Video Archive ~ Standing Rock

Kristeen Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

HIGHLIGHTED LINKS UNDERLINED IN BLUE ARE EMBEDDED LINKS TO NEWS SOURCES. CLICKING OPENS THE FULL ARTICLE IN A NEW TAB.

LINKS BELOW ARE TO LEGITIMATE UNCUT VIDEOS DIRECT FROM THE WATER PROTECTORS AT THE CAMPS as well as ESTABLISHED INDEPENDENT NEWS SOURCES ON THE FRONTLINES. UNCUT REAL STORIES, AVOIDING THE IMPERSONALITY, HEAVILY EDITED LIES, DISINFORMATION AND MEDIA BLACKOUT OF THE MAINSTREAM NETWORKS.

Jan. 1st – 8th 2017 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1In
Dec. 26 – 31, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1Ik
Dec. 19 – 25, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1F3
Dec. 12 – 18, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1DY
Dec. 5 – 11, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1Av
Nov. 28 – Dec. 4, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1w6
Nov. 20-27, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1sG
Nov. 16-19, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1vI
Nov. 11-15, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1p5
Nov. 1-10, 2016 You Tube Video’s ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1cM
YouTube VIDEO’S #NODAPL – OCT. 26 -31, 2016
http://wp.me/P6lD99-18j
You Tube VIDEO’S #NoDAPL – Oct. 16 – 25, 2016
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1yf
YouTube VIDEO’S #NoDAPL – OCT. 1-15, 2016
http://wp.me/P6lD99-Ye
You Tube VIDEO’s Sept. 2016
http://wp.me/P6lD99-Tk
YouTube VIDEO’S #NoDAPL – Mar. 24 – Aug. 31, 2016
http://wp.me/P6lD99-U2
SACRED STONE CAMP VIDEOS
https://www.facebook.com/SacredStoneCamp/videos
UNIRORN RIOT VIDEOS
http://tinyurl.com/glrjwv9
DIGITAL SMOKE SIGNALS
http://www.digitalsmokesignals.com/
INDIGENOUS ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK
https://www.facebook.com/ienearth/?hc_ref=NEWSFEED
INDIGENOUS LIFE MOVEMENT
https://www.facebook.com/IndigenousLifeMovement/

There are 1,500 newspapers, 1,100 magazines, 9,000 radio stations, 1,500 TV stations, 2,400 publishers. Rupert Murdoch, Sumner Redstone & Sulzberger own the “Big Six” which equals 90% of all media; GE – NEWS CORP – DISNEY – VIACOM _ TIME WARNER and CBS; these corporations control everything you view on mainstream media.

reporter
  INDEX
 
 
 
News Articles and Updates ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-17T
2016 Video Archive
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1fI
How You Can Help Standing Rock? #NODAPL
http://wp.me/P6lD99-VG
Standing Rock history
http://standingrock.org/history/
Without Water We Can Not Exist
http://wp.me/P6lD99-N4
Stories from the Frontlines ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1dE
Atrocities at Standing Rock and Police Weaponry
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1ac
Trusted News Sources ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1i6

Video’s #NoDAPL – Oct. 26 -31, 2016

Kristeen Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe
reporter
  INDEX
 
 
 
News Articles and Updates ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-17T
Nov. 2016 You Tube Video’s
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1cM
2016 You Tube Video Archive
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1fI
How You Can Help Standing Rock? #NODAPL
http://wp.me/P6lD99-VG
Standing Rock history
http://standingrock.org/history/
Without Water We Can Not Exist
http://wp.me/P6lD99-N4
Stories from the Frontlines ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1dE
Atrocities at Standing Rock and Police Weaponry
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1ac
Trusted News Sources ~ Standing Rock
http://wp.me/P6lD99-1i6

10-31-16 ~ Standing Rock: Dallas Goldtooth on Suspicious Fire Near Resistance Camp & Repression of Movement

10-31-16 ~ Anonymous #NoDAPL North Dakota Access Pipeline – History Repeats Itself

10-31-16 ~ Dua Nasri at Standing Rock Camp | HolisticWomanhood – HOLISTIC WOMANHOOD

10-31-16 ~ Did a DAPL Security Worker Wielding an AR-15 Rifle Try to Infiltrate Native Water Protectors?

10-31-16 ~ #NODAPL FRONTLINES UPDATE 10.31.16 _ xBLACKxOPSxSECRETSx

10-31-16 ~ Standing Rock Progressive Stands Up To Oil Thirsty GOP – TYT Politics

10-31-16 ~ “Standing with Standing Rock” Hug Nation 10.31.16 – John Halcyon Styn

10-31-16 ~ DAPL 10/28 – Injustice “They Shot one of our children” Elder Speaks – AnonymousXenc

10-31-16 ~ The Anonymous Revelead The Fact Behind DAPL (Dakota Access Pipeline) – Suara Dunia

10-31-16 ~ Anonymous #NoDAPL North Dakota Access Pipeline – History Repeats Itself

10-31-16 ~ Standing Rock Progressive Stands Up To Oil Thirsty GOP

10-31-16 ~ Is ‘White People TV’ Hiding Coverage of Standing Rock? – thomhartmann

10-31-16 ~ 130,000 Use Social Media To Get Around The Media Blackout of Standing Rock!

10-31-16 ~ DAPL Blackout by CNN and Solidarity with Standing Rock Sioux

10-31-16 ~ Patricio Dominguez Interview – Courtni Hale

10-31-16 ~ Chelsea Clinton’s EPIC Dodge of Dakota Access Pipeline Question

10-30-16 ~ Eagle Lands On Standing Rock, Allows Water Protectors To Touch Him

10-30-16 ~ Things You Need To Know About the Dakota Access Pipeline Protests – Gary Lite

10-30-16 ~ NODAPL – 10/30 Update & Clarification

10-30-16 ~ We stand together. From Mauna Kea to Standing Rock. We are united

10-30-16 ~ Standing Rock, North Dakota Pipeline Action Most Media Won’t Cover! – World Reality News

10-30-16 ~ No DAPL – wkhiram

10-30-16 ~ Myron Dewey update DAPL – J Grady

10-30-16 ~ Standing Rock, North Dakota Pipeline Action Most Media Won’t Cover!

10-30-16 ~ NODAPL – 10/30 Update & Clarification – We Are The Media Kandi Mossett

10-30-16 ~ An estimated 30 Jingle Dress dancers took to the front line at Standing Rock on Saturday

10-30-16 ~ Staging the Scene at Standing Rock – Wanderer News

10-30-16 ~ DAKOTA ACCESS PIPELAND: Standing Rock Protests – Edward Briody

10-30-16 ~ Staging the Scene at Standing Rock – Wanderer News

10-30-16 ~ The United Nations just made a major announcement on the Dakota Access Pipeline – Celebrity News

10-30-16 ~ sunday night update- Lolly Be Healing

10-29-16 ~ Chris Hemsworth Posts Support For Standing Rock Protest – Wochit Entertainment

10-29-16 ~ Standing Rock Buffalo Stampede – HastenHisComing

10-29-16 ~ Standing Rock NODAPL Update – 10/29 – We Are The Media Kandi Mossett

10-29-16 ~ Happening now in North Dakota oil Pipeline – Across Globe

10-29-16 ~ Happening now in North Dakota oil Pipeline – Across the Globe

10-29-16 ~ #NoDAPL Drive to Camp and Walk to Frontlines

10-29-16 ~ #NoDAPL Drive to Camp and Walk to Frontlines

10-29-16 ~ #NODAPL Press Conference For The People! Sioux and Cheyenne River Tribe Discuss Events ~ xBLACKxOPSxSECRETSx

10-29-16 ~ Water protectors “caged in dog kennels” after arrests

10-29-16 ~ POLICE USE MICROWAVE WEAPONS ON DAPL PROTESTORS

10-29-16 ~ POLICE USE MICROWAVE WEAPONS ON DAPL PROTESTORS

10-29-16 ~ Anonymous Message to North Dakota Governor Jack Dalrymple

10-29-16 ~ #NoDapl Update – Uprising TV

10-29-16 ~ Police Are Shooting Down Aerial Drones Over Standing Rock – The Real News

10-29-16 ~ Jordan GOES OFF On Media’s FALSE Standing Rock Coverage – TYT Politics

10-29-16 ~ Healing Dance on 2nd bridge-Standing Rock – Native Mama

10-28-16 ~ Raw Footage at Standing Rock – Jennifer Minor

10-28-16 ~ STANDING ROCK by TREVOR HALL [trillion remix & rap & video re edit] featuring Atsa E’sha Hoferer

10-28-16 ~ Myron Dewey with Erin Wise, gives update of last 2 days from Standing Rock

10-28-16 ~ Medics shot by police and arrested

10-28-16 ~ BREAKING WEB EXCLUSIVE: Watch Police Attack Unarmed Standing Rock #NoDAPL Water Protectors!

10-28-16 ~ DAPL Pipeline Protesters & Bundy Brothers at Malheur – Media Hypocrisy – Junius Maltby

10-28-16 ~ Watch as DAPL employee endangers lives

10-28-16 ~ Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Chair: DOJ Must Investigate Use of Force Against #DAPL Resistance

10-28-16 ~ Park City Television: Standing Rock

“A Shameful Moment for This Country”: Report Back on Militarized Police Raid of DAPL Resistance Camp

10-28-16 ~ Standing Rock Protesters Report Wild Buffalo Sighting

10-28-16 ~ Prayer for Humanity – Standing Rock Pipeline

10-28-16 ~ DAPL Drone Footage Standing Rock

10-28-16 ~ Indigenous grandmother confronts MCSD

10-28-16 ~ Police Attack NoDAPL Protesters At Standing Rock

10-28-16 ~ More Journalists Arrested at Standing Rock

10-28-16 ~ FRONTLINES UPDATE #NODAPL SNIPERS IN USE ~ xBLACKxOPSxSECRETSx

10-28-16 ~ Border Patrol Is Bribed By Dapl And Are Now Paid Mercenaries – TheTruthNetwork

10-28-16 ~ POLICE USE MICROWAVE WEAPONS ON DAPL PROTESTORS – RichieFromBoston

10-27-16 ~ WOW! Police are starting to remove #NoDAPL protesters near Cannon Ball, ND – WOW Videos

10-27-16 ~ Documentary Filmmaker Josh Fox Demands Justice at Standing Rock – truthdig

10-27-16 ~ Police Violently Clearing Dakota Access Pipeline Protesters – TheRealNews

10-27-16 ~ Police got violent with Native Americans protecting their land at the Dakota Access Pipeline #NoDAPL – Worldwide Trends https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z4XR2XyTCmc

10-27-16 ~ Dakota Access Pipeline Protest ~ Scott Hennen

10-27-16 ~ More Tribes step forward with support Standing Rock North Dakota

10-27-16 ~ DAPL South Camp Horse is shot

10-27-16 ~ ND Pipeline Fight Please DO Something It takes ALL of US!

10-27-16 ~ Jihan Hafiz Reports on the Brutal Police Crackdown at Standing Rock

10-27-16 ~ Myron Dewey at Standing Rock Protest

10-27-16 ~ Police Violently Clearing Dakota Access Pipeline Protesters

10-27-16 ~ Police Violently Clearing Dakota Access Pipeline Protesters

10-27-16 ~ Standing Rock Dakota Camp – 330-400pm – Eagleman #NoDAPL

10-27-16 ~ Standing Rock – 230-300pm Dakota Camp – RoseStiffarm #NoDAPL

10-27-16 ~ North Dakota pipeline protest NO DAPL which law enforcement is attempting to clear

10-27-16 ~ #NoDAPL: Police Use Shotgun Bean Bags, Tear Gas On Standing Rock Water Protectors

10-27-16 ~ Buffalo come to support water protectors

10-27-16 Standing Rock Buffalo Nation Stampede

10-27-16 ~ Thousands of Wild Buffalo Appear Out of Nowhere at Standing Rock

10-27-16 Standing Rock

10-27-16 ~ Anonymous Don’t Be Deceived By Global Religion Pt 2 – History Repeats Itself

10-27-16 ~ Unarmed Riders and horses shot at by police

10-27-16 ~ Water Protectors attacked on tribal land by police

10-27-16 ~ DAPL employee shoots at water protectors

10-27-16 ~ Cops assaulting water protectors @ Standing Rock 10.27.16 | Atsa E’sha Hoferer | #NoDAPL

10-27-16 ~ #NoDAPL Police Use Shotgun Bean Bags, Tear Gas On Standing Rock Water Protectors

10-27-2016 ~ All hells breaking loose in cannonball ND #NODAPL water protectors – Police Jamming Signals

10-27-16 ~ MARTIAL LAW confirmation: US GOV’T confiscates NATIONAL GUARD HELICOPTERS from All 50 States!

10-27-16 ~ Authorities from seven states have been called in to remove Dakota Access Pipeline Water Protectors

10-27-16 ~ Dakota Access Pipeline Standoff Escalates

10-27-16 ~ Police Violently Clearing Dakota Access Pipeline Protesters

10-27-16 From Standing Rock: ‘They Have Us Surrounded!’ (w/Guest: Kandi Mossett)

10-26-16 ~ Standing Rock – A look at the Camps and Barricades – Unicorn Riot – 102516 – Valley Forge Network

10-26-16 ~ Myron Dewey at Standing Rock Protest, 26 Oct 2016

10-26-16 ~ LAWRENCE O’DONNELL Native American Genocide – plus – STANDING ROCK Dakota Access Pipeline VIDEO

10-26-16 ~ Arrows Fired at Helicopter?! / Standing Rock / No DAPL

10-26-16 ~ THIS LAND – Jesse Jackson at Standing Rock

10-26-16 ~ Myron Dewey at Standing Rock Protest

Rev. Jackson and the Hulk Stand with Standing Rock

10-26-16 Safety’s Not on the Menu / Standing Rock / No DAPL

10-26-16 ~ 80 Arrested/More Propaganda/Standing Rock/NoDAPL

10-26-16 ~ Water Protector Rally / Oct. 29th / Bismarck, ND / No DAPL

10-26-16 ~ Infamous Dog Handlers: NOT LICENSED! / Standing Rock / No DAPL

10-26-16 ~ Myron Dewey at Standing Rock Protest

10-26-16 ~ Peaceful Prayer Against Pipeline Met with Police Violence and Mass Arrests

