as they were in the 1930’s but now with a taste of the zoot in them as well.”


Mexican-Americans Risked Their Lives Wearing Zoot Suits | History Of | Racked

The Zoot Suit Riots: A Race Issue

How Anti-Mexican Racism in L.A. Caused the Zoot Suit Riots | History

The Zoot Suit Riots


Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (