HOME ~ Private Reference Library
1. Frank Waln ~ No matter where you live in America, you’re living on occupied land that indigenous peoples’ were murdered for…
2. Unless you can trace your family line back to someone who made deerskin pants look stylish and could field dress a buffalo, you are a descendent of an immigrant. Please stop saying that immigrants are ruining our country. Such comments are like a giant verbal burrito stuffed with historical ignorance, latent racism and xenophobia, all wrapped in a fascist tortilla.
3. How soon you forget where your roots come from and your sea-water wetbacks illegal immigrant White Racist Forefathers who started illegal immigration, never learned the native language…Europe sent its worst people…murders, rapist, sick with deadly diseases, racists, muggers, and when asked to leave they proceeded to murder men, women and children, rape, and forcefully stole and from you standing on from American Indians.
4. You euro Christian’s have killed our fathers and mothers, raped our sisters, stolen our land, killed almost all wildlife then polluted it looking for gold and shoved bibles down our throats and refused to consider us until June 2, 1924 when Congress granted us citizenship to our own land.
5. North American Indian population from an estimated 12 million in 1500 to barely 237,000 in 1900 represents a”vast genocide . . . , the most sustained on record.” By the end of the 19th century, writes David E. Stannard, a historian at the University of Hawaii, native Americans had undergone the”worst human holocaust the world had ever witnessed, roaring across two continents non-stop for four centuries and consuming the lives of countless tens of millions of people.
6. Biological warfare involving smallpox. One of the most infamous and well documented issues during Pontiac’s War was the use of biological warfare against the Native Americans. The suggestion was posed by Amherst himself in letters to Colonel Henry Bouquet. Amherst, having learned that smallpox had broken out among the garrison at Fort Pitt, and after learning of the loss of his forts at Venango, Le Boeuf and Presqu’Isle, wrote to Colonel Bouquet: Could it not be contrived to send the small pox among the disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them. Bouquet, who was already marching to relieve Fort Pitt, agreed with this suggestion in a postscript when he responded to Amherst just days later on 13 July 1763:P.S. I will try to inocculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets that may fall in their hands, taking care however not to get the disease myself. As it is pity to oppose good men against them, I wish we could make use of the Spaniard’s Method, and hunt them with English Dogs. Supported by Rangers, and some Light Horse, who would I think effectively extirpate or remove that Vermine. In response, also in a postscript, Amherst replied: P.S. You will Do well to try to Inoculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets, as well as to try Every other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race. I should be very glad your Scheme for Hunting them Down by Dogs could take Effect, but England is at too great a Distance to think of that at present. Historians Elizabeth Fenn and Benedict Kiernan have shown, “Fort Pitt had anticipated these orders. Reporting on parleys with Delaware chiefs on June 24, a trader William Trent wrote: ‘[We] gave them two Blankets and an Handkerchief out of the Small Pox Hospital. I hope it will have the desired effect.’ The military hospital records confirm that two blankets and handkerchiefs were ‘taken from people in the Hospital to Convey the Smallpox to the Indians.’ The fort commander paid for these items, which he certified ‘were had for the uses above mentioned.’ Historian Elizabeth Fenn has documented ‘the eruption of epidemic smallpox’ among Delaware and Shawnee Indians nearby, about the time the blankets were distributed.”
7. Exists for the sole purpose of controlling people and resources and funneling wealth to a ruling class.
8. Empires of European origin has been defined by their desire to control our lands, resources and people. After militarily defeating our respective tribes, the Empire needed a mechanism or idea (other than Manifest Destiny) to legitimize their control over us and ensure that we not rise up and fight them again.
9. Our people are pacified, either violently by the police state, or passively through the welfare state.
10. Look at the laundry lists of assaults against our rights by the government. I’m not talking about the genocide that occurred centuries ago (though we shouldn’t forget that,) I’m talking about the genocide that is happening NOW.
11. The Empire crushed us, took our lands, took our resources, and took our rights. And now we go the polls and ask them to dole out our rights back to us? These are rights we already have, inherent in our existence as Indigenous people. I refuse to crawl to our oppressors to politely ask for them back.
12. I refuse to pretend my rights are theirs to give to me.
13. Some people’s lives cease to exist if they’re not elevating themselves at the expense of others. Your derogatory comments regarding Indigenous people exposes racism, which may amuse both you and your friends, but just know you’re in the minority. Its 2016 and most people are more sophisticated and informed; but feel free not to let facts get in the way of you parading around in an attempt to divert the subject and make yourself appear virtuous.
14. The National Crime Victimization Survey: 2013, the most recent year available, shows Whites accounted for 71% of all sexual assaults documented(above their total percentage of 63% of the US population), while Latinos accounted for 9%, which is far below their total percentage of 17%.
15.When are you going to acknowledge this land always contained people who belonged to this land in a way you do not?
16. East Indians are taking our jobs overseas: They did NOT take our jobs, they accepted jobs OUR companies decided to outsource so anger is misplaced. We repeat narratives from pundits because we want their validation of our own beliefs.
17. Everyone wants to be an Indian, those Culture Vultures and counterfeit Buffalo Head Nickel Indians, masquerading around in faux buckskin and dyed turkey feathers proclaiming to be the grandchild of a Cherokee Princess or Chief; a Medicine Wo/men, Spiritual Teacher, Clan Mother, or “Tribal” Leader. Those who’ve read a book, claim to participate in authentic Indian rituals, or used an Indian name generator haven’t gone through Indian shit. Do they know what it feels like to be a real Indian? Real Indian’s, the Indigenous People are impoverished, suppressed, and oppressed.
18. Was America Ever Great?
If you don’t know this you should. It’s a keeper for those pesky debates on the standards we need to return to….and how trump or hillary or stein or Bernie or fozzie bear or hitler will make amerikkka great again….. because fuck amerikkka. And fuck white supremacy….and if this is what you want to return to, fuck you too.