10-26-16 ~ Frontlines of Standing Rock – Dakota Access Pipeline

Wake Up amerikkka

Thank you Rudy TwoMoon
Lady2Soothe

Wake up 2

To keep America great you must be racist….you must promote slavery, either of self, others or both. You must support segregation in some form and genocide in another. To keep America great you must allow a conquering people to educate your children and mold them into their image. If you can’t mold them into your image you must force them to believe they are substandard, less than. To keep America great, you have to endorse destruction of land and ownership of water. You have to accept some are above and others are below. You have to accept an immoral unjust system to use violent force against those who oppose any ideal which made amerikkka great in the first place. To keep amerikkka great you must use segregation to cultivate peace with violence. You must use nationalism and fear to remain in control. To keep amerikkka great you must create a ruling class who decides which form of education you are ALLOWED to know and what is an acceptable way to combat the ruling class based on their rules, in their game on their timeline in their jurisdictions, codes and regulations. This is known as democracy. This is its real definition. So when you vote, you don’t vote for a human who is different from another, you vote for a new owner who not only controls your actions and circumstances, but your entire mind. Your vote only means you accept this contract of your mind, body and spirit to be governed and controlled by an entity who doesn’t care if you live or die.

Wake up

Wake up 3

If you wish to keep slaves, you must have all kinds of guards. The cheapest way to have guards is to have the slaves pay taxes to finance their own guards. To fool the slaves, you tell them that they are not slaves and that they have Freedom. You tell them they need Law and Order to protect them against bad slaves. Then you tell them to elect a Government. Give them Freedom to vote and they will vote for their own guards and pay their salary. They will then believe they are Free persons. Then give them money to earn, count and spend and they will be too busy to notice the slavery they are in.
~ Alexander Warbucks

Pigmentary Demarcation: Systematic Discrimination and Inhumane Treatment Defined by Skin Color

Kristeen Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Bigots have no shortage of language to express their small-mindedness; it’s a well-honed vernacular in a country still struggling with race even decades after constitutionally protected equality was established… When you’re accustomed to privilege, equality feels like oppression and as Toni Morrison said “In this country American means White. Everybody else has to hyphenate.”

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Aution

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Slaves chained together so they don’t escape from their Master.

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Aetna Ins. Co. of Hartford CT. newspaper ad informing the public they’ve moved to a new location but are still offering “Negro Slaves for Sale”

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Additional Photos below

RACE describes categories assigned to demographic groups based on observable PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS such as SKIN COLOR, HAIR TEXTURE, LIP, NOSE and EYE SHAPE.

ETHNICITY refers to the SOCIAL CHARATERISTICS people may have in common, such as language, religion, regional background, culture, foods, etc. Ethnicity is revealed by the traditions one follows, a person’s native language, and so on.

NATIONALITY is the legal relationship between a person and a country.

RACISM is systematic discrimination because of race. It is the belief all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior. Racism was established long before nationality and religious bigotry existed.

In ancient Egypt there were no vowels; Negro was represented as N-G-R and pronounced en-jer, which is auditory for GOD. Therefore N-G-R: NEGRO translates to Devine Being or God. Moving forward to 735 BC Rome where the language of Latin came into use; Nigrum or Negro (pronounced neg-ro) meaning the color black originated as a neutral term referring to people with black skin.

(1280-1337) African ruler Mansa Musa was the fourteenth-century emperor of the Mali Empire. Mansa Musa established religious freedom. Education was free and encouraged. He even established a university. People came from all over the world to study at this famous university. When Muslim scholars visited Mali, they were surprised at the people’s clothes. About 90,000 men on duty at any one time to guard the gold mines and Traders always stopped at Mali as they knew they would be welcomed, fed, housed, and safe because of Mansa Musa’s generosity. Trade with Mali was always good for the traders who had come so far. Mansa Musa traveled with 100 camels, each carrying 300 lbs of gold. After adjusting for inflation, he was worth $400 billion in today’s currency which is more than Bill Gates and Warren Buffet combined, with $200 billion left over for good measure.

Skipping forward many centuries to the 1500’s and progressing through the mid-1800’s, the Atlantic Slave Trade transported over 10 million African’s; nearly 15% of slaves were captured in the River Niger Delta Region in West Africa and delivered to the coast to be sold at European trading ports. It is believed these slaves were called Niger’s (pronounced Ni-gir) to differentiate them from other regions such as the Congo, Angola or Cameroon.

Word alterations in the US and the negative connotations they elicit as a description of a “negro or “N,” with no value attached to the word itself. During the period of subjugation the words “N” or “Black” was situated in front of a first name to distinguish a slave from a White person with the same first name establishing the pigment demarcation line, thus becoming an intentional derogatory term to belittle and degrade.

The racial formation and derogatory use of the “N” word is not much different than plantation owners feeding slaves as cheaply as possible with poor quality leftover waste foods and scraps as a means of a complex social, economic and political system to control and punish. African slaves were extremely creative with their provisions which evolved into the distinct cuisine, Soul Food; the correlation and racial project being, by using the “N” word by Blacks in today’s culture; it is now elevated to a level of sophistication, thereby negating the disparaging intent.

Nigga vs Nigger is a representation of homophones with the “N” word defining peoples’ who are economically, politically, socially enslaved and dominated under the rule of oppression by the use of racial formation, or as Voltaire claimed “The negro race is a species of men different from ours as the breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds”. While the word “nigga” is a phrase used in the Black community to define brotherhood, friendship, affections and at times even animosity, it’s the latter of the two which many Black’s chose to use as a term of endearment.

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Beating

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Reward

Reward 2

FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT
Fugitive slave laws were laws passed by the United States Congress in 1793 and 1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory. The idea of the fugitive slave law was derived from the Fugitive Slave Clause which is in the United States Constitution (Article IV, Section 2, Paragraph 3). It was thought forcing states to deliver escaped slaves to slave owners violated states’ rights due to state sovereignty and was believed that seizing state property should not be left up to the states. The Fugitive Slave Clause states escaped slaves “shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labor may be due”, which abridged state rights because retrieving slaves was a form of retrieving private property. After the compromise of 1850, the Supreme Court made slavery a protected institution and arranged a series of laws allowing slavery in the new territories and forced officials in Free States to give a hearing to slaveholders without a jury. Northerners felt like this was a kidnapping process.

Fugitive Slave #LetOurVoicesEcho

Massachusetts had abolished slavery in 1783, but the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 required government officials to assist slavecatchers in capturing fugitives within the state.

The cruelty of slavery.

