HOME ~ Private Reference Library

1. Animal aggression is not on the rise, we’re just more aware of such incidents due to social media.

2. Dog’s sight. Human eyes have three special cells on their retina called cone photoreceptors which decode color, and color combinations which transmit signals to the brain by detecting and identifying red, blue, green and yellow wavelengths created by light entering the eye for full-color sight… Dogs have only two cones photoreceptors so they’re able to distinguish blue and yellow, but not red and green. Dogs can’t see all of the colors like we can, however they can perceive some differences. This is the same spectrum seen by humans when they have colorblindness which is called color vision deficiency. Color vision deficiency doesn’t necessarily mean color blind people only see things in black and white, it usually means they can’t see certain colors and therefore have a hard time telling the difference between those colors.
a. Here’s a chart of what scientists believe dogs can see
b. PS And just so you know…. Human colorblindness is much more common in men than women, since it’s frequently connected to the X chromosome. Men only have one X, so if it is defective, they’re out of luck. Many women are susceptible to a visual condition which they have one extra color receptor; therefore we can actually see a wider range of colors. Donald Trump obviously has a defective X chromosome!

3. PIT BULLS: 2012, National Geographic set out to measure not only the bite pressure of dogs, but of other animals, like humans. The pit bull registered 235 pounds per square inch on the bite meter, the German shepherd managed 238 psi, and the Rottweiler hit 328 psi. Sounds like a ridiculous amount of pressure, right? They also tested some humans and found that our bite pressure averages between 150 and 200 psi. Hyenas clocked in at 1,000 psi, but the official top dog of the animal kingdom was the saltwater crocodile with a 3,700 psi bite.

4. Wildlife Conservation Society: “Of the 873 mammal species, 414 were hurt by climate change, with elephants, primates and marsupials among the most vulnerable. For threatened birds, 298 of 1,272 species are experiencing negative effects, with waterfowl and birds who live at high altitudes being among the hardest hit, of course effects vary greatly for each species. Overall, though, it’s clear that many more animals are in trouble than had been thought.”

5. To all the vegans who falsely believe plants are not sentient beings. Just because you can’t hear them, doesn’t make them less than you. Thinking a plant is to be used at your disposal with barely any regard is just as carnivorous as consuming animals without regard. You are doing the exact same thing with another “creature”. Everything consumes another. You are not special because you get the option to pick or choose. On that note, stop factory farming….. especially pesticide promoted agriculture of all forms.

6. To the vegans. Meat is a medicine when harvested as a medicine. If one poisons their medicines before during and after harvest, it’s no longer a medicine but a threat. There is not a life-form which doesn’t eat from another living creature….not a single one. The only real option of being humane on this planet is to try and not dictate your surroundings like a demon soul sucker we’ve all been trained to be. Engage with life, don’t avoid it or you become the medicine who is toxic

7. SHARK ~ There have been 484 unprovoked fatal shark attacks worldwide since 1580. Humans kill approximately 100 million sharks every year which equates to roughly 11,000 every hour.

8. SHARK ~ The ocean isn’t shark infested. It’s the ocean. That’s where sharks live. Humans infest the ocean because we aren’t supposed to be in the ocean.
10. SHARK ~ Sharks don’t usually attack humans. In fact, “you have a better chance of being struck by lighting on a golf course” than being bitten by a shark.

11. SHARK ~ Unfortunately not all sharks, it’s Great Whites which are protected… Great whites have been off-limits to commercial and sport fishing under California law since 1994. Under the current act, passed in 2013 “may not be hunted, pursued or killed off the coast of California, and anyone caught harming one could face criminal prosecution.” Not sure if those jerks on the Manhattan Beach Pier when they refused to cut the line and the swimmer was attacked got prosecuted.

12. An animal is poisonous when its toxins are passively deployed. In contrast, a venomous animal directly injects you with a toxin.

13. Poison in ingested, venom is injected.

14. The female black widow has large venom glands that deliver super-concentrated venom that interferes with the nerve signals that control muscles. The result is potentially fatal and causes severe pain and elevated blood pressure.

15. SNAKE ~ Animal control officers uncover 80 snakes and a pool full of alligators at Thousand Oaks home

16. SNAKE ~ CALIFORNIA SNAKES (VENOMOUS) Southern Pacific ~ Speckled ~ Mojave Green ~ Diamondback ~ Red Diamond ~ Sidewinder ~ Great Basin rattlesnake ~ hybrid Mojave Green/Southern Pacific ~ and Yellow-bellied Sea Snakes (NON VENOMOUS) King ~ Gopher ~ Garter ~ Coachwhip ~ Racers ~ Ringnecks ~ Rosy and Rubber Boa’s

17. SNAKE ~ The eastern diamondback is both the largest rattlesnake and most venomous snake in North America with a super-high venom yield: from 400-1,000 mg. It only takes 100-150 mg for a human lethal dose.

18. SNAKE ~ The krait is particularly insidious because its bite may not cause any pain or even be noticed if a person is asleep. Its venom is full of powerful neurotoxins, though. A victim can literally suffocate to death four to eight hours after being bitten.

