HOME ~ Private Reference Library
1. When some of us refer to Europeans/Caucasians it’s easier for us to replace those words with “White People” which is not necessarily meant in a bad way.
2. 1st Nation Indigenous didn’t hate Europeans just for the clouds of shit-smelling awfulness they dragged around behind them. When the Pilgrims 1st came to these lands… one of the very 1st things we really tried to help them learn was soap making and usage… we were like, for rillz, try this…. no, please, try it right this very second…. Missionaries met Indians who thought Europeans were “physically weak, sexually untrustworthy, atrociously ugly” and “possessed little intelligence in comparison to themselves.” The Europeans didn’t do much to debunk the comparison in the physical beauty department. Verrazzano, the sailor who witnessed the densely populated East Coast, called a native who boarded his ship “as beautiful in stature and build as I can possibly describe.” …. British fisherman William Wood described the Indians in New England as “more amiable to behold, though dressed only in Adam’s finery, than … an English dandy in the newest fashion.”
3. According to a Pilgrim journal from the days immediately after their arrival, Pilgrims raided Indian graves for “bowls, trays, dishes and things like that. We took several of the prettiest things to carry away with us, and covered the body up again.”
4. Europeans thought baths attracted the black humors (National Library of Medicine. Hippocrates ‘ca. 460 BCE–370 BCE’ is credited with developing the theory of the four humors – blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm, and their influence on the body and its emotions), or some such bullshit, because they never washed and were amazed by the Indians’ interest in personal cleanliness. The natives, for their part, viewed Europeans as “just plain smelly” according to first hand records.
5. How soon you forget where your roots come from and your sea-water wetbacks illegal immigrant White Racist Forefathers who started illegal immigration never learning our native language…Europe sent its worst people…murders, sick with deadly diseases, racists, muggers, and when asked to leave they proceeded to murder men, women and children, rape, and forcefully stole the land you’re standing on.
6. As soon as Europeans crossed the Atlantic exploring and colonizing lands and people, epidemics of infectious diseases meant illness, death, and rapid depopulation. Endemic malaria plagued European immigrants, infections of smallpox, measles, influenza, cholera, yellow fever and tuberculosis killed some, diseases such as syphilis and gonorrhea frequently rendered others infertile, seriously altering patterns of reproduction and population replacement. The massive changes in land use which accompanied European colonization seriously compromised Indigenous people’s health through hunger and starvation unraveling the viability of traditional social and political organization.
7. You euro Christian’s have killed our fathers and mothers, raped our sisters, assassinated our brothers. You’ve killed and are continuing to kill almost all wildlife, polluted our water looking for gold, yet you claim to love nature despite what you’ve done to it. You’ve shoved bibles down our throats and refused to consider us until June 2, 1924 when Congress granted us citizenship to OUR OWN LAND.
8. North American Indian population from an estimated 12 million in 1500 to barely 237,000 in 1900 represents a ”vast genocide . . . , the most sustained on record.” By the end of the 19th century, writes David E. Stannard, a historian at the University of Hawaii, native Americans had undergone the ”worst human holocaust the world had ever witnessed, roaring across two continents non-stop for four centuries and consuming the lives of countless tens of millions of people.
9. Genocide was performed on my ancestors to erase the Natives. Your comment continues the genocide of trying to erase our native blood.
10. Jamestown VA, the first settlement, its inhabitants were starving to death because they didn’t know how to grow their own food. They had spent most of their days digging random holes in the ground in search of gold instead of planting crops. By the beginning of 1610, the settlers at Jamestown were dining on “dogs, cats, rats, and mice. Some colonists dug corpses out of their graves to eat them.” One man murdered his pregnant wife and “salted her for his food.” The first Virginians were so desperate they went from taking Native American slaves to offering themselves up as slaves to the Native Americans in exchange for food.
11. If you blame Native American communities for their poverty, remember the entire continent was stolen from them. If you blame Black American communities for their relative poverty remember Black Americans were stolen from a continent, trafficked and enslaved for 245 years and held hostage for another 100 years through the captive servitude of legal oppression.. Tell me again how your family “started from nothing” when they migrated. Didn’t they start from Whiteness? Seems like a pretty good start. The American Dream required dual genocides, but tell me again about fairness and equal opportunity. Tell me about democracy modeled after the Iroquois Confederacy. Tell me your proud heritage, and I will show you the violence that made it so.
12. For some reason, people equate Technology with Colonization; but it depends on what you mean by technology. The peoples of South American may not have had much in the way of machines but they had stone masonry at least as good as Europe’s, and mathematics and astronomy better than Europe’s. Native American societies in general had a genius for botany, and an extraordinarily high proportion of our modern crops were first domesticated in pre-Columbian America.
13. Technology with Colonization can clearly be seen by the European invasion, their use of dominant culture as a weapon, and the clear belief “superior” technology was a suitable excuse for lawlessness, exploitation by the privations of displacement, and in the violence of warfare and enslavement. What people don’t comprehend is over the course of thousands of years, a multitude of plant species were domesticated, bred and cultivated by the Indigenous peoples of the American continent. This American agricultural endowment to the world now constitutes more than half of all crops grown worldwide. The Indigenous peoples developed entirely new species and strains through artificial selection, as was the case in the domestication and breeding of maize from wild teosinte grasses in the valleys of southern Mexico. Maize alone now accounts in gross tonnage for the majority of all grain produced world-wide.
14. When the Pilgrims 1st came to these lands… one of the very 1st things we really tried to help them learn was soap making and usage… we were like, for rillz, try this…. no, please, try it right this very second….
15. Frank Waln ~ No matter where you live in America, you’re living on occupied land that Indigenous peoples’ were murdered for…
16. Unless you can trace your family line back to someone who made deerskin pants look stylish and could field dress a buffalo you are a descendent of an immigrant. Please stop saying immigrants are ruining our country. Such comments are like a giant verbal burrito stuffed with historical ignorance, latent racism and xenophobia, all wrapped in a fascist tortilla.
17. Biological warfare involving smallpox. One of the most infamous and well documented issues during Pontiac’s War was the use of biological warfare against 1st Nation Indigenious. The suggestion was posed by Amherst himself in letters to Colonel Henry Bouquet. Amherst, having learned that smallpox had broken out among the garrison at Fort Pitt, and after learning of the loss of his forts at Venango, Le Boeuf and Presqu’Isle, wrote to Colonel Bouquet: Could it not be contrived to send the small pox among the disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them. Bouquet, who was already marching to relieve Fort Pitt, agreed with this suggestion in a postscript when he responded to Amherst just days later on 13 July 1763:P.S. I will try to inoculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets that may fall in their hands, taking care however not to get the disease myself. As it is pity to oppose good men against them, I wish we could make use of the Spaniard’s Method, and hunt them with English Dogs. Supported by Rangers, and some Light Horse, who would I think effectively extirpate or remove that Vermine. In response, also in a postscript, Amherst replied: P.S. You will Do well to try to Inoculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets, as well as to try Every other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race. I should be very glad your Scheme for Hunting them Down by Dogs could take Effect, but England is at too great a Distance to think of that at present. Historians Elizabeth Fenn and Benedict Kiernan have shown, “Fort Pitt had anticipated these orders. Reporting on parleys with Delaware chiefs on June 24, a trader William Trent wrote: ‘[We] gave them two Blankets and an Handkerchief out of the Small Pox Hospital. I hope it will have the desired effect.’ The military hospital records confirm that two blankets and handkerchiefs were ‘taken from people in the Hospital to Convey the Smallpox to the Indians.’ The fort commander paid for these items, which he certified ‘were had for the uses above mentioned.’ Historian Elizabeth Fenn has documented ‘the eruption of epidemic smallpox’ among Delaware and Shawnee Indians nearby, about the time the blankets were distributed.”
18. Exists for the sole purpose of controlling people and resources while funneling wealth to a ruling class.
19. Empires of European origin has been defined by their desire to control our lands, resources and people. After militarily defeating our respective tribes, the Empire needed a mechanism or idea (other than Manifest Destiny) to legitimize their control over us and ensure that we not rise up and fight them again.
20. Our people are pacified, either violently by the police state, or passively through the welfare state.
21. Look at the laundry lists of assaults against our rights by the government. I’m not talking about the genocide that occurred centuries ago (though we shouldn’t forget that,) I’m talking about the genocide that is happening NOW.
22. The Empire crushed us, took our lands, took our resources, and took our rights. And now we go the polls and ask them to dole out our rights back to us? These are rights we already have, inherent in our existence as Indigenous people. I refuse to crawl to our oppressors to politely ask for them back.
23. I refuse to pretend my rights are theirs to give to me.
24. Some people’s lives cease to exist if they’re not elevating themselves at the expense of others. Your derogatory comments regarding Indigenous people exposes racism, which may amuse both you and your friends, but just know you’re in the minority. Its 2017 and most people are more sophisticated and informed; but feel free not to let facts get in the way of you parading around in an attempt to divert the subject and make yourself appear virtuous.
25. The National Crime Victimization Survey: 2013, the most recent year available, shows Whites accounted for 71% of all sexual assaults documented (above their total percentage of 63% of the US population), while Latinos accounted for 9%, which is far below their total percentage of 17%.
26. A De Beers diamond mine 90km away from Attawapiskat Tribe but paid only $226 in royalties in 2014 Ontario Canada
27. East Indians are taking our jobs overseas: They did NOT take our jobs, they accepted jobs OUR companies decided to outsource so anger is misplaced. We repeat narratives from pundits because we want their validation of our own beliefs.
28. Everyone wants to be an Indian, those Culture Vultures and counterfeit Buffalo Head Nickel Indians, masquerading around in faux buckskin and dyed turkey feathers proclaiming to be the grandchild of a Cherokee Princess or Chief; a Medicine Wo/men, Spiritual Teacher, Clan Mother, or “Tribal” Leader. Those who’ve read a book, claim to participate in authentic Indian rituals, or used an Indian name generator haven’t gone through Indian shit. Do they know what it feels like to be a real Indian? Real Indian’s, the Indigenous People are impoverished, suppressed, and oppressed.
29. Was America Ever Great? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1STOyE9mJ-U If you don’t know this you should. It’s a keeper for those pesky debates on the standards we need to return to….and how Trump or Hillary or Stein or Bernie or Hitler will make amerikkka great again….. because fuck amerikkka. And fuck White Supremacy….and if this is what you want to return to, fuck you too.
30. Indigenous/Native’s are the only race in North America who have to LEGALLY PROVE RACE with European Enforced Government Documentation. No other race of people who came to our homeland has to do this to prove their race; Not Blacks, Not German, Irish or Jewish Whites, Not Asians or anyone including your pigment lacking forefathers.
31. If you will stop telling lies about Blacks/Indigenous/etc., we will stop telling the truth about them.
32. Your comment is narrow with no depth or desire for understanding the fullness of the racial divide in this country. Part of the root of America’s lie begins in history via every Indigenous person ever born.
33. I know the 1st Nation as a whole thinks of the American created lie we were the bad guys.
34. The history of carnage and genocide, stolen land and stolen labor in the US will forever link Black and Indigenous folks, and let us be clear that the two are not mutually exclusive, as there can be no Black Liberation without Indigenous Sovereignty.
35. According to the laws of the United States, specifically article Six of the Constitution,” which states that treaties are the supreme law of the land” however the treaties signed with the U.S. are merely “worthless words on worthless paper.
36. The USA is really fortunate Indigenous only want equality and not White Genocide
37. The U.S. “annexation” of Native American land has resulted in once proud tribes becoming mere “facsimiles of White people.
38. LOS ANGELES: During the 1850s, Angelenos contrived an economic scheme which essentially subjected Native Americans to a type of indentured servitude. They used alcohol to incentivize the scheme to the Native Americans.
39. This system supplied cheap labor and revenue for the town, and in the process, decimated L.A.’s native population. The system worked as follows: Local ranchers and vineyard owners started paying some or all of the wages owed to their Indian laborers in alcohol. The Native Americans then got drunk off the alcohol and American lawmen arrested them for drunkeness. The next morning, after sobering up, the Indians were auctioned off to local ranchers and vineyard owners who would post their bail in exchange for one week of forced servitude. At the end of the week, if the Indians performed their work satisfactorily, one third of the sale price was given to the laborer. Of course, this payment was usually in the form of more alcohol. So the vicious cycle of alcohol-induced arrest and resulting servitude often repeated itself.
40. 526 yrs. of the (un)justice system has been a destructive process for this country. And Indigenous have been paying for it ever since.
41. One cannot ‘discover’ what was never lost in the first place! Unlike Christopher Columbus, Native people always knew where they were, right her on Turtle Island. It has been estimated there were upwards of 100 million Indigenous people living here at the time of the Europeans who found hundreds of different culturally, richly textures settled peoples scatters all across the land, most with very complex and sophisticated matriarchal social/political organizations and belief systems. Voyagers finally showed up, their names were the one extolled in your White history books, not the names of First Nations people who got the Europeans where they wanted to go!
42. Due to insane, racist, vicious policies and laws, and, of course, war, theft of land, imposition of Christianity, starvation and disease, fall of the matriarchy, generations of Native people could not practice their culture and were deprived of even the most basic understanding of our own people, and of the human rights generally accorded every other US citizen. As a result, to this day few Natives know their own cultural practices and history much less those of other tribes; sadly, this includes those Natives currently living on reservations.
43. There is no such thing as a tribe called Iroquois. It is simply a European hybrid term derived from an Algonquian insult and a French suffix that has been adopted to describe nine tribes with similar lifestyles and languages (Huron, Peton, Neutral (now extinct), Mohawk, Onandaga, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga, Tuscarora). In fact the word “Iroquois” is a derogatory term and should not be used. Like the derogatory names of a number of tribes (‘Sioux’ and ‘Eskimo’ being two), it was a label given by their enemies and then adapted by the Europeans. The Algonquin called them the Iroqu (Irinakhoiw) “rattlesnakes.” After the French added the Gallic suffix “-ois” to this insult, voila, the name evolved into Iroquois. ALWAYS use the correct term,Haudenosaunee meaning “People of the Longhouse.” ‘SIOUX’ also means “little snake” and ‘Eskimo’ means “Eaters of Raw Meat” Don’t use them – use Lakhota and Inuit respectively,
44. The French fur traders started using the word “squaw” to mean female genitalia or prostitute. In large part because the pioneers needed to dehumanize their land-grab victims
45. ABORIGINAL Just don’t even go there! It is a term used to describe the Indigenous people in Australia. It is considered an insult to North American Native people.
46. It is one thing for non-Natives to be invited to join some ceremonies; it is quite another for non-Natives, particularly the “wannabe’s” (I wannna be in your culture cuz mine sucks, and I’m gonna be more Native than the average Native), to take ceremonies as their own, give themselves pipes, start conducting sacred ceremonies without investing the time and understanding of what they are doing. There is no crash course, it is a lifetime of commitment to the Good Red Road. Just so you know – if you paid money for a visionquest or sweatlodge or some such other sacred ceremony from a Native or Non-Native, then it was not a sacred event to begin with.
47. Non-Natives who give themselves pipes and call themselves pipe-carriers are no such thing. Anyone, for that matter, who has given themselves a pipe, has probably not earned it. True pipe can be given in only one of two ways: By someone who knows you; By someone who does not know you! (this is how Thunderbird received her pipe, she’ll tell you the story sometime). In each case, the “giver” has to be a legitimate pipe-carrying Elder, Traditional Teacher or Spiritual Doctor**. Also, the recipient of the pipe has to have undergone years of indoctrination and training. Following the Good Red Road is a cultural commitment which includes many years of often difficult immersion into Native culture and all that entails. One does not become a Priest, Rabbi, or Minister with a couple of weekend courses! Why do folks think otherwise when it comes to Native Culture.