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The enslavement of African’s in the America’s by the nations and people’s of Western Europe created the economic engine which funded American Capitalism

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1860

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Slaves were punished for a variety of reasons, most of the time it was for working too slow or running away

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The White Christian and moral influences have not only done little to prevent the Negro from becoming a criminal they deliberately shut him out of society.

Cudjo Lewis #LetOur Voices Echo

Cudjo Lewis (1841 – 1935) is considered the last survivor of the last slave ship to enter the United States. He was born around 1841 to a Yoruba family in the Bantè region of Dahomey (today Benin).

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According to news sources “HE” made that nigger wear a bell for a year and took it off on Christmas as a present “It sho did make a good Nigger outta him”

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Goldsboro NC … His pants have been pulled down and he was castrated.

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Delaware 1907: Two prisoners in pillory and another tied to a whipping post below.

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Young children were not immune from field work 6 days a week from dawn to dusk

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Wet Nursemaid: She was free, technically, and paid a wage of about 10 dollars a month. However, she was basically enslaved. She saw her own children once every 2 weeks, meaning she couldn’t use her own body to provide nourishment for her own children. To feed white children when you are racially oppressed by the white race was traumatizing to say the least. Negro nurses typically worked 14-16 hour days. She had to be at the child’s beck and call to feed and bathe this baby and take care of any older children in the household. It was dehumanizing and robbed her of her dignity.

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Lincoln

Slave

Gordon, or Whipped Peter, was a slave on a Louisiana plantation who escaped from slavery in 1863. He would go on to serve as a soldier in the United States Colored Troops. Harper’s Weekly published photos of Gordon’s scarred back, the result of his time in slavery. The photos helped make slavery more real for those living in the North and accelerated the Union cause in the war.

Soldier

African-Americans made up less than 1 percent of the North’s population but were 10 percent of the Union Army. Black men weren’t allowed to join the army until 1863. About 180,000 Black men, more than 85 percent of eligible African-Americans in the Northern states, fought. While White soldiers earned $13 a month, Black soldiers earned only $10 — and then were charged a $3 clothing fee that lowered their monthly pay to $7. The highest paid Black soldier made less than the lowest paid White one. After protesting by refusing to accept their wages and gaining support from abolitionist Congressmen, Black soldiers finally received equal pay in 1864 — paid retroactively to their enlistment date.

Silas #LetOurVoicesEcho

Andrew Chandler and his slave Silas Chandler who accompanied his master to war as a “bodyguard.” This tintype is the only one of its kind showing a Confederate soldier with his slave. It was proven Silas was a slave through his pension records and he had not been set free or bought his freedom prior to the war and the Chandler family had not donated the land upon which Silas founded a church for former slaves after the war. The weapons in the famous photograph were props likely given to them just for the picture. READ MORE

Burying the Dead

Burying the Dead – Civil War

Whites Used Blacks as Alligator Bait

In 1908 the Washington Times reported that a keeper at the New York Zoological Garden baited “Alligators With Pickaninnies” out of their winter quarters. In the article two “small colored children happened to drift through the reptile house among the throng of visitors” and they were “pressed into service.” The alligators “wobbled out as quick as they could after the ebony mites, who darted around the tank just as the pursuing monsters fell with grunts of chagrin into the water.” The alligators were “coaxed” into their summer quarters by “plump little Africans”

The practice has been documented in at least three movies: “Alligator Bait” (1900) and “The ‘Gator and the Pickaninny” (1900). And the story of two black boys who served as alligator bait was told in “Untamed Fury” (1947).

Alligator Bait

Alligator Bait 2

Postcard depicting the lynching of Lige Daniels, Center, Texas, USA, August 3, 1920. Lyniching Blacks 2

Lots of Strange Fruit Strange FruitLyniching Blacks 1 Strange Fruit

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This mans’ pants are pulled down to humiliate and scare him before he’s castrated then hung

Laura NelsonLaura Nelson Okemah OK May 25, 1911

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Fire 2Jesse Washington 17 yr. old May 15, 1916 Waco TX

Washington was accused of raping and murdering Lucy Fryer, the wife of his white employer in rural Robinson TX . Washington a mildly mentally challenged was tried for murder in Waco, in a courtroom filled with furious locals. The trial lasted about one hour and after four minutes of deliberation, the jury’s foreman announced a guilty verdict and a sentence of death. After his sentence was pronounced, he was dragged out of the court by observers, they put a chain on his neck and lynched him in front of Waco’s city hall. Over 16,000 spectators, including city officials and police, gathered to watch the attack. There was a celebratory atmosphere at the event, and many children attended during their lunch hour. Members of the mob castrated Washington, cut off his fingers so he couldn’t climb the chain, and hung him over a bonfire. He was repeatedly lowered and raised over the fire for about two hours. After the fire was extinguished, his charred torso was dragged through the town and parts of his body were sold as souvenirs. A professional photographer took pictures as the event unfolded, providing rare imagery of a lynching in progress. The pictures were printed and sold as postcards in Waco.

Fire

Lynching 2 guys

Lynching phone pole

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Hang & white lady

Girl

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Ruben(photo above) July 19, 1935 Ruben Stacy 32 hangs from a tree in Ft. Lauderdale FL. Stacy was lynched by a mob of angry masked White men who seized him from the custody of sheriff’s deputies for allegedly attacking a white woman.Hang 4

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Chained

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Hanged

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Hang 10 Postcard

There’s a note attached to a body which reads: “Let this be a warning to you niggers to let white people alone or you will go the same way”

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26 Paul Reed and Will Cato 1904 Statesboro GA

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#LetOurVoicesEcho #BennieSimmons

Bennie Simmons soaked in coal oil before being set on fire

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_2

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#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching #April1892

April 30, 1892

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#LetOurVoicesEcho #Black Execution #Noose

In 1919, in the wake of World War I, Black sharecroppers unionized in Little Rock Arkansas, which unleashed a wave of White Vigilantism and mass lynching’s leaving 237 people dead.

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Black Execution

If you were a Black defendant, good luck challenging the prosecutor who eliminated potential witnesses or impartial jurors.

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#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_6#LetOurVoicesEcho #Black Execution #Noose #Michael Donald

1981 Michael Donald, 20 years old lynched by the Ku Klux Klan – Last reported lynching, although not the last lynching

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching 1889-1921

Human Zoo’s


Ota Benga (c. 1883 – March 20, 1916) was a Congolese man, a  Mbuti pygmy known for being featured in an anthropology exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904, and in a human zoo exhibit in 1906 at the Bronx Zoo. Benga had been purchased from African slave traders by the explorer Samuel Phillips Verner, a businessman hunting Africans for the Exposition.

Displays of non-white humans as examples of “earlier stages” of human evolution were common in the early 20th century, when racial theories were frequently intertwined with concepts from evolutionary biology. Read more about Ota https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ota_Benga

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Canon City

#LetOurVoicesEcho #KKK #JohnsonCounty #KlanRally

Tuskegee Overview

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment was an infamous clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972, ran for forty years in Macon County, Alabama during the mid-20th century, is one of the more appalling and deceitful of the bunch.by the U.S. Public Health Service to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis in rural African American men who thought they were receiving free health care from the U.S. government.