19. Indigenous/Native Americans are the only race in North America who have to LEGALLY PROVE RACE with European Enforced Government Documentation. No other race of people who came to our homeland has to do this to prove their race; Not Blacks, Not Whites, Not Asians or anyone else.
20. If you will stop telling lies about Blacks/Indigenous/etc, we will stop telling the truth about them.
21. The Native Americans didn’t hate Europeans just for the clouds of shit-smelling awfulness they dragged around behind them. Missionaries met Indians who thought Europeans were “physically weak, sexually untrustworthy, atrociously ugly” and “possessed little intelligence in comparison to themselves.” The Europeans didn’t do much to debunk the comparison in the physical beauty department. Verrazzano, the sailor who witnessed the densely populated East Coast, called a native who boarded his ship “as beautiful in stature and build as I can possibly describe.” …. British fisherman William Wood described the Indians in New England as “more amiable to behold, though dressed only in Adam’s finery, than … an English dandy in the newest fashion.”
22. Your comment is narrow with no depth or desire for understanding the fullness of the racial divide in this country. Part of the root of America’s lie…begins in history via every Indigenous/American Indian ever born. I know what the Indian nation as a whole thinks of the American created lie they were the bad guys.
23. The history of genocide, stolen land and stolen labor in the US will forever link Black and Indigenous folks (and let us be clear that the two are not mutually exclusive), as there can be no Black Liberation without Indigenous Sovereignty.
24. According to the laws of the United States, specifically article six of the constitution,” which states that treaties are the supreme law of the land however the treaties signed with the U.S. are merely “worthless words on worthless paper.
25. The USA is really fortunate Indigenous only want equality and not
26. The U.S. “annexation” of Native American land has resulted in once proud tribes becoming mere “facsimiles of white people.
27. LOS ANGELES: During the 1850s, Angelenos contrived an economic scheme which essentially subjected Native Americans to a type of indentured servitude. They used alcohol to incentivize the scheme to the Native Americans.
28. This system supplied cheap labor and revenue for the town, and in the process, decimated L.A.’s native population. The system worked as follows: Local ranchers and vineyard owners started paying some or all of the wages owed to their Indian laborers in alcohol. The Native Americans then got drunk off the alcohol and American lawmen arrested them for drunkeness. The next morning, after sobering up, the Indians were auctioned off to local ranchers and vineyard owners who would post their bail in exchange for one week of forced servitude. At the end of the week, if the Indians performed their work satisfactorily, one third of the sale price was given to the laborer. Of course, this payment was usually in the form of more alcohol. So the vicious cycle of alcohol-induced arrest and resulting servitude often repeated itself.
29. 524 yrs. of the (un)justice system has been a destructive process for this country. And Indigenous have been paying for it ever since!!!
30. Jamestown VA, the first settlement, its inhabitants were starving to death because they didn’t know how to grow their own food. They had spent most of their days digging random holes in the ground in search of gold instead of planting crops. By the beginning of 1610, the settlers at Jamestown were dining on “dogs, cats, rats, and mice. Some colonists dug corpses out of their graves to eat them.” One man murdered his pregnant wife and “salted her for his food.” The first Virginians were so desperate they went from taking Native American slaves to offering themselves up as slaves to the Native Americans in exchange for food.
31. One cannot ‘discover’ what was never lost in the first place! Unlike Christopher Columbus, Native people always knew where they were, right her on Turtle Island. It has been estimated there were upwards of 18 million Indigenous people living here at the time of the Europeans who found hundreds of different culturally, richly textures settled peoples scatters all across the land, most with very complex and sophisticated matriarchal social/political organizations and belief systems. Voyagers finally showed up, their names were the one extolled in you White history books, not the names of First Nations people who got the Europeans where they wanted to go!
32. Due to insane, racist and often vicious policies and laws, and, of course, war, theft of land, imposition of Christianity, starvation and disease, fall of the matriarchy, generations of Native people could not practice their culture and were deprived of even the most basic understanding of their own people, and of the human rights generally accorded every other US citizen. As a result, to this day few Natives know their own cultural practices and history much less those of other tribes; sadly, this includes those Natives currently living on reserve.
33. There is no such thing as a tribe called Iroquois. It is simply a European hybrid term derived from an Algonkian insult and a French suffix that has been adopted to describe nine tribes with similar lifestyles and languages (Huron, Peton, Neutral (now extinct), Mohawk, Onandaga, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga, Tuscarora). In fact the word “Iroquois” is a derogatory term and should not be used. Like the derogatory names of a number of tribes (‘Sioux’ and ‘Eskimo’ being two), it was a label given by their enemies and then adapted by the Europeans. The Algonquin called them the Iroqu (Irinakhoiw) “rattlesnakes.” After the French added the Gallic suffix “-ois” to this insult, voila, the name evolved into Iroquois. ALWAYS use the correct term,Haudenosaunee meaning “People of the Longhouse.” ‘SIOUX’ also means “little snake” and ‘Eskimo’ means “Eaters of Raw Meat” Don’t use them – use Lakhota and Inuit respectively,
34. The French fur traders started using the word “squaw” to mean female genitalia or prostitute. In large part because the pioneers needed to dehumanize their land-grab victims
35. ABORIGINAL Just don’t even go there! It is a term used to describe the Indigenous people in Australia. It is considered an insult to North American Native people.
36. It is one thing for non-Natives to be invited to join some ceremonies; it is quite another for non-Natives, particularly the “wannabe’s” (I wannna be in your culture cuz mine sucks, and I’m gonna be more Native than the average Native), to take ceremonies as their own, give themselves pipes, start conducting sacred ceremonies without investing the time and understanding of what they are doing. There is no crash course, it is a lifetime of commitment to the Good Red Road. Just so you know – if you paid money for a visionquest or sweatlodge or some such other sacred ceremony from a Native or Non-Native, then it was not a sacred event to begin with.