48. Far-sighted Native Leaders wanted education for their offspring to help them cope in the new world called North America. They had no intension of surrendering their lands, cultural traditions, language, or accepting forcible confinement of their children in residential school far from their ancestral homes, as well as forcible removal of them from the family unit by Indian Agents. In other words, they made it very clear they desired only education for their offspring, not a fundamental change in their way of life. Native people were victims; they did not willingly agree to the deeply oppressive apartheid policies against its First Citizens.
49. Racist and assimilationist policies are still alive on the agenda of the federal government. Federal apology aside, the healing will not begin in earnest until Native people, the church and state start operating with the same understandings. Moreover, should the outside world be allowed to set arbitrary healing times for a people who have been savaged and beaten for several hundred years? Is this realistic or fair? Rape and sodomy are not easily overcome by anyone, if ever.
50. Native warfare consisted of ‘Warrior to Warrior’ combat; there was a tacit agreement never to harm women and children, except to take them as hostages or slaves. Women were highly valued and many such ‘hostages’ went on to marry their captors, raise families and take leadership roles in their adopted tribes; Rape (and scalping) were savageries introduced by the European invaders. Surprise! The early westerns on Television and movies are to blame with their stereotypical portrayal of Native warriors as savages.
51. ‘how’ was introduced by the Europeans because of their inability to discern different sounds within a wide variety of Indigenous languages. The sound was also reinforced by the early racist television shows and films of Hollywood. Many Native languages or dialects require the use of sounds that are not produced in the English language. These sounds are usually made at the back of the throat or through the nasal passages and they communicate wordless expressions of approval, disapproval, joking, or acknowledgment. In the vast array of languages and dialects there is no group of words common to all. However, almost all Native Americans use the English language for communicating with non¬tribal people
52. Native people are no more pre-disposed to alcoholism or other substance abuse than members of any other ethnic group; Alcohol was deliberately given to Native people during the fur trade years as a means of control and to take advantage of very sophisticated Native traders – remember for thousands of years, Native culture was based on trading; Cultural genocide attempts such as the introduction of alcohol are the principle cause of great despair among Native people. Most reserves across both Canada and the United States are at the same subsistence levels as third world countries with poverty and strife being the norm rather than the exception. It is little wonder that despairing people turn to artificial means to mask their fear and anger.
53. There hasn’t been a lot to laugh at in post-European contact history; nonetheless, Native people are endowed with rollicking good humor. The quiet, wry sense of humor from some Elders can result in “rolling in the aisles laughter” from the listener. Humor is what gets Native people through the tough times; Oral narratives are full of humorous and comical tales. Native people have to trust you first before you see this side.
54. The eyes are the windows to the soul. In the tribes, it was a sign of disrespect to look at someone directly; it was viewed as trying to steal the soul. It is a learned behavior for Native people to have to look directly at you. Even so, it is still in the gene pool of most modern Natives to look just past the ear when speaking. It is respectful, not disrespectful.
55. Native leaders came to the negotiating table standing in their own truth, but were greeted with a staggering amount of lies and subterfuge. All of the early treaties that gave away almost two-thirds of OUR land mass were based on theft which was based on lies. Even in the presence of the eagle feather and sacred pipe, which represented the “straight truth”, promises were routinely broken, by the Government, Treaty Negotiators (Indian Agents) and European Traders. Dishonesty rests with those responsible for the debacle in the first place, not the Indigenous people!
56. It wasn’t until June 2, 1924, Congress granted citizenship to Native Americans born in the U.S. Yet even after the Indian Citizenship Act, we still weren’t allowed to vote until 1957 because the right to vote was governed by White People Law.
57. In 1935 Native American people could be fined and sent to prison for practicing traditional religious beliefs and in 1978 natives were not to be imprisoned any longer for ceremonies and religious practices, but this didn’t go into effect until 1983. And if you follow what’s going on at Standing Rock and Red Warrior Camps you’ll see peaceful prayer is being met with assault weapons, pepper spray and viciously aggressive attack dogs.
58. In 1968, discrimination was made illegal but never went into effect. Indian Civil Rights Act (1968) also called the Indian Bill of Rights; Native Americans were guaranteed many civil rights they had been fighting for. The ICRA supports the following: Right to free speech, press, and assembly Protection from unreasonable search and seizure Right of criminal defendant to a speedy trial, to be advised of the charges, and to confront any adverse witnesses Right to hire an attorney in a criminal case. Protection against self-incrimination. Protection against cruel and unusual punishment, excessive bail, incarceration of more than one year and/or a fine in excess of $5,000 for any one offense. Protection from double jeopardy or ex post facto laws. Right to a jury trial for offenses punishable by imprisonment. Equal protection under the law and due process. Other civil rights such as sovereignty, hunting and fishing, and voting are still issues facing Native people today.
59. Not until in 1969, and after years of unequal schooling, the National Indian Education Association (NIEA) was formed to fight for equal education for Native Americans.
60. Media protection: advocates had to go all the way to the United Nations to seek laws protecting the rights of Native people to own their own media, and for the prosecution of those who persecuted their journalists
61. What happens to the narrative that we are in the land of the free and education is a leveling force when we realize one group has been singled out to censor and deny what every other American has? … Historical amnesia
62. Between 1850 and 1860, the state of California paid approximately 1.5 million dollars ($250,000 reimbursed by the federal government) to hire “militias” whose purpose was to protect settlers from indigenous populations. These “private military forays” were involved in several massacres including the Yontoket Massacre, the Bloody Island Massacre at Clear Lake, and the Old Shasta Massacre. These “militias” sometimes participated in the “wanton killing” of Native peoples. The first governor of California, Peter Burnett, openly called for the extermination of the Indian tribes, and in reference to the violence against California’s Native population, he said, “That a war of extermination will continue to be waged between the two races until the Indian race becomes extinct, must be expected. While we cannot anticipate the result with but painful regret, the inevitable destiny of the race is beyond the power and wisdom of man to avert
63. Native Americans are being killed by police at a higher rate than any other group
b. At least 26 Native Americans have been killed by U.S. police since January 1, 2016.
At least 20 were killed in 2015.
At least 16 were killed in 2014.
At least 4 were killed May 1, 2013 – December 31, 2013.
The true number is undoubtedly higher because many remain unidentified as Native American and many are mistakenly identified as Hispanic, Latino or White.
c. As of October 15 The Guardian lists 13 killed in 2016 and 13 killed in 2015.
The Washington Post lists 12 killed in 2016 and 10 killed in 2015.
64. Funny how everyone loves the “Indian” who talks about the Trees, Water, Harmony, Feathers etc etc etc BUT nobody likes the “Indian” who talks about the Invasion, Terrorism, Murder, Theft or Rapes by the White Man.
65. BOARDING SCHOOLS The US government wanted to destroy the identity of Indians by ripping over 100,000 children from their homes and families and put in boarding schools to be “civilized” by beating the native out of them with leather belts, whips and sticks.
66. BOARDING SCHOOLS 460 boarding and day schools had been built near reservations, most run by religious organizations with government funds. All told, more than 100,000 Native Americans were forced by the U.S. government to attend Christian schools where tribal languages and cultures were replaced by English and Christianity. Students were prohibited from speaking their native languages. Instead, they were supposed to converse and even think in English. If they were caught “speaking Indian” they were severely beaten with a leather belt.
67. BOARDING SCHOOLS Virtually imprisoned in the schools, children experienced a devastating litany of abuses, from forced assimilation and grueling labor to widespread sexual and physical abuse “where recent generations learned the fine art of standing in line single-file for hours without moving a hair, as a lesson in discipline; where our best and brightest earned graduation certificates for homemaking and masonry; where the sharp rules of immaculate living were instilled through blistered hands and knees on the floor with scouring toothbrushes; where mouths were scrubbed with lye and chlorine solutions for uttering Native words.”