Public Health Service enrolled six hundred Macon County men, 399 with syphilis and 201 who weren’t infected, to be part of the study. None of the men actually knew what the study was for. They were lured in with the promise of “free health care,” something that none of them had, and treatment of “bad blood,” a general localized term that encompassed several different afflictions, including anemia, fatigue, and other venereal diseases.

The men were told that they were going to get free medical exams, meals, and burial insurance. For those who actually had syphilis, they were never informed of their diagnosis nor given any treatment for it. Additionally, very painful and unnecessary spinal taps were performed on many in the study.

Subjects of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment were never administered nor offered penicillin as treatment. The study administrators wanted to watch the progression of the disease as the men got sick and, in many cases, died for the forty years the study went on even though for much of it a relatively effective treatment was available. All total it’s estimated that 128 of the men died either directly from syphilis or complications related to it, 40 infected their wives (and in some cases possibly others), and there were 19 of the men’s children born with congenital syphilis.

Syphillis

Experiment 2

Experiment

Spinal

When asked why they had to receive several “back shots” (spinal taps) researcher’s repeatedly lied to the men, claims the shots were “therapeutic” when in fact the spinal taps gave insight to the infection from the spine canal to the brain.

#GeorgeStinney #Jim Crow #LetOurVoicesEcho

George Junius Stinney Jr.  (October 21, 1929 – June 16, 1944) just 14 years old was arrested for murdering two white girls, Betty June Binnicker, age 11, and Mary Emma Thames, age 7, deep in Jim Crow South in Alcolu, located in Clarendon County, South Carolina, on March 23, 1944. The girls disappeared while out riding their bicycle looking for flowers. As they passed the Stinney property, they asked young George Stinney and his sister, if they knew where to find “maypops” flower. When the girls didn’t return, search parties were organized, the girl’s bodies were found the next morning in a ditch filled with muddy water. Both had suffered severe head wounds.

Stinney was arrested within a few hours and he interrogated by several white officers in a locked room with no parents, no attorney and no witnesses aside from the officers. Within an hour, a deputy announced Stinney had confessed to the crime and led officers to “a hidden piece of iron”. There was no written record of his confession, only notes by an investigating deputy, and no transcript was recorded.

According to the alleged confession, Stinney (90 lbs, 5’1”) wanted to “have sex with”11-year-old Betty June Binnicker and could not do so until Mary Emma Thames, age 8, was removed from the scene; he decided to kill Mary Emma, both girls “fought back” so he decided to kill Betty June as well with a 15 inch railroad spike found in the same ditch a distance from the bodies.

A 2-hour trial was held, Stinney’s attorney did not cross-examine witnesses, his defense consisted of the claim Stinney was too young to be held responsible for the crimes. The all-white jury deliberated 10 minutes and found Stinney guilty of first-degree murder. That same day, the judge sentenced the teen to death by electric chair.

The execution was carried out at the South Carolina State Penitentiary in Columbia, South Carolina on the morning of June 16, 1944, 83 days after the crime. At 7:30 a.m. Stinney walked to the execution chamber, a bible under his arm which he used as a booster seat in the electric chair. There were difficulties strapping the boy who at 5’1” and just over 90 lbs. In addition, the face mask used in executions did not fit properly. When officials turned on the switch, 2,400 volts surged through Stinney’s body, causing the mask to slip off. His eyes were wide and teary, and saliva was emanating from his mouth for all the witnesses in the room to see. After two more jolts of electricity, it was over. Stinney was pronounced dead at 7:30 p.m., four minutes after the execution began and 83 days after the murders.

A deathbed confession by the culprits from a prominent tight-knit well-known white family stated: “A member, or members of our family, served on the initial coroner’s inquest jury which had recommended Stinney be prosecuted.”

The “piece of iron” with which the two girls had been killed weighed over twenty pounds. It was ruled George wasn’t able to lift it, let alone swing it hard enough to kill the two girls. 70 years later, on December 17, 2014, Judge Carmen T. Mullen overturned Stinney’s first-degree murder conviction, stating his sentencing was “cruel and unusual.” She wrote there was “a violation of the defendant’s procedural due process rights that tainted his prosecution. George Stinney is the youngest person in the United States ever put to death by the electric chair.

Cousins Recall Emmett Louis Till’s Murder
https://whatzenalotionbar.wordpress.com/emmett-tills-cousins-recall-historic-murder/

Sanger

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KKK

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Oppose

A poster rallying White voters to oppose enfranchisement allowing African American’s to vote

White OnlyLancaster Ohio 1938White Only 2

Freedom Riders

#LetOurVoicesEcho #HangedVoterSign 1

Detroit 1943-001

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Slave 17

Detroit

Police Dogs

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Alabama State Troopers Attack John Lewis st the Edmund Pettis Bridge

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Mumia Abu Jamal in his younger years as a member of The Philadelphia Chapter of the Black Panthers Party for Self Defense.

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1963 Demonstration Virginia

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Detroit 1943

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Segregated drinking fountains No. Carolina 1950

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1963 Brother Malcolm Nation Building

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White people abusing Blacks by pouring food and drinks on Black people

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Seen around the borders of the curfew zone which makes explicit the policies of White People’s racism

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16th St. Bombing

Lady

CollageSeptember 10, 1963 a white student had been photographed wearing a sign on his shirt that read “Keep West End White.” On either side of the word “Keep” appeared two Confederate flagsLittle Rock School

Patricia Marcus“Birmingham, ALA., Sept. 11, 1963 —CAR WINDOW SMASHED—One of two Negro girl students who desegregated West End High School in Birmingham sits in car and is partially framed by broken auto window. A rock was hurled through the window as the Negro girls were leaving the school area after class this afternoon. (APWirephoto) 1963”

#CivilRightsMovement #Racism #PoliceBrutality #LetOurVoicesEcho

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism #CivilRights 1963

1963 “Civil Disobedience” Brooklyn’ s Downstate Medical Center NY Solitary woman’s act of defiance was far from the deep South

West End High 1

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism_1

Black man being forced to kiss the foot of some White man

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism_2

West End High 2

Records

Hyde Park

Highest

Hobo 18Mississippi

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Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia
The Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia at Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, displays a wide variety of everyday artifacts depicting the history of racist portrayals of African Americans in American popular culture.
1010 Campus Dr, Big Rapids, MI 49307
https://ferris.edu/jimcrow/

Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person 

https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/2015/12/02/explaining-white-privilege-to-White Mana-broke-white-person/

White HOuse

Jim Zwerg

Jim Zwerg

In 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) began to organize Freedom Rides. The first departed from Washington DC and involved 13 black and white riders who rode into the South challenging white only lunch counters and restaurants. When they reached Anniston, Alabama one of the buses was ambushed and attacked. Meanwhile, at an SNCC meeting in Tennessee, Lewis, Zwerg and 11 other volunteers decided to be reinforcements. Zwerg was the only white male in the group. Although scared for his life, Zwerg never had second thoughts. He recalled, “My faith was never so strong as during that time. I knew I was doing what I should be doing.”