37. Non-Natives who give themselves pipes and call themselves pipe-carriers are no such thing. Anyone, for that matter, who has given themselves a pipe, has probably not earned it. true pipe can be given in only one of two ways: By someone who knows you; By someone who does not know you! (this is how Thunderbird received her pipe, she’ll tell you the story sometime). In each case, the “giver” has to be a legitimate pipe-carrying Elder, Traditional Teacher or Spiritual Doctor**. Also, the recipient of the pipe has to have undergone years of indoctrination and training. Following the Good Red Road is a cultural commitment which includes many years of often difficult immersion into Native culture and all that entails. One does not become a Priest, Rabbi, or Minister with a couple of weekend courses! Why do folks think otherwise when it comes to Native Culture.
38. Far-sighted Native Leaders wanted education for their offspring to help them cope in the new world that was North America. They had no intension of surrendering their lands, cultural traditions, language, or accepting forcible confinement of their children in residential school far from their ancestral homes, as well as forcible removal of them from the family unit by Indian Agents . In other words, they made it very clear they desired only education for their offspring, not a fundamental change in their way of life.Native people were victims; they did not willingly agree to Canada’s deeply oppressive apartheid policies against its First Citizens.
39. Racist and assimilationist policies are still alive on the agenda of the federal government. Federal apology aside, the healing will not begin in earnest until Native people, the church and state start operating with the same understandings. Moreover, should the outside world be allowed to set arbitrary healing times for a people who have been savaged and beaten for several hundred years? Is this realistic or fair? Rape and sodomy are not easily overcome by anyone, if ever.
40. Native warfare consisted of ‘Warrior to Warrior’ combat; there was a tacit agreement never to harm women and children, except to take them as hostages or slaves. Women were highly valued and many such ‘hostages’ went on to marry their captors, raise families and take leadership roles in their adopted tribes; Rape (and scalping) were savageries introduced by the European invaders. Surprise! The early westerns on Television and movies are to blame with their stereotypical portrayal of Native warriors as savages.
41. ‘how’ was introduced by the Europeans because of their inability to discern different sounds within a wide variety of Indigenous languages. The sound was also reinforced by the early racist television shows and films of Hollywood. Many Native languages or dialects require the use of sounds that are not produced in the English language. These sounds are usually made at the back of the throat or through the nasal passages and they communicate wordless expressions of approval, disapproval, joking, or acknowledgment. In the vast array of languages and dialects there is no group of words common to all. However, almost all Native Americans use the English language for communicating with non¬tribal people
42. Native people are no more pre-disposed to alcoholism or other substance abuse than members of any other ethnic group; Alcohol was deliberately given to Native people during the fur trade years as a means of control and to take advantage of very sophisticated Native traders – remember for thousands of years, Native culture was based on trading; Cultural genocide attempts such as the introduction of alcohol are the principle cause of great despair among Native people. Most reserves across both Canada and the United States are at the same subsistence levels as third world countries with poverty and strife being the norm rather than the exception. It is little wonder that despairing people turn to artificial means to mask their fear and anger.
43. There hasn’t been a lot to laugh at in post-European contact history; nonetheless, Native people are endowed with rollicking good humor. The quiet, wry sense of humor from some Elders can result in “rolling in the aisles laughter” from the listener. Humor is what gets Native people through the tough times; Oral narratives are full of humorous and comical tales. Native people have to trust you first before you see this side.
44. The eyes are the windows to the soul. In the tribes, it was a sign of disrespect to look at someone directly; it was viewed as trying to steal the soul. It is a learned behavior for Native people to have to look directly at you. Even so, it is still in the gene pool of most modern Natives to look just past the ear when speaking. It is respectful, not disrespectful.
45. Native leaders came to the negotiating table standing in their own truth, but were greeted with a staggering amount of lies and subterfuge. All of the early treaties that gave away almost two-thirds of Canada’s land mass were based on theft which was based on lies. Even in the presence of the eagle feather and sacred pipe, which represented the “straight truth”, promises were routinely broken, by the Government, Treaty Negotiators (Indian Agents) and European Traders. Dishonesty rests with those responsible for the debacle in the first place, not the Indigenous people!
46. I wasn’t until June 2, 1924, Congress granted citizenship to Native Americans born in the U.S. Yet even after the Indian Citizenship Act, we still weren’t allowed to vote until 1957 because the right to vote was governed by White People Law.
47. In 1968, discrimination was made illegal but never went into effect. Indian Civil Rights Act (1968) also called the Indian Bill of Rights; Native Americans were guaranteed many civil rights they had been fighting for. The ICRA supports the following: Right to free speech, press, and assembly Protection from unreasonable search and seizure Right of criminal defendant to a speedy trial, to be advised of the charges, and to confront any adverse witnesses Right to hire an attorney in a criminal case. Protection against self-incrimination. Protection against cruel and unusual punishment, excessive bail, incarceration of more than one year and/or a fine in excess of $5,000 for any one offense. Protection from double jeopardy or ex post facto laws. Right to a jury trial for offenses punishable by imprisonment. Equal protection under the law and due process. Other civil rights such as sovereignty, hunting and fishing, and voting are still issues facing Native people today.
48. In 1935 Native American people could be fined and sent to prison for practicing certain traditional religious beliefs and in 1978 natives were not to be imprisoned any longer for ceremonies and religious practices, but this didn’t go into effect until 1983. And if you follow what’s going on at Standing Rock and Red Warrior Camps you’ll see peaceful prayer is being met with assault weapons, pepper spray and viciously aggressive attack dogs.
49. Not until in 1969, and after years of unequal schooling, the National Indian Education Association (NIEA) was formed to fight for equal education for Native Americans.