68. BOARDING SCHOOLS ran on bare-bones budgets, and large numbers of students died from starvation and disease because of inadequate food and medical care. School officials routinely forced children to do arduous work to raise money for staff salaries and “leased out” students during the summers to farm or work as domestics for white families.
69. BOARDING SCHOOLS Physical hardship, however, was merely the backdrop to a systematic assault on Native culture. School staff sheared children’s hair, banned traditional clothing and customs, and forced children to worship as Christians. Eliminating Native languages — considered an obstacle to the “acculturation” process — was a top priority, and teachers devised an extensive repertoire of punishments for uncooperative children. “I was forced to eat an entire bar of soap for speaking my language,” says AIUSA activist Byron Wesley (Navajo).
70. BOARDING SCHOOLS After the United States declared independence, American politicians quickly identified dissolution of Native American cultures as a necessary step in undermining tribal saliency and in ensuring the political dominion of state and federal governments. By the 19th century, policymakers were convinced that encouraging Indians to put aside their “savage ways” would help tribal populations achieve cultural and spiritual salvation through Christianity. In 1869, President Grant initiated a “Peace Policy” granting Christian missions contracts and federal funding to civilize and Christianize the Native American peoples of assigned reservations. The federal government established boarding schools for the children of tribal communities to teach English, Christianity, and occupational skills in order to “Kill the Indian in him and Save the Man.”
71. The term “Indian” is itself a category created by a religiously contextualized legal and cultural discourse that enabled Euro-American acquisition of territories and resources.
72. The real vandalism taking place at Standing Rock is bulldozing sacred burial sites, destroying land and unleashing vicious attack dogs on unarmed people.
73. No. Dakota should be prosecuting the crimes of threatening and destroying the water of millions and the violent attacks on peaceful Water Protestors.”
74. At Standing Rock, we have seen those that are gathering peaceably and prayerfully being met with unprecedented violence. Unarmed people including elders and children are being maced, beaten, shot, arrested, strip-searched and left unclothed in kennels meant for animals.
75. The United States is in the process of writing another disgraceful chapter in its history of relations with Indigenous Peoples.
76. Common sense dictates it is time for President Obama to meet those who are seeking protection for the sanctity of water, yet instead are jailed while those willing to pollute it are protected.
77. During a meeting between Barack Obama and Chief Arvol Looking Horse Obama indicated he understood Treaties and would address the violations against our people. As Indigenous Peoples we took his words as his word of honor. We recognize those who fulfill their words and those who do not. During Obama’s term he has been resistant to uphold his word by refusing to meet with the Aboriginal Indigenous Spiritual People of the Earth.
78. Police in so called law enforcement wearing masks to cover up there shameful faces. They don’t want the world or probably seen their own families to see what they are doing to unarmed people.
i. 11-15-16 ~ DAR-847 License plate of undercover van
79. DAPL lies and the constant shifting of the story by saying they don’t need because it already has the access it needs via permits attained under the federal Mineral Leasing Act.shows they are getting desperate.”
80. If you don’t want me to talk about the past stop celebrating it.
81. Ancestors planted corn along the paths; the 1st 2 rows were left for visitors known and unknown. It shows Creator we have compassion, our hearts are open to share whether in abundance or in scarcity.
82. Alcatraz changed the course of history, not only for the island, but for the government and its relationship with the Indigenous. President Nixon ended the U.S. tribal termination policy in June 1970, while they still were on the island. This was a result of the public spotlight that the occupation put on Indian issues. The occupation was the most significant event in Native American history since the 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn: It brought the Indian issues to the forefront of the public awareness. Two things, 1st the government had to recognize a new Indigenous militancy. 2nd, plans to sell the island to private developers were dropped and Alcatraz is now part of a national park drawing in 1.4 million visitors a year.
83. The land bridge was a theory created out of thin air in 1902… 6 yrs. later, it was busted…. in fact it’s been busted in a multitude of ways and proved a lie as per “9 – repeat allele” genetic marker, yet you’ve never bothered to learn the truth and are spewing regurgitated sound-bites just as you’ve been trained to do by the media…. If the land bridge is 10 to 20 thousand yrs. old why do we have extinct cultures throughout the US who died out 50 to 100 thousand yrs. ago? Why is Michigan copper which can only be found in Michigan, found in the tombs of Egyptian mummies? Why is cocaine and tobacco, which is only found in the Americas also found with these same mummies?
84. What Christianity has done to Indigenous people on earth is one of the most evil crimes ever committed.
85. When are you going to acknowledge this land always contained people who belonged to this land in a way you do not?
86. 10-23-16 ~ Tipiwizin, a young mother at Standing Rock, called out for help, urging all those who came and camped at Standing Rock to return. “The police, the military, armored vehicles, assault rifles, they are chasing our people, surrounded our people, chasing them into the river.” We come from people who were chased down, hunted down and gunned down by the military and the police. History is repeating itself. All those stories we were raised with, that we carry in our hearts, of our people, fleeing, running, racing, for our lives, just to live. We are the grandchildren and great grandchildren of those who survived the US Government federally mandated massacres on our people.
87. CIVILIZED – To be civilized is to have a decent respect for human life in that one feels the demise or suffering of another human being brought on by another is wrong and stems from misunderstanding. A simple respect for the quality of human life against the elements of the world could be rationalized as “civil.” You don’t have to have more than someone else in order to be civilized. In order to be civilized you must have some sort of moral values and uphold them. To be civilized means to have some level of refinement, education, morals, and values. Something you obviously lack based on your comment.
88. The acute trauma endured by the incarcerated, the abused, the raped, the trafficked, the starved, the murdered, and the dispossessed does not exempt the perpetrators.
89. You rationalize your racism on the basis of your personal experiences with members of group you dislike. You’re being highly selective when it comes to the experiences you think I should draw my conclusions, this is the very definition of statistical illiteracy. After all, if your negative experiences with Blacks/Indigenous “prove” Blacks/Indigenous are bad people, then by definition, anyone who had had good experiences with Black/Indigenous people would be able to say all Blacks/Indigenous are good people, right? This points to the biggest flaw in your thinking, recall just how many bad experiences with other White people you had and didn’t lead you to generalize about all White folks as a bad group of people.
90. Your euro Christian ancestors killed our ancestors, our grandfathers and grandmothers, fathers and mothers, raped our sisters, assassinated our brothers, aunts, uncles and cousins, then stole our land. You’ve killed and are continuing to kill almost all wildlife, then polluted our water looking for gold and oil, yet you claim to love nature despite what you’ve done to it. You’ve shoved bibles down our throats and refused to consider us until June 2, 1924 when Congress granted us citizenship to OUR OWN LAND.
91. You’ve watched too many spaghetti westerns with their stereotypical portrayal of Native warriors as savages.
92. Please continue underestimating me so I can continue embarrassing you
93. You wear you prejudice, racism and bigotry as though it is they are coat of many colors.
94. We are not “Indian” or “Native American” or “HISpanic” or “Mestizo” or even “Latino”. These are European/Spaniard names given to us. We are earth tribe, we honor our Earth mother, we know how to live with the land because we listen to our mother. Tribe or not, and no matter what color skin, we all have one thing in common. Our Earth mother. She will go on living without us, and over time heal herself. It is up to us to see that, and honor her.
95. The many slaughters of our people in the wintertime, many in the WM’s holiest season: The Great Swamp Massacre of December 19, 1675, The Rogue River of December 23, 1855, Mankato on December 26, 1862, December 28, 1872 Yavapai and Apache killed, and Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890, with 23 Congressional Medals of Honor to the soldiers for their “bravery.” These are remembered in our hearts out of respect for each one, and for the many others unnamed.
96. Approximately 97 percent of the population on the Pine Ridge Reservation live below the poverty line, and about 90 percent are unemployed. Thousands of homes there lack electricity, adequate heating, clean water and sewage systems, according to data from the American Indian Humanitarian Foundation.