The group traveled by bus to Birmingham, where Zwerg was first arrested for not moving to the back of the bus with his black seating companion, Paul Brooks. Three days later, the riders regrouped and headed to Montgomery. At first the terminal there was quiet and eerie, but the scene turned into an ambush, with the riders attacked from all directions. . “Mr. Zwerg was hit with his own suitcase in the face. Then he was knocked down and a group pummeled him” The prostrate activist was beaten into unconsciousness somewhere around the time a man took Zwerg’s head between his knees while others took turns pounding and clawing at his face. At one point while Zwerg was unconscious, three men held him up while a woman kicked him in the groin. After it seemed that the worst of the onslaught was over, Zwerg gained semi-consciousness and tried to use the handrails to the loading platform to pull himself to his feet. As he struggled to get upright, a white man came and threw Zwerg over the rail. He crashed to the ground below, landing on his head. He was only the first to be beaten that day, but the attack on him may have been the most ruthless. Zwerg recalls, “There was nothing particularly heroic in what I did. If you want to talk about heroism, consider the black man who probably saved my life. This man in coveralls, just off of work, happened to walk by as my beating was going on and said ‘Stop beating that kid. If you want to beat someone, beat me.’ And they did. He was still unconscious when I left the hospital. I don’t know if he lived or died.”

Zwerg was denied prompt medical attention because there were no white ambulances available. “I suppose a person has to be dead before anyone will call an ambulance in Montgomery” were Jim’s words as he lay in the hospital bed after being brutally beaten. He remained unconscious for two days and stayed in the hospital for five days. His post-riot photos were published in many newspapers and magazines across the country. After his beating, Zwerg claimed he had had an incredible religious experience and God helped him to not fight back. In a 2013 interview recalling the incident, he said, “In that instant, I had the most incredible religious experience of my life. I felt a presence with me. A peace. Calmness. It was just like I was surrounded by kindness, love. I knew in that instance that whether I lived or died, I would be OK.” In a famous moving speech from his hospital room, Zwerg stated, “Segregation must be stopped. It must be broken down. Those of us on the Freedom Ride will continue…. We’re dedicated to this, we’ll take hitting, we’ll take beating. We’re willing to accept death. But we’re going to keep coming until we can ride from anywhere in the South to any place else in the South without anybody making any comments, just as American citizens.”

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America was built on the back of Native Americans and Blacks; these are things EVERY White American should be ashamed of, certainly not proud of.
https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/america-was-built-on-the-back-of-native-americans-and-blacks/

By the way, the term “Final Solution” was not coined by the Nazis. It was Indian Affairs Superintendent, Duncan Campbell Scott, Canada’s Adolph Eichmann, who in April 1910 plotted out the planned murder to take care of the “Indian problem”.

101 Massacres – 23,000 plus, 1st Nation Peoples Exterminated by White Settlers and Military
https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/100-massacres/

press

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

There’s Something About Mary: Unmasking a Gun Lobby Mole

Thank you David Corn, James Ridgeway, and Daniel Schulman
Lady2Soothe

Mary
Mary McFate was a prominent gun control activist. Mary Lou Sapone was a freelance spy with an NRA connection. They are the same person. A Mother Jones investigation.

This is the story of two Marys. Both are in their early 60s, heavyset, with curly reddish hair. But for years they have worked on opposite ends of the same issues. Mary McFate is an advocate of environmental causes and a prominent activist within the gun control movement. For more than a decade, she volunteered for various gun violence prevention organizations, serving on the boards of anti-gun outfits, helping state groups coordinate their activities, lobbying in Washington for gun control legislation, and regularly attending strategy and organizing meetings.

Mary Lou Sapone, by contrast, is a self-described “research consultant,” who for decades has covertly infiltrated citizens groups for private security firms hired by corporations that are targeted by activist campaigns. For some time, Sapone also worked for the National Rifle Association.

But these two Marys share a lot in common—a Mother Jones investigation has found that McFate and Sapone are, in fact, the same person. And this discovery has caused the leaders of gun violence prevention organizations to conclude that for years they have been penetrated—at the highest levels—by the NRA or other pro-gun parties. “It raises the question,” says Paul Helmke, the president of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, “of what did she find out and what did they want her to find out.”

Using her maiden name, McFate, Sapone began posing as a gun control activist in the mid-1990s. Bryan Miller, the executive director of Ceasefire New Jersey, a grassroots gun control group, recalls first meeting her in the summer of 1998. The NRA was holding its annual convention in downtown Philadelphia, and the event drew the usual bevy of protesters. Among them was a middle-aged woman then living in Pennsylvania who made a point of introducing herself to Miller. In the following years, Miller would remember this encounter well, as he watched McFate rise from a street protester to a figure known nationally within his movement. She became a leader of Pennsylvanians Against Handgun Violence and later a board member of Ceasefire Pennsylvania. According to staffers at several gun violence prevention groups, she worked on the Million Mom March in 2000, when hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated in Washington, DC, to demand stricter gun laws. She joined the board of Freedom States Alliance, a network of nine state-based gun control organizations. At States United to Prevent Gun Violence, a nationwide coalition of anti-gun groups, she was the director of federal legislation, an unpaid position that placed her in charge of the outfit’s lobbying efforts in Washington. In that role, she collaborated with national organizations including the Brady Campaign and the Violence Policy Center.

In 2005, McFate ran for a board position at the Brady Campaign, which would have placed her in the inner sanctum of the nation’s most prominent gun control group. On her ballot statement, she described herself as a “community activist and motivational speaker,” “a former presidential scholar,” and a recipient of the “Public Service Council’s Community Champion Award in 1999.” And she pitched her credentials for the position: “I believe my volunteerism over 30 years to nonprofit organizations with disparate program goals has given me practical insights on what strategies are most effective…My experience with broad coalitions working together for societal change has proven to me that our organization is on the right track to make our neighborhoods safer and to give our children their full life potential.”

McFate lost the election, but she did not give up. Several months ago, she told Paul Helmke that she was interested in an appointed board position for the Brady Campaign. (Helmke recalls that he was concerned about placing her on his board because she was already deeply connected to other groups. “I didn’t push the idea,” he says.) In 2007, she attended a summit convened by the International Association of Chiefs of Police that aimed to develop a strategy for reducing gun violence. As an advocate working with both state and national groups, she was privy to the gun control movement’s community’s internal deliberations and in a position to know what was happening throughout the movement. “She’s been active in everything and involved in every single major gun violence prevention organization,” says Barbara Hohlt, executive director of States United to Prevent Gun Violence.

Despite her supposed commitment to the cause, her friends and colleagues in the gun control community considered McFate something of a curiosity. Among other things, she had a tendency to drop in and out of contact, explaining away her absences by saying she had been vacationing aboard luxury cruise liners. When the Brady Campaign’s communications director, Paul Hamm, occasionally asked her to talk to the media about gun issues, she adamantly refused. “I would say, ‘Please, Mary.’ She would say, ‘No, no, no, I don’t want to.'”