50. Media protection: advocates had to go all the way to the United Nations to seek laws protecting the rights of Native people to own their own media, and for the prosecution of those who persecuted their journalists
51. What happens to the narrative that we are in the land of the free and education is a leveling force when we realize one group has been singled out to censor and deny what every other American has? … Historical amnesia
52. Between 1850 and 1860, the state of California paid approximately 1.5 million dollars ($250,000 reimbursed by the federal government) to hire “militias” whose purpose was to protect settlers from indigenous populations. These “private military forays” were involved in several massacres including the Yontoket Massacre, the Bloody Island Massacre at Clear Lake, and the Old Shasta Massacre. These “militias” sometimes participated in the “wanton killing” of Native peoples. The first governor of California, Peter Burnett, openly called for the extermination of the Indian tribes, and in reference to the violence against California’s Native population, he said, “That a war of extermination will continue to be waged between the two races until the Indian race becomes extinct, must be expected. While we cannot anticipate the result with but painful regret, the inevitable destiny of the race is beyond the power and wisdom of man to avert.
53. Native Americans are being killed by police at a higher rate than any other group
At least 26 Native Americans have been killed by U.S. police since January 1, 2016.
At least 20 were killed in 2015.
At least 16 were killed in 2014.
At least 4 were killed May 1, 2013 – December 31, 2013.
The true number is undoubtedly higher because many remain unidentified as Native American and many are mistakenly identified as Hispanic, Latino or White.
As of October 15 The Guardian lists 13 killed in 2016 and 13 killed in 2015.
The Washington Post lists 12 killed in 2016 and 10 killed in 2015.
54. Funny how everyone loves the “Indian” who talks about the Trees, Water, Harmony, Feathers etc etc etc BUT nobody likes the “Indian” who talks about the Invasion, Terrorism, Murder, Theft or Rapes by the White Man.
55. BOARDING SCHOOLS The US government wanted to destroy the identity of Indians by ripping over 100,000 children from their homes and families and put in boarding schools to be “civilized” by beating the native out of them with leather belts, whips and sticks.
56. BOARDING SCHOOLS 460 boarding and day schools had been built near reservations, most run by religious organizations with government funds. All told, more than 100,000 Native Americans were forced by the U.S. government to attend Christian schools where tribal languages and cultures were replaced by English and Christianity. Students were prohibited from speaking their native languages. Instead, they were supposed to converse and even think in English. If they were caught “speaking Indian” they were severely beaten with a leather belt.
57. BOARDING SCHOOLS Virtually imprisoned in the schools, children experienced a devastating litany of abuses, from forced assimilation and grueling labor to widespread sexual and physical abuse “where recent generations learned the fine art of standing in line single-file for hours without moving a hair, as a lesson in discipline; where our best and brightest earned graduation certificates for homemaking and masonry; where the sharp rules of immaculate living were instilled through blistered hands and knees on the floor with scouring toothbrushes; where mouths were scrubbed with lye and chlorine solutions for uttering Native words.”
58. BOARDING SCHOOLS ran on bare-bones budgets, and large numbers of students died from starvation and disease because of inadequate food and medical care. School officials routinely forced children to do arduous work to raise money for staff salaries and “leased out” students during the summers to farm or work as domestics for white families.
59. BOARDING SCHOOLS Physical hardship, however, was merely the backdrop to a systematic assault on Native culture. School staff sheared children’s hair, banned traditional clothing and customs, and forced children to worship as Christians. Eliminating Native languages — considered an obstacle to the “acculturation” process — was a top priority, and teachers devised an extensive repertoire of punishments for uncooperative children. “I was forced to eat an entire bar of soap for speaking my language,” says AIUSA activist Byron Wesley (Navajo).
60. The real vandalism taking place at Standing Rock is bulldozing sacred burial sites, destroying land and unleashing vicious attack dogs on unarmed people.
61.No. Dakota should be prosecuting the crimes of threatening and destroying the water of millions and the violent attacks on peaceful Water Protestors.”
62. At Standing Rock, we have seen those that are gathering peaceably and prayerfully being met with unprecedented violence. Unarmed people including elders and children are being maced, beaten, shot, arrested, strip-searched and left unclothed in kennels meant for animals.
63. The United States is in the process of writing another disgraceful chapter in its history of relations with Indigenous Peoples.
64. Common sense dictates it is time for President Obama to meet those who are seeking protection for the sanctity of water, yet instead are jailed while those willing to pollute it are protected.
65. During a meeting between Barack Obama and Chief Arvol Looking Horse Obama indicated he understood Treaties and would address the violations against our people. As Indigenous Peoples we took his words as his word of honor. We recognize those who fulfill their words and those who do not. During Obama’s term he has been resistant to uphold his word by refusing to meet with the Aboriginal Indigenous Spiritual People of the Earth.
66. Police n so called law enforcement wearing masks to cover up there shameful faces. They don’t want the world or probably seen their own families to see what they are doing to unarmed people.
11-15-16 ~ DAR-847 License plate of undercover van
DAPL lies and the constant shifting of the story by saying they don’t need because it already has the access it needs via permits attained under the federal Mineral Leasing Act.shows they are getting desperate.”
67. If you don’t want me to talk about the past stop celebrating it.
68. Ancestors planted corn along the paths; the 1st 2 rows were left for visitors known and unknown. It shows Creator we have compassion, our hearts are open to share whether in abundance or in scarcity. .
69. Alcatraz changed the course of history, not only for the island, but for the government and its relationship with the Indigenous. President Nixon ended the U.S. tribal termination policy in June 1970, while they still were on the island. This was a result of the public spotlight that the occupation put on Indian issues. The occupation was the most significant event in Native American history since the 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn: It brought the Indian issues to the forefront of the public awareness. Two things, 1st the government had to recognize a new Indigenous militancy. 2nd, plans to sell the island to private developers were dropped and Alcatraz is now part of a national park drawing in 1.4 million visitors a year.