97. President Andrew Jackson… from 1829 to 1837, Jackson oversaw one of the worst episodes of ethnic cleansing in American history. Under his reign tens of millions of acres of land were confiscated from Native American tribes in the Southeast for white settlement, a process that culminated in the notorious Trail of Tears in which some 50,000 Cherokee were forcibly evicted from their land and sent on a forced march to Oklahoma in which some 5,000 died. Perhaps more than any other president in history, Jackson symbolizes the brutality of the centuries-long genocidal policy euphemistically known as “indian removal”
98. Navajo captives under U.S. Army guard at Fort Sumner, Bosque Redondo, New Mexico, circa 1864–1868. The forced removal of the Navajo, which began in January 1864 and lasted two months, came to be known as the “Long Walk.”,,, The Long Walk of the Navajo, also called the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo (Navajo: Hwéeldi), refers to the 1864 deportation of the Navajo people by the government of the United States of America. Navajos were forced to walk from their land in what is now Arizona to eastern New Mexico. Some 53 different forced marches occurred between August 1864 and the end of 1866. Some anthropologists claim that the “collective trauma of the Long Walk…is critical to contemporary Navajos’ sense of identity as a people”. At least 200 died during the 18-day, 300-mile trek. Between 8,000 and 9,000 people were settled on an area of 40 square miles with a peak population of 9,022 by the spring of 1865.
99. April Showers bring may Flowers but the Mayflower brought Smallpox
100. Hakai Institute on the remote Triquet Island on B.C.’s Central Coast. (land bridge lie) Archeologists working on site have dated it to at least 14,000 years ago, when much of the continent was covered by glacial ice save a relatively small strip of coastland. http://www.coastmountainnews.com/news/418405193.html#.WOUwkKrgBqE.facebook
101. This country honors slavery, uses schools to brainwash minds to propagate lies as truth, created media to promote hate and consumerism, invents laws making it illegal to defend yourselves from oppression, propagates corporate rape and land destruction, uses the populations children as weapons for war profiteering, poisons water and foods with bioweapons and fluoride and all the while forcing taxes on cover these costs. YOUR forefathers eradicated my forefathers so your leaders could do this to you.
102. When most people hear the words “undocumented immigrants” they think Mexicans right? But did you know there’s a lot Americans living illegally in Mexico? Yeah, I didn’t think so. 2015 the number of Americans living illegally in Mexico has increased 37.8%. According to a study by the National Institute of Geography and Statistics, approximately 739,168 US Citizens and, according to the National Institute of Immigration, of those only 65,302 were legal residents. While Trump’s administration and campaign have been loaded with hateful words and racist slurs concerning “immigrants stealing our jobs,” they failed to even mention the reverse statistics.
103. THE LAND IS NON- NEGOTIABLE, IT HAS NO PRICE TAG This is treaty land; land and water are the only things left to us other than stories passed down from the ancestors. We had our languages taken away, many tongues are now extinct because Euro Christian’s killed the ancients; murdered our fathers and mothers, raped our sisters, brothers traded for African slaves so ships didn’t return to Europe empty. Children were forcefully taken from their parents, placed in boarding schools where they were raped, abused and thousands killed because there wasn’t enough room to house them. White’s weren’t lynched and burned or their genitals cut off and shoved in their mouths at town picnics. Police didn’t shoot White men, didn’t breed them; Whites were never torn from their homes and sold like dogs or had families destroyed. Drugs, alcohol or smallpox infected blankets weren’t spread through their communities. Experimental vaccines weren’t tested on their ancestors. Euro Christian’s are not subject to a justice system where they face harsher sentences for the same crime as a White person. So not only was our land stolen but they killed our food supply, and are continuing to kill almost all wildlife with chemicals., They’ve polluted our water looking for gold, fracking and pipelines, shoved bibles down our throats and refused to consider us until June 2, 1924 when Congress granted us citizenship to OUR OWN LAND. Yet they name their sports teams and streets after us, appropriate our regalia as Halloween costumes and claim to love nature despite what they’ve done to it. Again; THE LAND IS NON- NEGOTIABLE, IT HAS NO PRICE TAG
104. Removal of Indian children from their homes appears to be a lucrative business in South Dakota, to the tune of “almost a hundred million dollars a year,” according to a 2011 NPR investigation. That’s not including the “adoption incentive bonus” paid to the state when “they move kids to foster care and into adoption – about $4,000 a child.” If the child has special needs, “a state can get as much as $12,000” and interestingly, South Dakota “designated all Native Children” as “special needs.” Consistent with South Dakota’s Department of Social Services, Adoption Subsidy Program, the definition of special needs includes “a child’s age, race, or religion” which has pathologized simply being Indian. In a state where Native Americans make up only “15.5 percent of the child population,” yet account for “54 percent of the youth foster care population,” per the Lakota Law Project, it’s lucrative to steal Indian children from tribes because they have little to no voice in a representative democracy. It’s worth mentioning that South Dakota ranked 47th in a 2015 nonpartisan Center for Public Integrity investigation where the state received an “F” for everything from Public Access to Information to Electoral Oversight and a “D” for Judicial Accountability. http://countercurrentnews.com/2017/03/stealing-indian-children-is-a-lucrative-business-in-south-dakota/
105. Do you know how many people died for this country? Approximately 5 million slaves, and 80-100 million 1st Nation Indigenous Native Americans.
106. Paulette Steeves ~ “The history of indigenous people in the Americas was manufactured, to make it easier to overlook the atrocities that colonization brought. “When people started coming here to the Americas, they were finding signs of great civilizations, and stories were created to say these sites and this civilization was not built by the indigenous people — they called them the savages, they created the people here as ‘nature’, not as culture. If it’s culture, you can’t massacre them, or kill them, or put a head price on them. But if they are nature, it’s okay to do that.”
107. We live in a country that will demand a burial for a fetus but will casually bulldoze an Indigenous grave site for an oil pipeline.
108. LAND BRIDGE: The land bridge was a theory created out of thin air in 1902… 6 yrs. later, it was busted…. in fact it’s been busted in a multitude of ways and proved a lie as per “9 – repeat allele” genetic marker, yet you’ve never bothered to learn the truth and are spewing regurgitated sound-bites just as you’ve been trained to do by the media…. If the land bridge is 10 to 20 thousand yrs. old why do we have extinct cultures throughout the US who died out 50 to 100 thousand yrs. ago? Why is Michigan copper which can only be found in Michigan, found in the tombs of Egyptian mummies? Why is cocaine and tobacco, which is only found in the Americas also found with these same mummies?
109. LAND BRIDGE: The 9 – repeat allele DNA study confirms 1sy Nation Indigenous Native Indian’s descended from a single ancestral group supporting the single ancestral population theory. Native Americans are more closely related to each other than to any other existing Asian populations, except those living at the very edge of the Bering Strait. The “9-repeat allele,” the variant (which does not have a biological function), occurred in all of the 41 populations that they sampled from Alaska to the southern tip of Chile, as well as in Inuit from Greenland and the Chukchi and Koryak people native to the Asian (western) side of the Bering Strait. Yet this allele was absent in all 54 of the Eurasian, African and Oceanian groups. The allele was absent in other Asian populations most likely meant that America’s ancestral founders had been isolated from the rest of Asia for thousands of years before they moved into the New World: that is, for a period of time that was long enough to allow the allele to originate in, and spread throughout, the isolated population.
110. LAND BRIDGE: An overview of the people who first discovered and lived in the Americas, called American Indians, Native Americans or 1st Nation Indigenous. The question of who colonized the Americas, and when, has long been hotly debated. Traditionally, Native Americans are believed to have descended from northeast Asia, arriving over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska some 12,000 years ago and then migrating across North and South America. HOWEVER THERE WAS NO LAND BRIDGE
111. LAND BRIDGE: There are 4 tribes who claim Cherokee blood. Back when Indians were forced to enroll, many Whites wrote themselves in as Indian so they could get free food. So many Whites did this many natives starved to death. The Whites also paid for enrollment for land which also blocked natives from land. These are the people studies are talking about when DNA scientists claim Cherokees are from the Middle East/Asia, Africa etc. It was their blood which was tested……(if tested at all). Total and complete fabrication and lies.