Looking back, gun control advocates who worked with McFate can now see what might have been faint warning signs. A few weeks ago, Hohlt says, she had what she considered an odd encounter with McFate when the pair was making preparations to take part in a conference call with other gun control advocates. Rather than face a long-distance charge for the call, McFate, who lives in Florida but was in New York City at the time, insisted on dropping by the offices of New Yorkers Against Gun Violence to participate in the discussion. Given that McFate appeared to be well off financially—she was always offering to travel to meetings and conferences, including NRA conferences, with no concern for cost—Hohlt couldn’t understand why she was demanding to come to this office for the call just to save a few bucks. Nor could she fathom why McFate often pushed to share a hotel room with other gun control advocates at conferences and events when she seemed able to afford accommodations of her own. Hohlt also thought it unusual that McFate served on the boards of several organizations simultaneously, since there was, as Hohlt puts it, “a certain amount of competition between all the groups.” But she never doubted McFate’s devotion to gun control.

Though McFate’s colleagues viewed her as a friend, some found it strange that they knew virtually nothing about her life outside the movement. She never explained the source of her personal wealth. And Toby Hoover, the executive director of the Ohio Coalition Against Gun Violence and an activist who worked with McFate since the mid-1990s, says, “She never talked about what she had done prior to this work. I didn’t even know if she had a husband or kids.” Ceasefire New Jersey’s Bryan Miller adds, “She doesn’t talk about her family. I know nothing about her personal life other than that she lives in Sarasota, Florida. For my closest friends in this movement, who also know Mary, it was a matter of low-level discussion that we didn’t know anything about her.”

There was good reason for that.

Outside the gun control world, Mary Lou Sapone was, as Mother Jones has previously reported, a for-hire operative who spied on citizens’ groups for corporate clients. Property and phone records indicate that the two names belong to the same person. Last week, a reporter for Mother Jones called the Sarasota phone number that McFate had given her gun control allies and asked the woman who answered if she was Mary Lou Sapone. “Yes,” she responded. But Sapone then refused to answer any questions about Mary McFate or her work for gun control. She quickly hung up—and did not respond to subsequent calls and emails.

During Sapone’s ascent through the ranks of the gun control movement, she worked for the NRA, according to a business associate. In a 2003 deposition, Tim Ward, who had been president of the Maryland-based security firm Beckett Brown International, said that the NRA had been “a client” of Sapone’s. (As a subcontractor for BBI, Sapone had planted an operative within an environmental group in Lake Charles, Louisiana.) According to Ward, at his request Sapone had introduced BBI to the NRA in early 1999. And that introduction quickly paid off. Billing records obtained by Mother Jones indicate that between May 1999 and April 2000, the NRA paid BBI nearly $80,000 for various services.

In another 2003 deposition, Jay Bly, a former Secret Service officer who worked for BBI, was asked what type of work the security firm had done for the NRA, and he responded, “Those are very sensitive issues, and I’m just not comfortable going into it. I’m really not.” Later in the deposition, Bly said, “I did a number of different things for the NRA in the area of investigation, the area of personal protection, in the area of event security, in the area of intelligence gathering, okay?”

Ward, during his own deposition, explained what a typical BBI intelligence-gathering operation would entail: “We used informants that we would send to public rallies that these people were holding, public demonstrations. These informants developed relationships where they could pick up a phone up and call in to find out where the next event was, where it was going to be held…They are usually very eager to have somebody come and tote banners and scream and shout.” According to Bly’s testimony, he and Ward continued their intelligence-gathering operations for the NRA after BBI acrimoniously disbanded around 2001 and Ward opened his own security firm, Chesapeake Strategies. (These depositions were taken during a lawsuit filed against former BBI officials by John Dodd, the firm’s primary investor.)

In his deposition, Ward identified Sapone’s contact at the NRA as Patrick O’Malley. From the late 1990s until 2002, O’Malley was the deputy executive director of the Institute for Legislative Action, the NRA’s political arm. And according to billing records from BBI (which in 2000 changed its name to S2I Corporation), O’Malley was BBI’s liaison at the NRA. Recent emails indicate that in 2007 and 2008 Sapone was working with O’Malley, who lobbied for the NRA after leaving the ILA and went on to work for a government relations firm retained by his former employer. In recent years, O’Malley has served as the executive director of the Ballot Issues Coalition, an organization composed of hunting-rights groups, including the NRA.

O’Malley did not respond to numerous messages left at his office and home. Asked about Sapone, James Jay Baker, who was executive director of the NRA’s ILA when O’Malley was its deputy executive director, says, “I don’t have anything to say about any vendors at the NRA.” Baker notes, “We got information from whatever sources we can,” but he maintains that he was not aware of any infiltration of the gun control movement. Baker, now managing director of Ogilvy Government Relations, a high-powered lobbying shop, is currently registered as a lobbyist for the NRA. (After leaving the NRA in 2002, both O’Malley and Baker joined the Federalist Group, a lobbying firm that was acquired by Ogilvy in 2005.) Contacted repeatedly, the NRA declined to comment on its past or present relationship with Sapone, BBI, or Chesapeake Strategies.

Informed of McFate’s true identity, her friends and associates in the gun control community expressed shock and anger. “That astounds me,” says Barbara Hohlt. Of McFate’s ability to maintain her cover, she adds, “She was very, very good. Everybody knew her for years and trusted her.” Brian Malte, director of state legislation at the Brady Campaign, says, “Oh my…Of all the people.” Kristen Rand, legislative director of the Violence Policy Center, remarks, “This is totally bizarre.” And she adds, “I would find it hardest to believe this about her. She comes across as kind of dense—or she’s putting on a good act.”

McFate’s (now former) colleagues note that she was well-positioned for many years to provide the NRA—or any other gun rights groups—the plans, secrets, and inside gossip of practically the entire gun violence prevention movement. “She had access to all the legislative strategy for every major issue for years,” says Rand. Another gun control advocate who worked with McFate and asked not to be identified recalls, “She was one of those rare people. As a volunteer, she wanted to know more and more about what people were working on.” With intelligence gathered by McFate, Ceasefire New Jersey’s Miller says, the gun lobby could “learn a lot: what the grassroots of the gun violence prevention movement intended; where our priorities are shifting; which legislation we would be promoting or fighting against and what sort of effort we would be putting into that; who our targeted legislators would be; what states and districts we deemed important enough to put an effort into; our messaging, what our messaging would be before we put it out there.”

Hohlt recalled several recent episodes in which McFate maneuvered to place herself in the middle of issues important to the NRA and others in the gun lobby. One occurred this spring, when the London-based International Action Network on Small Arms was trying to persuade American gun control groups to attend a July meeting at the United Nations on small-arms control. (A 2001 UN conference ended up establishing a program weaker than gun control advocates had desired, thanks to the intervention of the Bush administration, which had been lobbied by the NRA.) States United to Prevent Gun Violence had never before been involved with international gun control issues. And to participate in the UN meeting, it had to apply for credentials. Hohlt says McFate pushed her to file for them. Hohlt did so, and McFate ended up being able to learn what the anti-gun forces were planning for the UN session—including the delegates they intended to lobby, and the arguments they would highlight.

