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The term ETHNIC CLEANSING refers to the removal of people who belong to a specific ethnic or religious group from a country, whether by forcefully displacing them, or by killing them. The goal of such actions is to establish an ethnically uniform country, or other geographic region. In addition to removing people, ethnic cleansing often involves removing any physical, cultural evidence of their existence in the region.
Genocide vs Ethnic Cleansing
Ethnic cleansing is similar to forced deportation or population transfer whereas genocide is the intentional murder of part or all of a particular ethnic, racial, religious, or national group.
a) The removal of an unwanted ethnic group from a society, whether by forced emigration, or by genocide.
b) The expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of an ethnic minority by a dominant majority, in order to achieve ethnic sameness.
Cultural cleansing is the eradication and destruction of cultural artifacts, such as books, artworks, and structures, and the suppression of cultural activities that do not conform to the destroyer’s notion of what is appropriate.
1. West Philadelphia PA May 13, 1985 water and gas lines were shut off. 500 police including SWAT teams came rolling in with massive fire power and after firing more than 10,000 rounds of ammunition in less than 90 minutes with Uzi machine guns and a barrage of teargas and water cannons at the MOVE house. At 5:20 p.m., a blue and white Pennsylvania State Police helicopter hovered 60 feet above a two-story house at 6221 Osage Avenue, in the black, middle-class residential West Philadelphia neighborhood and dropped an incendiary bomb consisting of two sticks of Tovex TR2 with C-4 onto the house starting a fire that raged out of control. Police gunfire in the rear alley forced MOVE members back into the blazing house when they were trying to escape into a police-filled alley hidden from the view of the news cameras. The children, and some of the adults, were shot at or shot and killed by police as they were fleeing the flames and surrendering. Six adults and five children were found shot inside the MOVE home and yet were seen outside running from the flames. Altogether 11 people were murdered, 61 homes including the incineration of thousands of family photos, high school and college sweetheart love letters, heirloom jewelry, inscribed Bibles and Korans, and many other totally irreplaceable mementos.
2. 1921 Tulsa, Oklahoma, known as Greenwood, or Black Wall Street. Police destroyed everything. World War I airplanes dropped bombs on the prosperous Black community. Hundreds, perhaps more, were killed, while 10,000 were left homeless, and 35 square blocks and 600 businesses were destroyed. The Oklahoma National Guard was called in, and Black people were placed in detention camps. This was the heyday of race riots and lynching’s, when whites were resentful of Black progress, and responded with ethnic cleansing.
3. North American Indian population from an estimated 12 million in 1500 to barely 237,000 in 1900 represents a”vast genocide . . . , the most sustained on record.” By the end of the 19th century, writes David E. Stannard, a historian at the University of Hawaii, native Americans had undergone the”worst human holocaust the world had ever witnessed, roaring across two continents non-stop for four centuries and consuming the lives of countless tens of millions of people.
4. Biological warfare involving smallpox. One of the most infamous and well documented issues during Pontiac’s War was the use of biological warfare against the Native Americans. The suggestion was posed by Amherst himself in letters to Colonel Henry Bouquet. Amherst, having learned that smallpox had broken out among the garrison at Fort Pitt, and after learning of the loss of his forts at Venango, Le Boeuf and Presqu’Isle, wrote to Colonel Bouquet: Could it not be contrived to send the small pox among the disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them. Bouquet, who was already marching to relieve Fort Pitt, agreed with this suggestion in a postscript when he responded to Amherst just days later on 13 July 1763:P.S. I will try to inocculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets that may fall in their hands, taking care however not to get the disease myself. As it is pity to oppose good men against them, I wish we could make use of the Spaniard’s Method, and hunt them with English Dogs. Supported by Rangers, and some Light Horse, who would I think effectively extirpate or remove that Vermine. In response, also in a postscript, Amherst replied: P.S. You will Do well to try to Inoculate [sic] the Indians by means of Blankets, as well as to try Every other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race. I should be very glad your Scheme for Hunting them Down by Dogs could take Effect, but England is at too great a Distance to think of that at present. Historians Elizabeth Fenn and Benedict Kiernan have shown, “Fort Pitt had anticipated these orders. Reporting on parleys with Delaware chiefs on June 24, a trader William Trent wrote: ‘[We] gave them two Blankets and an Handkerchief out of the Small Pox Hospital. I hope it will have the desired effect.’ The military hospital records confirm that two blankets and handkerchiefs were ‘taken from people in the Hospital to Convey the Smallpox to the Indians.’ The fort commander paid for these items, which he certified ‘were had for the uses above mentioned.’ Historian Elizabeth Fenn has documented ‘the eruption of epidemic smallpox’ among Delaware and Shawnee Indians nearby, about the time the blankets were distributed.”
5. Every Black child in grade school is taught Hitler killed 6 million Jews and is the worst human being who ever lived. They are also taught “The Honorable Cecil Rhodes, founder of the De Beer Diamond Company in South Africa, the man who htens times as many Africans killed is a hero and statesman, and if they do well in school they may be eligible to win the Those Scholarships, the oldest and most celebrated international fellowship award in the world. However they don’t mention the scholarships are paid for with the blood of their ancestors.
6. If you don’t want me to talk about the past stop celebrating it.