112. LAND BRIDGE: Why are people so attached to the land bridge THEORY?… Because most people have difficult time grasping the fact ancient peoples could navigate any distance at all. You do realize a land bridge can go both ways, right?
113. LAND BRIDGE: Do you know which way the footprints were heading?? They may acknowledge one day mankind began here on Turtle Island and spread to Asia, Europe and Africa which explains why Europeans appear to have no connection to Mother Earth.
114. LAND BRIDGE: To date over 400 Pleistocene archeological sites in the western hemisphere older than 11,000 years old have been unearthed. We’ve been here over 60,000 years, likely over 100,000 years, and there is a great deal of evidence to supporting it.
115. LAND BRIDGE: Archeologists invented a pan-hemispheric cultural group called the Clovis people “Clovis first” hypothesis. The Clovis people didn’t exist. Based on the discovery of a fluted tool in Clovis, New Mexico, “Clovis first” argues Indigenous 1st Nation North Americans have been here no longer than 12,000 years, arriving from Asia over a land bridge connected to Siberia. “The bias against pre-Clovis is so strong that many archeologists who found older sites and reported on them were academically destroyed. For years, archeologists spent their time looking for this ‘Clovis’ tool in Siberia and Asia to show culture came from the East to the West. Nothing has ever been found. Fiedel said any stone spear point found before Clovis, was probably made by monkeys. which just goes to show how biased he is, he will admit monkeys were here making tools, but not 1st Nation Indigenous Indians.
116. LAND BRIDGE: There are roughly 6,912 main languages and 39,491 alternate language names and dialects, therefore there is no way 12,000 years cuts it anymore. Also why are the most ancient sites in South America, diffusing to the Northern continent, they must of come a lot earlier, and the Indigenous 1st Nation Indians came from the south, not from some land bridge theory created in 1902.
117. LAND BRIDGE: Our DNA is unique. We are not Asian, European or African but 1st Nation Indigenous tribes in the Americas are linked as per the “9 – repeat allele” genetic marker.
118. LAND BRIDGE: Each year there are more and more great discoveries. In Sierra di Capivara, Brazil there are 35 thousand rock paintings (8000-12000 BC) and a cave with a fireplace dated at 50 thousand yrs. old. The Mapuche of Chile arrived in South America 50,000 yrs. ago.
119. LAND BRIDGE: Theory of Phoenician discovery of the Americas ~ The Phoenician’s were Canaanites by race not of Hamitic, but rather of Semitic origin. Gold Stater Coins found in America proved to be modern forgeries and the only 2 sites indicating they arrived before Columbus have both been proven to be fraudulent. Also the landing of a storm-driven party from Sidon has long been recognized as a clever forgery. The Olmec’s were Amerindians NOT Africans and nothing even remotely hints at anything African Negroid – only the usual Amerindian culture of Meso-America, neither have DNA tests of Olmec descendants today revealed ANY genetic connection to Africa and in all probability carried the “9 – repeat allele” genetic marker which occurred in all of the 41 populations sampled from Alaska to the southern tip of Chile, as well as in Inuit from Greenland and the Chukchi and Koryak people native to the Asian (western) side of the Bering Strait.
120. TO IMMIGRANT: It’s interesting to see how even immigrants feel they have the right to dictate to Blacks/Indigenous 1st Nation Indian how they should feel about racism in their own country.
121. You’ve been taught the standard world view, but understanding issues of colonization is important to thinking critically. If you don’t understand what colonization is, and where it came from, how can you decolonize your own mind?”
122. Indigenous people are even more likely than Black people to be affected by police violence and the lack of accountability that follows, but both are significantly affected because of the unique nature in which anti-black and anti-indigenous violence are inextricably linked to the American system.
123. This would have been my land but your ancestors stole it from my ancestors.
124. People tell Blacks and 1st Nation Indigenous to “Get Over It” and “Stop Whining” about stuff from the past. Meanwhile, there is literally blood in the streets because those same people can’t let go of a flag from the Civil War.
125. For those White people who want to take *their* country back, take a DNA test and a history lesson then buy a one-way ticket back to Europe!
126. So, when you became educated by the colonizer in the ways of the noble savage, did you ever once learn from the natives or just accept your approved education document from the oppressor?
127. Never forget, your government has the power it wields only because your ancestors supported criminal activity for personal comfort
128. You believe your ancestors won the land by being the superior culture. 1st Nation Indigenous lived in balance with mother earth; father moon, brother coyote and sister bear. One of the best examples of how people got Native Americans all wrong is Cahokia, a massive Native American city located in modern day East St. Louis. In 1250, it was bigger than London, and featured a sophisticated society with an urban center, satellite villages and thatched-roof houses lining the central plazas. While the city was abandoned by the time White people got to it, the evidence they left behind suggests a complex economy with trade routes from the Great Lakes all the way down to the Gulf of Mexico. Pilgrims couldn’t believe their luck when they found American forests just naturally contained “an ecological kaleidoscope of garden plots, blackberry rambles, pine barrens and spacious groves of chestnut, hickory and oak.”
129. Historians think the Iroquois Confederacy had a direct influence on the U.S. Constitution, and the Senate even passed a resolution acknowledging that “the confederation of the original thirteen colonies into one republic was influenced … by the Iroquois Confederacy, as were many of the democratic principles which were incorporated into the constitution itself.”
130. December 26, 1862 ABRAHAM LINCOLN sentenced 38 Lakota men…fathers, uncles, brothers…to hang in what is still the largest mass execution in modern history. Authorities in Minnesota asked President Lincoln to order the immediate execution of all 303 Indian males found guilty of hunting off of their assigned reservation. Lincoln was concerned how this would play with the Europeans, whom he was afraid were about to enter the war on the side of the South. He offered the following compromise to the politicians of Minnesota: They would pare the list of those to be hung down to 38. In return, Lincoln promised to kill or remove every Indian from the state and provide Minnesota with 2 million dollars in federal funds; it was nothing more than murder to obtain the land of the Santee Sioux and to appease his political cronies in Minnesota. Have a disagreement with history, and not wanting to remember the War Between the States is one thing, but to erase a significant event in national history is another and sets a dangerous precedent.
131. THEODORE ROOSEVELT Roosevelt exulted in “our manifest destiny to swallow up the land of all adjoining nations who were too weak to withstand us.” He judged it “desirable for the good of humanity at large that the American people should ultimately crowd out the Mexicans from their sparsely populated Northern provinces” and wrest the rest of the West from Indians. Although the term ‘extermination’ might have been avoided, there was a clear intent to fulfill ‘Manifest Destiny’, from the small-pox infested blankets to the bounty on buffalo to the deceptive treaties promising one thing and delivering another. President Theodore Roosevelt referred to the Western Nations as the ‘Red Wastes’ in one of his books.
132. GEORGE WASHINGTON instructed Major General John Sullivan to attack Iroquois people. He said, “lay waste all the settlements around… that the country may not be merely overrun, but destroyed.” In the course of the carnage and annihilation of Indian people, Washington also instructed his general not to “listen to any overture of peace before the total ruin of their settlements is effected.”
133. GEORGE WASHINGTON Used Loopholes To Keep Slaves. Washington inherited his first slaves at the age of 10, used legal loopholes to keep people enslaved throughout his life, even as abolition took hold throughout the north. While living in Philadelphia, he found a way to get around the Gradual Abolition Act of 1780, which stated that any slave who lived in the state of Pennsylvania for more than six months was free. Washington would secretly send his slaves on trips outside state borders every six months to constantly reset the clock and ensure they would not be legally free.
134. GEORGE WASHINGTON While conflicting accounts exist about whether George Washington was a particularly sadistic or kind slave owner, most historical accounts show he frequently utilized harsh punishments against them. While corporal punishment of slaves through whippings, beatings, and overworking was common throughout the south, records show that was not all Washington did. On several occasions he sold slaves to buyers in the West Indies to punish them. This ensured they would never see their friends or family ever again.