McFate also took a keen interest in a gun matter currently under consideration by the Department of the Interior, Hohlt says. At the urging of the gun lobby, the agency has been mulling whether to change its regulations to allow people to carry loaded and concealed guns into national parks under certain circumstances. (At the moment, a gun carried into a national park must be unloaded and kept apart from ammunition.) The National Parks Conservation Association and current and former National Park Service officials have been fighting the proposed rule change. “When Mary heard about this,” Hohlt recalls, “she immediately asked to be on the email list [of the opponents] and she also got on the phone calls. So she now knows the strategy of the people trying to fight this.” Similarly, when Mayors Against Illegal Guns, a group organized by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, mounted a campaign against the NRA-backed Tiahrt amendment—legislation advanced by Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R-Kan.) and first passed by Congress in 2003 that prevents the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives from sharing gun-tracing data—McFate, according to Hohlt, made certain to participate in conference calls during which strategy for beating back the bill was discussed. “Whenever an issue comes up, she manages to get on the email list,” Hohlt says.

The McFate operation, says Miller, “would confirm for me the way that the gun lobby works, which is no rules, no question of fairness or honesty. Anything that they can do they will do to protect the profits of the gun industry.” He notes that his organization has experienced low-level attempts at penetration in the past—a pro-gun advocate once posed as a would-be volunteer to get on his group’s mailing list—but nothing on this scale.

Shocked to learn that McFate was a spy, gun control advocates have pondered the obvious questions: How did she manage to fool everyone for so long? How much money did she earn for being a mole? To whom in the gun lobby did she report? The NRA? The firearms manufacturing industry? Did her covert effort extend beyond mere intelligence gathering? Did she manage to shape the decisions and actions of anti-gun groups to the gun lobby’s liking? And was she the only one?

While Sapone was a spy with a big secret, as McFate she led a relatively high-profile life. In Sarasota, Florida, McFate heads the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. She has served as a substitute teacher at a local military academy, and once joined a coalition of residents who fought to save a 112-acre forest from development. Several years ago, McFate cofounded an organization called Lead Our Leaders, which boasted the “audacious mission” of changing “the way politics is done in America” by creating “a mechanism for the American electorate to effectively communicate their policy instructions to our elected leaders.” A 2005 profile of her in the Sarasota Herald-Tribune began, “Mary McFate wants to save the world.” (She told the paper, “I’m an optimist by nature.”) During a short-lived attempt at blogging, she wrote a small number of postings using the handle “SolutionGal” and touted her Lead Our Leaders effort. (She stopped blogging in February 2006, and the website of Lead Our Leaders is no longer active.)

Sapone’s earliest known private intelligence operation occurred in the mid-1980s, when she served as an operative for Perceptions International, a Connecticut-based security firm. Working for Perceptions, which has since been shuttered, she infiltrated the animal rights community for US Surgical Corporation, a target of activists who objected to its testing on dogs. According to a 1989 article in New England Business, Sapone appeared on the animal rights scene in 1986 and quickly became “involved in at least a half dozen animal rights groups.” She “made a point of getting to know all of the key people in the movement,” and “traveled around the country to most protests, meetings and conferences.” At meetings, activists would later say, Sapone advocated taking illegal or violent action to advance the movement. She befriended a 33-year-old activist named Fran Trutt, who in November 1988 would be arrested for planting a remote-controlled pipe bomb near the parking space of US Surgical chairman Leon Hirsch. According to Trutt, on her way to carry out the bombing she lost her nerve and placed a call to Sapone, who convinced her to follow through with the plan—a fact that prompted activists to accuse Sapone of acting as an agent provocateur. (Another Perceptions International operative, Marcus Mead, drove Trutt to US Surgical on the day of the attempted bombing.)

In the 1990s—while working within the gun control community as McFate—Sapone formed her own intelligence-gathering business. And she enlisted family members for its operations. “In our business, it’s my daughter-in-law, Montgomery Sapone [who] does all the analytic reports, forecasting, and white papers,” Sapone wrote to a client in an August 1999 email obtained by Mother Jones. “She produces a very professional product.” Sapone continued, “We are warning our clients that activist groups are moving towards ballot initiatives…And it’s easy for groups like Greenpeace to emotionally shape a looming crisis in a 10 second TV spot 2 days before a referenda election. My daughter Shelley specializes in that aspect of our business. We are doing a lot of work now to help clients in the 2000 election.”

A resume that Montgomery Sapone used around 1999 describes her role within Mary Lou’s business: “Collect and analyze intelligence on European activities of major international environmental organization for a company specializing in domestic and international opposition research, special investigations, issues management and threat assessment. Write weekly intelligence update on European animal rights and eco-terrorist activity. Assist in confidential litigation support research.” Sapone’s son Sean, a Brown- and Harvard-educated paratrooper who served with the 82nd Airborne Division, was managing director of this firm, which at one point was called Strategic Solutions Group LLC and maintained an office in Washington, DC. According to a Strategic Solutions Group invoice sent to BBI in November 2000, Montgomery Sapone—a Harvard law school grad and Yale-trained anthropologist—once billed the security firm $400 for four hours of her time, which included a “visit to target’s office.”

Sapone made her gun control work a family affair as well. Around 2003, Montgomery volunteered at the Brady Campaign, according to Becca Knox, the group’s research director. Occasionally, Montgomery would also sit in for her mother-in-law at Washington strategy meetings attended by officials of the gun control movement, according to the Violence Policy Center’s Kristen Rand. And Sean Sapone once offered to help Rand’s group on a campaign against the civilian use of .50 caliber rifles, Rand recalls. But after attending one meeting, Sean Sapone never followed through.

These days, Sean and Montgomery Sapone are better known as Sean and Montgomery McFate, a successful Washington couple whose current bios make no mention of any past intelligence-gathering or opposition-research work. Sean is currently the program director of the national security initiative at the Bipartisan Policy Center, a Washington think tank boasting an advisory board composed of four former Senate majority leaders: Howard Baker, Bob Dole, George Mitchell, and Tom Daschle. An expert on military affairs, he previously worked for Amnesty International and for military contractor DynCorp. According to an online biography, he helped to organize “the first major legal arms shipment to Liberia in 15 years.” Montgomery has made a name for herself as one of the primary architects of the US military’s human terrain program, which teams social scientists with military units in Iraq and Afghanistan to help soldiers better understand the local culture. (The controversial program has been sharply criticized by the American Anthropological Association, which fears it may cross an ethical line, and has been described by detractors as “mercenary anthropology.”) Now a top Pentagon adviser, Montgomery also contributed to the Army’s Counterinsurgency Field Manual drafted under the guidance of General David Petraeus.

Montgomery McFate did not respond to an email request for comment. Nor did Mary Lou Sapone’s daughter, Shelley McGonnigal. During a brief phone call, Sean McFate told Mother Jones, “I’m familiar with what you are doing. But I don’t want to talk to the media.” Asked to explain his mother’s double life as Mary McFate and Mary Lou Sapone, he said, “You have to talk to Mary Lou.” Then he hung up.