70. The land bridge was a theory created out of thin air in 1902… 6 yrs. later, it was busted…. in fact it’s been busted 1000s of ways and proved a lie yet you never hear the truth….why is that? If the land bridge is 10 to 20 thousand yrs. old….. why do we have extinct cultures throughout the US who died out 50 to a 100 thousand yrs. ago? Why is Michigan copper which can only be found in Michigan, found in the tombs of Egyptian mummies? Why is cocaine and tobacco, which is only found in the Americas also found with these same mummies?
71. What Christianity has done to Indigenous people on earth is one of the most evil crimes ever committed.
72. When are you going to acknowledge this land always contained people who belonged to this land in a way you do not?
73. CIVILIZED – To be civilized is to have a decent respect for human life in that one feels the demise or suffering of another human being brought on by another is wrong and stems from misunderstanding. A simple respect for the quality of human life against the elements of the world could be rationalized as “civil.” You don’t have to have more than someone else in order to be civilized. In order to be civilized you must have some sort of moral values and uphold them. To be civilized means to have some level of refinement, education, morals, and values. Something you obviously lack based on your comment.
74. The acute trauma endured by the incarcerated, the abused, the raped, the trafficked, the starved, the murdered, and the dispossessed does not exempt the perpetrators.
75. Although the term ‘extermination’ might have been avoided, there was a clear intent to fulfill ‘Manifest Destiny’, from the small-pox infested blankets to the bounty on buffalo to the deceptive treaties promising one thing and delivering another. President Theodore Roosevelt referred to the Western Nations as the ‘Red Wastes’ in one of his books. Full Land and wealth Restitution might alleviate part of the damage done.
76. You rationalize your racism on the basis of your personal experiences with members of group you dislike. You’re being highly selective when it comes to the experiences you think I should draw my conclusions, this is the very definition of statistical illiteracy. After all, if your negative experiences with Blacks/Indigenous “prove” Blacks/Indigenous are bad people, then by definition, anyone who had had good experiences with Black/Indigenous people would be able to say all Blacks/Indigenous are good people, right? This points to the biggest flaw in your thinking, recall just how many bad experiences with other White people you had and didn’t lead you to generalize about all White folks as a bad group of people.
77. You euro Christian’s have killed our fathers and mothers, raped our sisters, stolen our land. You’ve killed and are continuing to kill almost all wildlife, then polluted our water looking for gold, shoved bibles down our throats and refused to consider us until June 2, 1924 when Congress granted us citizenship to OUR OWN LAND. Yet you claim to love nature despite what you’ve done to it.
78. You’ve watched too many spaghetti westerns with their stereotypical portrayal of Native warriors as savages.
79. Please continue underestimating me so I can continue embarrassing you
80. You wear you prejudice, racism and bigotry as though it is they are coat of many colors.
81. We are not “Indian” or “Native American” or “HISpanic” or “Mestizo” or even “Latino”. These are European/Spaniard names given to us. We are earth tribe, we honor our Earth mother, we know how to live with the land because we listen to our mother. Tribe or not, and no matter what color skin, we all have one thing in common. Our Earth mother. She will go on living without us, and over time heal herself. It is up to us to see that, and honor her.
82. The many slaughters of our people in the wintertime, many in the WM’s holiest season: The Great Swamp Massacre of December 19, 1675, The Rogue River of December 23, 1855, Mankato on December 26, 1862, December 28, 1872 Yavapai and Apache killed, and Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890, with 23 Congressional Medals of Honor to the soldiers for their “bravery.” These are remembered in our hearts out of respect for each one, and for the many others unnamed.
83. Approximately 97 percent of the population on the Pine Ridge Reservation live below the poverty line, and about 90 percent are unemployed. Thousands of homes there lack electricity, adequate heating, clean water and sewage systems, according to data from the American Indian Humanitarian Foundation.
84. President Andrew Jackson… from 1829 to 1837, Jackson oversaw one of the worst episodes of ethnic cleansing in American history. Under his reign tens of millions of acres of land were confiscated from Native American tribes in the Southeast for white settlement, a process that culminated in the notorious Trail of Tears in which some 50,000 Cherokee were forcibly evicted from their land and sent on a forced march to Oklahoma in which some 5,000 died. Perhaps more than any other president in history, Jackson symbolizes the brutality of the centuries-long genocidal policy euphemistically known as “indian removal”
85. Navajo captives under U.S. Army guard at Fort Sumner, Bosque Redondo, New Mexico, circa 1864–1868. The forced removal of the Navajo, which began in January 1864 and lasted two months, came to be known as the “Long Walk.”,,, The Long Walk of the Navajo, also called the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo (Navajo: Hwéeldi), refers to the 1864 deportation of the Navajo people by the government of the United States of America. Navajos were forced to walk from their land in what is now Arizona to eastern New Mexico. Some 53 different forced marches occurred between August 1864 and the end of 1866. Some anthropologists claim that the “collective trauma of the Long Walk…is critical to contemporary Navajos’ sense of identity as a people”. At least 200 died during the 18-day, 300-mile trek. Between 8,000 and 9,000 people were settled on an area of 40 square miles with a peak population of 9,022 by the spring of 1865.
88. April Showers bring may Flowers and the Mayflower brought Smallpox
89. Hakai Institute on the remote Triquet Island on B.C.’s Central Coast. (land bridge lie) Archeologists working on site have dated it to at least 14,000 years ago, when much of the continent was covered by glacial ice save a relatively small strip of coastland. http://www.coastmountainnews.com/news/418405193.html#.WOUwkKrgBqE.facebook
90. An overview of the people who first discovered and lived in the Americas, called American Indians or Native Americans. The question of who colonized the Americas, and when, has long been hotly debated. Traditionally, Native Americans are believed to have descended from northeast Asia, arriving over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska some 12,000 years ago and then migrating across North and South America. HOWEVER THERE WAS NO LAND BRIDGE
91. This country honors slavery, uses schools to brainwash minds to propagate lies as truth, created media to promote hate and consumerism, invents laws making it illegal to defend yourselves from oppression, propagates corporate rape and land destruction, uses the populations children as weapons for war profiteering, poisons water and foods with bioweapons and fluoride and all the while forcing taxes on cover these costs. YOUR forefathers eradicated my forefathers so your leaders could do this to you.