135. GEORGE WASHINGTON While he did in fact have dentures, his teeth came from plantation slaves. Deep in one of Washington’s account books is an entry which shows him buying 9 teeth from them for 122 shillings.
136. THOMAS JEFFERSON was the architect of the Indian Removal Policy. Jefferson’s first promotions of Indian Removal were between 1776 and 1779, when he recommended forcing the Cherokee and Shawnee tribes to be driven out of their ancestral homelands to lands west of the Mississippi River. “Nothing will reduce those wretches so soon as pushing the war into the heart of their country,” he wrote. “But I would not stop there. I would never cease pursuing them while one of them remained on this side of the Mississippi.” After the death of his wife, Jefferson began a decades long affair with his wife’s half-sister, Sally Hemings, the daughter of his father-in-law and one of his slaves. Jefferson began this relationship with Hemings when she was a teenager and legally his property. At the time he was in his 40s. He and Sally Hemings had 6 children together and Jefferson saw to it that all of them were raised as slaves.
137. SCHUYLER COLFAX, Speaker of the US House of Representatives, May 1865. “The government is ready to assist in their support, to grant them reservations, to give them food and make them presents; but it must and will, with sharp hand, enforce their respect to travel, their respect to lives and property, and their respect to trade throughout all this region. And if this cannot be secured, short of their utter extermination, why extermination it must be.”
138. GUTZON BORGLUM was a powerful member of the Ku Klux Klan, the Nationalist, White Supremacist organization created after the fall of the South in the American Civil War. He held a lifetime membership, was on their payroll for the Stone Mountain project, and also known to be a member of the Imperial Koncilium, a council of high ranking Klansmen who oversaw the transfer of power from one Imperial Wizard to another. Borglum agreed to include a Ku Klux Klan altar in his plans for the Stone Mountain Memorial where black people had been lynched and thrown from the mountaintop. This memorial is of racist Confederate leaders Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. There’s a theory Mount Rushmore, known to the Lakota as the “Six Grandfathers” was actually a White Supremacy monument built for Borglum’s KKK contacts.
139. On the eve of secession, JEFFERSON DAVIS, the eventual president of the Confederacy, argued equality between the White working class and White oligarchs could not exist at all without black slavery: “I say that the lower race of human beings that constitute the substratum of what is termed the slave population of the South, elevates every white man in our community … It is the presence of a lower caste, those lower by their mental and physical organization, controlled by the higher intellect of the white man, that gives this superiority to the white laborer. Menial services are not there performed by the white man. We have none of our brethren sunk to the degradation of being menials. That belongs to the lower race—the descendants of Ham.” In other words “White slavery is sin. Nigger slavery is natural.”
140. CONFEDERATE VICE-PRESIDENT ALEXANDER STEPHENS, who pronounced “subordination to the superior race” was the “natural and normal condition” of Black people.
141. ANTHONY HIGGINS, a U.S. Senator from Delaware, in 1895 congressional testimony ~ “It seems to me one of the ways of getting rid of the Indian question is just this of intermarriage, and the gradual fading out of the Indian blood; the whole quality and character of the aborigine disappears, they lose all of the traditions of the race; there is no longer any occasion to maintain the tribal relations, and there is then every reason why they shall go and take their place as white people do everywhere”
142. STONE MOUNTAIN is the symbolic birthplace of the modern Ku Klux Klan. The original Klan, founded in 1865, had been largely stamped out by the mid-1870s after a period of aggressive federal intervention during Reconstruction. In 1915, William J. Simmons, a former Methodist preacher, launched a campaign to reestablish the group. Purportedly inspired by the film “The Birth of a Nation,” a blatantly racist “historical romance” glorifying the original Klan, Simmons led a small group up Stone Mountain one November night in advance of the film’s Atlanta debut. At the summit, they set a cross ablaze. The reestablished Klan’s white supremacist ideology — primarily targeting blacks, but also Jews, Catholics and foreigners — struck a chord in the South, and the group rapidly expanded. By the mid-1920s, national membership was estimated in the millions, including sizable pockets in some northern states. Minority communities found themselves increasingly terrorized by vigilante gangs of hooded, white-robed men.
143. Steven Newcomb: The Evidence of Christian Nationalism in Federal Indian Law, published in the Review of Law & Social Change at New York University School of Law ~ “Monuments in the form of statues are obvious. Other monuments to White Supremacy, however, are made of words on paper and are found in books of court rulings published by the United States government, and in the institutions these rulings support. The rulings and institutions are “paper monuments,” made of concepts, institutional practices, and policies based on notions and doctrines of White Christian Supremacy. This was the subject of my 1993 law review article. Today, 24 years later, the religiously racist concepts and practices of United States federal Indian law used against Native nations have not changed at all. The present-day descendants of White Christian colonizers are perfectly happy to uphold the ideas of domination and dehumanization used by their ancestors and bequeathed to those who would be living in the future, which is today.”
144. In the 1930s, the US illegally deported 600,000 U.S. citizens because they had Mexican heritage
145. The greatest massacre in the history of America took place at Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Reservation December 29, 1890. The commanding American General, General Miles, estimated 300 native peoples, men, women, and children, had been killed. 20 American soldiers were awarded the Congressional Medal Of Honor for their “bravery”.
146. American Horse (1840–1908); chief, Oglala Lakota:
“There was a woman with an infant in her arms who was killed as she almost touched the flag of truce … A mother was shot down with her infant; the child not knowing that its mother was dead was still nursing … The women as they were fleeing with their babies were killed together, shot right through … and after most all of them had been killed a cry was made that all those who were not killed or wounded should come forth and they would be safe. Little boys … came out of their places of refuge, and as soon as they came in sight a number of soldiers surrounded them and butchered them there.”
147. Indigenous Peoples’ Day should replace Columbus Day. With the history of Europeans traveling to these lands to trade with the Indigenous People of Turtle Island, even here in Michigan with the Anishinaabe it’s safe to say Europe already knew about these lands, Asians and Middle Easterners even showed up to trade roughly 500 years before Columbus, he discovered nothing.
He launched an invasion to exploit the people and resources of these lands (Turtle Island) that seen the murder of 8 million people, the introduction of the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade, child sex trafficking and mass rape to these lands. It’s not about erasing history, it’s about not celebrating evil!! We need to teach the real history before revisionist Washington Irvine re-wrote history to sell a fictional book and people started using it as a history lesson.
148. In 1823, the Supreme Court said “The Indian Nations do not have title to their lands because they weren’t Christians. That the first Christian Nations to discover an area of heathen lands has the absolute title.”
149. Oregon Trail 1840-1860’s Only 400 White people were killed, that 1/10 of 1%
150. 26 of the 50 states are Indian names that White people adopted
151. Stop romanticizing the Wild West.
152. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~
i. BORDER – a line separating two political or geographical areas, especially countries.
ii. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ TERRITORY – an area of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or state.
153. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ There was no demarcation of Indigenous lands. Everything from the top of No America to the bottom of So. America, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean belonged to Indigenous. We didn’t have boarders on this land. All lands from the tip of the turtle nose to the tip of its tail as well as side to side were were open for everyone. In fact, the 1st 2 rows of agriculture were specifically grown for travelers and animal life.
iii. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ Each nation had territories, where everyone was allowed access across. What you couldn’t do, [and this was agreed upon by ALL NATIONS] was move in on a territory which was lived in and use it for mass hunting. Whites were welcomed based on the land agreements as dictated by creation. NO HUMAN WAS NOT ALLOWED TRAVEL ALL HAD THE RIGHT TO LIFE.
iv. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ Whites came here knowing our rules, exploited it, used genocide, sickness, slavery, education, laws and government to take all earth rights away from the humans…. then had the audacity to say original inhibitors were now Mexicans, Canadians or whatever…. White government then placed armed guards alongside invisible boarders built imaginary lines of confiscation.
v. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ You need to defend the definition of boarder…. because you know damn well it’s true. And your white pride doesn’t like being called on your bullshit. You know what you are doing as well as all of us. Your government educated definition of border differs from the territories as I have clearly, very clearly explained.
vi. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ Whites, especially those who used genocide, slavery and eugenics have zero business telling other cultures who WERE HERE FIRST, where they can and can’t go.
vii. INDIGENOUS BORDER ~ So, it’s justified to walk into your home, kill half your family, place a “boarder” around your home, tax you, call this home mine, and force your distant family at gun point to provide proof of bloodline to come visit you???