19. SNAKE ~ It’s important to remember killing a venomous snake does not guarantee you are suddenly “safe”. If you have the right habitat to see one snake you can be fairly sure there are more. So there is no sense in killing them, really. You might as well let it live and adjust your property so they are less enthusiastic about living near you. That means cutting back bushes and brush near your home and reducing the potential for rodents. (Put animal feed in metal bins and that sort of thing). And if you are close enough to kill a snake, you are close enough to be bitten. A better option is to spray it with a garden hose. You can stay back far enough not to be bitten, but you will annoy it enough that it may choose to seek a calmer environment. Snakes really don’t want to be around people. They are afraid of people. They strike defensively, not offensively, around people.

20. SNAKE ~ Disease, electrical fires, and damage caused by the rodents snakes eat will go up as people kill more of them.

21. SNAKE ~ Snakes are shy by nature and want to get away from people. If you use some common sense when outdoors, such as wearing appropriate footwear and clothing when walking outdoors, using a flashlight at night, keeping your yard well maintained to deter snakes, etc., then your risk of being bitten is minimal. Most copperhead bites are from people walking around barefoot or in flip flops or from grabbing snakes. The majority of rattlesnake bites are because people are messing with them or trying to kill them. If you leave snakes alone, they will leave you alone.

22. SNAKE ~ No U.S. snake is aggressive; however they will become defensive in fear for their lives.

23. SNAKE ~ Most venomous snakes have a pupil resembling a cat’s; an oblong shape with peaked ends, like a slit in the center of the eye. Non-venomous snakes usually have round pupils. There is always the exception. The coral snake, a very venomous snake in the United States, has round pupils.

24. SNAKE ~ Rattlesnake Roundups are synonymous with animal abuse and exposes children to extensive animal abuse while showcasing it in a positive light. The venom collected from these snakes is not medically viable, and their forceful removal from the landscape has drastic environmental consequences, destruction of habitats including allowing the spread of pest animals and Lyme disease.

25. SNAKE ~ The evolutionary history of venomous snakes can be traced back to as far as 25 million years. Snakes aren’t the top predator many people think they are; they’re prey for higher predators. Rattlesnakes are important to the ecosystems and make up a significant proportion of the middle-order predators keeping natural ecosystems working. Without them the numbers of prey species would increase to unnatural levels and predators who eat snakes would struggle to find food.
-In that role, they pass the bounty of their prey’s population boom up the food chain. When a large prey population attracts and sustains a large snake population, those snakes become plentiful prey for birds of prey such as eagles, hawks, or mammals like skunks and raccoons. For instance, the king snake is extremely important for controlling rodent populations also prey on rattlesnakes because they’re immune to rattlesnake venom.
-The feeding habits of snakes act as a natural form of pest control; its estimated mice in the US cause $20 billion in damage annually, and Timber rattlesnakes indirectly benefit human health; an adult male timber rattlesnake can remove 2,500 to 4,500 of ticks carrying Lyme disease each year by feeding on infected mice and other small mammals which carry black-legged ticks.
-Venomous snakes in particular benefit humans indirectly in other ways. A protein isolated from Southern Copperhead venom slows or prevents breast cancer tumors from metastasizing and slows the growth of the blood vessels feeding the tumors. Neurotoxins isolated from snake venom have applications in the treatment of neurological disorders such as Parkinsons, Alzheimers, multiple sclerosis, and pain management.

26. SNAKE ~ If it bites you and you die it’s venomous. … If you bite it and you die it’s poisonous.
Venom is injected
Poison in ingested
How does a snake become poisonous?
By eating toxic frogs and lizards.
-There are both venomous and poisonous snakes. Venom must be injected and poisons can be absorbed through the skin or mucous membranes, inhaled or ingested. So pit vipers and coral snakes are venomous, you can eat them and be just fine. Poisonous snakes, if eaten, can cause you to become sick. Snakes who eat poisonous prey, like toads, can potentially be poisonous if eaten. This is a fairly recent topic of study, so there’s still not a lot of info.

27. SNAKE VENOM~ There are 3000 snake species, just over 600 are venomous. Snake venoms are made up of hundreds of different types of peptides, enzymes, and toxins. Each individual snake produces its own specific venom.
-Seven drugs derived from animal venom have been approved by the FDA to date to treat conditions ranging from hypertension and other heart conditions to chronic pain and diabetes. Ten more are in clinical trials and even more in pre-clinical stages awaiting tests for safety and then trials in humans.
-Scientists have discovered a huge range of applications for venom. Rattlesnake venom contains a chemical called crotoxin which is toxic to cancer cells. Researchers targeted the toxicity in crotoxin to create a cancer treatment, called CB24, which finds and kills tumor cells growing out of control.
-In the 1970s, scientists created one of the first medications based on the chemical properties of venom. The venom of the Brazilian pit viper contains a protein which disrupts the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which raises blood pressure in humans and mammals. Researchers converted the venom into a non-toxic ACE-blocker, used to treat high blood pressure. Today, millions of Americans take ACE-blockers, which reduces the risk of kidney disease, stroke, and diabetes.
-Scientists are currently working with venom from the king cobra by isolating a particular toxin with strong potential as a treatment for chronic pain due to its analgesic painkilling effects. They’ve manipulated the toxin’s ability to act on the central nervous system to produce a drug capable of reducing sensitivity to pain showing painkilling effects 20 times greater than morphine and with zero side-effects.
-There are twenty million toxins remain unexplored in nature and it takes seven to 25 years to develop a drug once a toxin has been identified.