92. When most people hear the words “undocumented immigrants” they think Mexicans right? But did you know there’s a lot Americans living illegally in Mexico? Yeah, I didn’t think so. 2015 the number of Americans living illegally in Mexico has increased 37.8%. According to a study by the National Institute of Geography and Statistics, approximately 739,168 US Citizens and, according to the National Institute of Immigration, of those only 65,302 were legal residents. While Trump’s administration and campaign have been loaded with hateful words and racist slurs concerning “immigrants stealing our jobs,” they failed to even mention the reverse statistics.
93. THE LAND IS NON- NEGOTIABLE, IT HAS NO PRICE TAG This is treaty land; land and water are the only things left to us other than stories passed down from the ancestors. We had our languages taken away, many tongues are now extinct because Euro Christian’s killed the ancients; murdered our fathers and mothers, raped our sisters, brothers traded for African slaves so ships didn’t return to Europe empty. Children were forcefully taken from their parents, placed in boarding schools where they were raped, abused and thousands killed because there wasn’t enough room to house them. White’s weren’t lynched and burned or their genitals cut off and shoved in their mouths at town picnics. Police didn’t shoot White men, didn’t breed them; Whites were never torn from their homes and sold like dogs or had families destroyed. Drugs, alcohol or smallpox infected blankets weren’t spread through their communities. Experimental vaccines weren’t tested on their ancestors. Euro Christian’s are not subject to a justice system where they face harsher sentences for the same crime as a White person. So not only was our land stolen but they killed our food supply, and are continuing to kill almost all wildlife with chemicals., They’ve polluted our water looking for gold, fracking and pipelines, shoved bibles down our throats and refused to consider us until June 2, 1924 when Congress granted us citizenship to OUR OWN LAND. Yet they name their sports teams and streets after us, appropriate our regalia as Halloween costumes and claim to love nature despite what they’ve done to it. Again; THE LAND IS NON- NEGOTIABLE, IT HAS NO PRICE TAG
94. Removal of Indian children from their homes appears to be a lucrative business in South Dakota, to the tune of “almost a hundred million dollars a year,” according to a 2011 NPR investigation. That’s not including the “adoption incentive bonus” paid to the state when “they move kids to foster care and into adoption – about $4,000 a child.” If the child has special needs, “a state can get as much as $12,000” and interestingly, South Dakota “designated all Native Children” as “special needs.” Consistent with South Dakota’s Department of Social Services, Adoption Subsidy Program, the definition of special needs includes “a child’s age, race, or religion” which has pathologized simply being Indian. In a state where Native Americans make up only “15.5 percent of the child population,” yet account for “54 percent of the youth foster care population,” per the Lakota Law Project, it’s lucrative to steal Indian children from tribes because they have little to no voice in a representative democracy. It’s worth mentioning that South Dakota ranked 47th in a 2015 nonpartisan Center for Public Integrity investigation where the state received an “F” for everything from Public Access to Information to Electoral Oversight and a “D” for Judicial Accountability. http://countercurrentnews.com/2017/03/stealing-indian-children-is-a-lucrative-business-in-south-dakota/
LAND BRIDGES ~ COPPER ~ COCAINE ~ TOBACCO ~ PERMITS ~ PROCEDURES ~ INSPECTIONS ~ SAFETY DATA ~ SPILLS ~ CONTAMINATES
The Mystery of the Cocaine Mummies
The body of Henut Taui contained large quantities of cocaine and nicotine. The surprise was not just that the ancient Egyptians had taken drugs, but that these drugs come from tobacco and coca, plants completly unknown outside the Americas, unheard of until Sir Walter Raleigh introduced smoking from the New World, or until cocaine was imported in the Victorian era. Toxicologist Dr Svelta Balabanova the inventor of groundbreaking new methods for the detection of drugs in hair and sweat, she was highly respected in her field using a GCMS machine which accurately identifies substances by determining their molecular weight. It was proven BEFORE Columbus these plants were not found anywhere in the world outside of the Americas.” ROSALIE DAVID – Keeper of Egyptology, Manchester Museum tested tissue from 134 naturally preserved bodies from an excavated cemetery in the Sudan, once part of the Egyptian empire. Although from a later period, the bodies were still many centuries before Columbus didn’t discover the Americas. About a third of them tested positive for nicotine and cocaine.
August 2011 AOM: Michigan Copper in the Mediterranean
Recent scientific literature has come to the conclusion that the major source of the copper that swept through the European Bronze Age after 2500 BC is unknown. However, these studies claim that the 10 tons of copper oxhide ingots recovered from the late Bronze Age (1300 BC) Uluburun shipwreck off the coast of Turkey was “extraordinarily pure” (more than 99.5% pure), and that it was not the product of smelting from ore. The oxhides are all brittle “blister copper”, with voids, slag bits, and oxides, created when the oxhides were made in multiple pourings outdoors over wood fires. Only Michigan Copper is of this purity, and it is known to have been mined in enormous quantities during the Bronze Age.Bronze Age which is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron age system in history, archaeology and physical anthropology was a methodological concept adopted during the 19th century by which artifacts and events of late prehistory and early history could be ordered into a recognizable chronology. The technique of mining with firesetting, and stone hammers was used during the Bronze Age, both in Michigan and Europe.
Michigan Copper in the Mediterranean – PDF The Unique Geology of Michigan Copper
Copper: a world trade in 3000 BC?