154. When children are educated, the truth is the root of the entire “platform”. Might as well keep teaching them fairy tales because when NOT taught with accuracy and in a respectful way, they grow up telling others to “get over it” and stop whining”.
155. Do you know about any of the serious issues that native people face because of stereotyping… do you know stereotyping leads to profiling …do you know cultural appropriation is a form of racism and every native issue with the USA is based on racism
156. Thanks White People, Knowers of All Things, for clarifying what folks should and should not be offended about, one of your many superpowers. Yet again, you saved the day. Whew
157. Removal of Indian children from their homes appears to be a lucrative business in South Dakota, to the tune of “almost a hundred million dollars a year,” according to a 2011 NPR investigation. That’s not including the “adoption incentive bonus” paid to the state when “they move kids to foster care and into adoption – about $4,000 a child.” If the child has special needs, “a state can get as much as $12,000” and interestingly, South Dakota “designated all Native Children” as “special needs.” Consistent with South Dakota’s Department of Social Services, Adoption Subsidy Program, the definition of special needs includes “a child’s age, race, or religion” which has pathologized simply being Indian. In a state where Native Americans make up only “15.5 percent of the child population,” yet account for “54 percent of the youth foster care population,” per the Lakota Law Project, it’s lucrative to steal Indian children from tribes because they have little to no voice in a representative democracy. It’s worth mentioning that South Dakota ranked 47th in a 2015 nonpartisan Center for Public Integrity investigation where the state received an “F” for everything from Public Access to Information to Electoral Oversight and a “D” for Judicial Accountability.
158. Tough history deserves to be told, not whitewashed.
159. GENOCIDE: From the Greek word for tribe (or race), genos, and the Latin term -cide, the word genocide refers to the extermination of the peoples of a nation (or religious group) carried out by an organization, usually a government.
160. If it wasn’t for slavery and genocide on People of Color, American’s would have never survived their own government for 526 years.
161. Biological warfare involving smallpox. One of the most infamous and well documented issues during Pontiac’s War was the use of biological warfare against the Native Americans. The suggestion was posed by Amherst himself in letters to Colonel Henry Bouquet. Amherst, having learned that smallpox had broken out among the garrison at Fort Pitt, and after learning of the loss of his forts at Venango, Le Boeuf and Presqu’Isle, wrote to Colonel Bouquet: Could it not be contrived to send the small pox among the disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them. Bouquet, who was already marching to relieve Fort Pitt, agreed with this suggestion in a postscript when he responded to Amherst just days later on 13 July 1763:P.S. I will try to inocculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets that may fall in their hands, taking care however not to get the disease myself. As it is pity to oppose good men against them, I wish we could make use of the Spaniard’s Method, and hunt them with English Dogs. Supported by Rangers, and some Light Horse, who would I think effectively extirpate or remove that Vermine. In response, also in a postscript, Amherst replied: P.S. You will Do well to try to Inoculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets, as well as to try Every other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race. I should be very glad your Scheme for Hunting them Down by Dogs could take Effect, but England is at too great a Distance to think of that at present. Historians Elizabeth Fenn and Benedict Kiernan have shown, “Fort Pitt had anticipated these orders. Reporting on parleys with Delaware chiefs on June 24, a trader William Trent wrote: ‘[We] gave them two Blankets and an Handkerchief out of the Small Pox Hospital. I hope it will have the desired effect.’ The military hospital records confirm that two blankets and handkerchiefs were ‘taken from people in the Hospital to Convey the Smallpox to the Indians.’ The fort commander paid for these items, which he certified ‘were had for the uses above mentioned.’ Historian Elizabeth Fenn has documented ‘the eruption of epidemic smallpox’ among Delaware and Shawnee Indians nearby, about the time the blankets were distributed.”
162. What is known of 1st Nation Indigenous was predominantly documented by White observers, many of whom wrote in order to ‘justify the slaughter and mistreatment of the native population’. Consequently, information available on 1st Nation Indigenous peoples and their traditions was presented in light of this ulterior agenda. Tracing and recording Native tradition from elders cannot offer much insight either as approximately ninety percent of the Indigenous peoples, whole generations, were lost to European diseases, massacres, displacement and assimilation resulting in the loss of many bearers of knowledge and tradition. Under such circumstances it is difficult, if not impossible, for the details of an old way of life to be preserved intact and accurately by oral tradition alone across hundreds of years of social and cultural change. It is only through more recent archaeological and ethnological studies, along with the academic involvement of 1st Nation Indigenous peoples a more accurate picture of historical events has emerged. In addition, the impact these events had on 1st Nation Indigenous people and their culture has given rise to more impartial scholarly material to become available, thus providing a deeper and more reliable account of the 1st Nation Indigenous.
163. Missionaries did a real number on 1st Nation Indigenous by preventing us from expressing our devotion to Creator through our own cultures. Those who condemned our cultures simply taught us to hate ourselves and, in the end, to hate God for making us Indian. If God cannot be expressed equally in and through every culture on earth, then you are presenting a foreign religion, not Jesus.
164. Religion was a point of cultural conflict, political motivation, and legal justification throughout the European Empirical Colonization of North America. Beginning in the 14th century monarchs invoked Christian doctrine and papal law to claim 1st Nation Indigenous culture as “heathenry” and “infidelity” as legal grounds legitimizing and mandating their policies of military invasion and territorial occupation.
165. During the 19th and 20th centuries, federal legislation stripped 1st Nation Indigenous of lands, property, and rights, while federal agencies forbade the practice of Indigenous Native religions. Subsequent courts legitimated the historic claim of European nations to Indigenous lands pursuant to the “Doctrine of Discovery,” ruling these policies either legal or unreviewable. While judicial decisions throughout the 20th century also recognized tribal rights to land, water, and self-government as well as the legal obligation of the federal government to protect tribal resources, these rulings have been consistently realized through broken treaties. Throughout the history of the United States, law has articulated, in the language of privilege, right, and moral prescription by federal policy initiatives to relocate, terminate, assimilate, appropriate Native cultures, and religious practices.
166. People debate over how Native Americans are identified, factors such as tribal membership. What constitutes Indigenous cultural practices and or the light skin color of some Latinx with Native ancestry?
167. Slavery has merely evolved into more insidious, albeit socially acceptable oppression.
Having Blacks swallow the “N” word, Indigenous swallow “Prairie N” and Latino swallow “Wetback” without beatings, brutalization and even death. Where did that get us?
Once noble societies of people were reduced to enslavement by White skinned people telling us we’re worthless, less than worthless; no more than a commodity assigned a value to be sold and bartered. The institution of slavery is founded on the belief that once becoming a slave, a person loses his/her status as an individual with inherent freedom, and is forever attached to their owners as a private property. And the scars still exist.
Why must POC continue to compromise our humanity in order for it be more visible to White people who don’t understand racial slurs are not just words; it’s what’s behind the words, the derogatory context thrown at them for centuries without being able to defend themselves or their family without heinous repercussion. Generations of verbal and physical abuse, the brainwashing and mind control of people who had no recourse other than to suck it up.
That’s why 398 years of Black, 526 years of Indigenous and 504 years of Latino racism can’t be forgotten and why “not reacting” and “ignoring” cannot be merely “taken away” for the benefit of those who find it too sensitive because racism goes beyond a sense of entitlement or an intentional or unconscious expression of “White Privilege”…it has more to do with an unwillingness to acknowledge the existence of racism. It’s about White people wanting to feel good about themselves and not wanting to think about things which might make them uncomfortable.