The era around 3000 BC saw more than 500,000 tons of copper being mined in the so-called Upper Peninsula, in the American state of Michigan. The largest mine was on Isle Royale, an island in Lake Superior, near the Canadian border. Here, there are thousands of prehistoric copper pits, dug thousands of years ago. Extraction from Isle Royal began in 5300 BC, with some even claiming that it began as early as 6000 BC.
OXHIDE INGOTS, COPPER PRODUCTION, AND THE MEDITERRANEAN TRADE IN COPPER AND OTHER METALS IN THE BRONZE AGE – PDF by Michael Rice Jones
Researcher Claims Ancient Greeks Made It to America Before Columbus (in search of copper)
prehistoric Greeks knew that “west of the three islands and northwest of Britain” there was a “great” continent. even before the time of Christopher Columbus, there was a communication which began during the Minoan era and continued until the Hellenistic times. The purpose of these travels during the Bronze Age was related to trade and the transportation of pure copper from Lake Superior of Canada.” The reason for these long journeys during the Bronze Age is documented by the pure copper, which was found in large quantities in the region around Lake Superior and the island Royale, both located in Canada. From this area, about 50,000 tons of copper were mined between 2400 BC and 1200 BC.
Land Bridge Migration Theory Finally Debunked
Native Americans are more closely related to each other than to any other existing Asian populations, except those that live at the very edge of the Bering Strait. Genetic marker in the DNA of modern-day Native American people. Dubbed the “9-repeat allele,” the variant (which does not have a biological function), occurred in all of the 41 populations that they sampled from Alaska to the southern tip of Chile, as well as in Inuit from Greenland and the Chukchi and Koryak people native to the Asian (western) side of the Bering Strait. Yet this allele was absent in all 54 of the Eurasian, African and Oceanian groups the team sampled.
Haplotypic Background of a Private Allele at High Frequency in the Americas ~ Oxford Academic Molecular Biology and Evolution
DNA Analysis Shows That Native American Genealogy Is One of the Most Unique in the World
Multiregional hypothesis ~ Science Daily
The multiregional origin hypothesis of human species holds that some, or all, of the genetic variation between the contemporary human races is attributable to genetic inheritance from either Homo sapiens subspecies, or even other hominid species.
Genetic Drift ~ Science Daily
Genetic drift is the term used in population genetics to refer to the statistical drift over time of gene frequencies in a population due to random sampling effects in the formation of successive generations. In a narrower sense, genetic drift refers to the expected population dynamics of neutral alleles (those defined as having no positive or negative impact on reproductive fitness), which are predicted to eventually become fixe
Long-term response to selection predictable regardless of genetic architecture ~ Science Daily
Evolutionary biologists resolve controversial role of gene interactions for prediction of long-term response to selection By asking the question how much the mean of a complex genetic trait can be increased by selection, Paixao and Barton show the impact of epistasis in two different regimes, when either genetic drift or selection dominate the dynamics of allele frequencies.
Indigenous peoples of the Americas ~ Science Daily
The term indigenous peoples of the Americas encompasses the inhabitants of the Americas before the arrival of the European explorers in the 15th century, as well as many present-day ethnic groups who identify themselves with those historical peoples.
Continents influenced ancient human migration, spread of technology
Genetic data carries the signature of ancient migrations.Using advanced genetic analysis techniques, evolutionary biologists at Brown University and Stanford University studied nearly 700 locations on human genomes drawn from more than five dozen populations. They say that technology spread more slowly in the Americas than in Eurasia and that the continents’ orientation seems to explain the difference. After humans arrived in the Americas 20,000 to 40,000 years ago, genetic data shows, the migrating populations didn’t interact as frequently as groups in Eurasia.
The Genographic Project ~ Science Daily
The Genographic Project, launched in April 2005, is a five-year genetic anthropology study that aims to map historical human migration patterns by collecting and analyzing DNA samples from over 100,000 people across five continents.
North Dakota Had 292 Oil Spills In 2 Years, Only 1 Was Made Public
From January 2012 – September 2013, these pipeline spills were just a part of approximately 750 “oil field incidents” that took place in the state without the public’s knowledge. It’s estimated that around 4,328 barrels worth of oil were spilled in this period.
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS
1 quart of oil contaminates 250,000 gallons of water. Methane de-aerates the water.
There were 220 ‘Significant’ Pipeline Spills in 2016, more than 176,000 gallons of oil spilled in western North Dakota in Dec. 2016 alone. There are 2.5 million miles of pipe, 55% of the U.S. network i.e. 135,000 miles are more than 45 years old. Based on data from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), the number of significant pipeline incidents grew 26.8 % from 2006 to 2015. A significant incident is defined as one that results in serious injury or fatality, costs more than $50,000, releases more than five barrels of volatile fluids such as gasoline or 50 barrels of other liquids, or results in a fire or explosion. In 2015, there were 326 such incidents—almost one per day. Of 466 incidents studied only 22 percent, or 105, were detected by advanced detection systems, ALL others were found in different ways, with the public finding 99 of the leaks. Since 2010, over 3,330 incidents of crude oil and liquefied natural gas leaks or ruptures have occurred on U.S. pipelines. These incidents have killed 80 people, injured 389 more, and cost $2.8 billion in damages…. AND on Wed. Jan. 25, 2017 a 12-inch underground initially spotted in a farm field in north-central Worth County, Iowa Pipeline leaked nearly 140,000 gallons of diesel, so don’t attempt to tell me how safe pipeline are…. Creating a second Flint Michigan and killing people with environmental waste is not the way to make America great…. Every time the earth is drilled, she cries a little tear… Map Displays Five Years of Oil Pipeline Spills
AMERICA’S DANGEROUS PIPELINES
A De Beers diamond mine 90km away from Attawapiskat Tribe but paid only $226 in royalties in 2014 Ontario Canada
8-18-16 ~ PIPELINE ROUTE PLAN FIRST CALLED FOR CROSSING NORTH OF BISMARCK
ENERGY TRANSFER PARTNERS
The Dakota Access Pipeline Project is a new approximate 1,172-mile, 30-inch diameter pipeline that will connect the rapidly expanding Bakken and Three Forks production areas in North Dakota to Patoka, Illinois.
ORIGINAL APPLICATION DATED DEC. 22,2014
17 DIFFERENT ROUTE ADJUSTMENTS MADE IN RESPONSE TO INPUT RECEIVED DURING THE INPUT PROCESS
DIRECTOR OF THE STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF NORTH DAKOTA AND STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION OFFICER FOR NORTH DAKOTA
INSPECTORS ARE ON THE SITE REGULARLY
DETAILED FINDINGS BY THE JUDGE IN HIS MEMORANDUM AND ORDER HERE
THE TRIBE HAS KNOWN SINCE 2003 THIS INTAKE WOULD BE REPLACED. THE TRIBES WATER UTILITY BUSINESS RECEIVED CLOSE TO $40 MILLION IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT GRANTS, INCLUDING NEARLY $30 MILLION IN 2009
NEW WATER INTAKE AND NEW WATER TREATMENT PLANT IN MOBRIDGE SOUTH DAKOTA – OVER 70 MILES AWAY.
BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ENGINEER TOM THOMPSON HAS NOTED THE MOBRIDGE INTAKE AND TREATMENT PLANT ARE ALREADY OPERATING
STANDING ROCK TRIBE HAS SUCH EXTENSIVE WATER RIGHTS AND RESOURCES THAT THEY HAVE THEIR OWN WATER UTILITY.
ACCORDING TO THE ASSOCIATION OF OIL PIPELINES IN 2013, WE MOVED ABOUT 8.3 BILLION BARRELS OF CRUDE OIL VIA PIPELINE COMPARED TO ABOUT 291 MILLION BARRELS OF CRUDE OIL MOVED BY RAIL IN 2013, ACCORDING TO THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN RAILROADS.
Link for Association of American Railroads
doesn’t exist anymore
ASSOCIATION OF OIL PIPE LINES (AOPL) / AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE (API) 2015 U.S. Liquids Pipeline Usage & Mileage Report
ALL OF THEIR DATA IS OPENLY AVAILABLE HERE FOR ANYONE WISHING TO INVESTIGATE THEMSELVES.
PRESS RELEASE ON THE $29.2 MILLION FEDERAL GRANT – U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF RECLAMATION — STANDING ROCK RURAL WATER SYSTEM
BISMARK ROUTING: EARLY DRAFT BISMARK CROSSING
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REPORT
8-18-16 ~ BISMARCK TRIBUNE ARTICLE THE STANDING ROCK SIOUX TRIBAL CHAIRMAN DAVE ARCHAMBAULT II SAID
“… the tribe argues that consequences would be severe if the 30-inch pipeline carrying 450,000 barrels of oil per day were to leak near the reservation’s water intake ”
10-25-13 ~ ND SPILLS WENT UNREPORTED; STATE TESTING WEBSITE
North Dakota, the nation’s No. 2 oil producer behind Texas, recorded nearly 300 oil pipeline spills in less than two years, state documents show. None was reported to the public, officials said.
MARCH 11, 2016 LETTER FROM EPA TO THE US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS WHICH REFUTES THE NARRATIVE THAT REFUTES THE NOTION THAT A PROPER ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY WAS DONE
8-12-15 ~ EPA IS “UPSET” ABOUT THREE MILLION GALLON ANIMAS RIVER SPILL
Environmental Protection Agency’s colossal, three million gallon spill of mining waste containing lead, arsenic and other toxic substances into the Animas River in Colorado. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy says the agency is very sorry: +
DAKOTA ACCESS “FACILITIES RESPONSE PLAN”
FRASER RESEARCH BULLETIN DID A DETAILED REPORT ON THE SAFETY ASPECT OF THIS QUESTION IN AUGUST OF 2015 … THEY FOUND
17 (OR 1,261) OF THE DAPL ENVIRNMENTAL ASSESSMENT
RED RIVER WARRIORS – SACRED STONE CAMP
1. There are alternatives to oil and gas. There is no alternative to water.
2. Water is sacred because it gives life to everything and without water there is no life.
3. The U.S. condemns ISIS for destroying ancient ruins and religious sites in Syria and Iraq for political reasons. Ironically, the U.S. allows private economic interests to do exactly the same thing in our own country.
4. One of the partners in this pipeline is the same as allowed 1,000,000 million gallons to spill into the Kalamazoo River n 2010 ruining the ecology
5. The waters they want to traverse under are the longest and most relied upon in the country.
15,000,000 million people would have their drinking, livestock and irrigation water compromised.
6. An enviro representative states the pipe material was substandard and imported from Thailand.
7. North Dakota authorities erected a barricade 25 miles outside of Sacred Stone camp to deter people and supplies from coming in
8. CAMP OF THE SACRED STONES and RED WARRIOR CAMP http://sacredstonecamp.org/
9. SUPPLY LIST http://sacredstonecamp.org/supply-list/
10. The solidarity, unity and purpose of Indigenous peoples coming together from far off lands, crossing borders and sea’s, standing jointly as one body calling the ancients’ en mass to Standing Rock!
11. 10-23-16 ~ Tipiwizin, a young mother at Standing Rock, called out for help, urging all those who came and camped at Standing Rock to return. “The police, the military, armored vehicles, assault rifles, they are chasing our people, surrounded our people, chasing them into the river.” We come from people who were chased down, hunted down and gunned down by the military and the police. History is repeating itself. All those stories we were raised with, that we carry in our hearts, of our people, fleeing, running, racing, for our lives, just to live. We are the grandchildren and great grandchildren of those who survived the US Government federally mandated massacres on our people.