HOME ~ Private Reference Library


1. The Color of Crime – a study of the relationship between crime, race, and ethnicity in the United States.

2. When you’re accustomed to privilege, equality feels like oppression… When people say you have privilege they aren’t saying you don’t have problems. They are saying you do not have the specific problems which come from oppression. This is not a difficult concept.

3. White privilege is the freedom to coast through life believing that everyone is treated like you.

4. White people may experience prejudice or discrimination from People of Color but they can’t experience racism because racism is based on skin color and ethnic origin. Racism is kept alive by power and institutional reinforcement…. . The US Slave Trade caused 5 million deaths and Black people experienced 245 years of captive servitude and an additional 100 years of legal oppression.

5. So at what age does the cute little Black boy become the menacing Black teenager?

6. One reason White Privilege is hard for White people to see is that so much of White Privilege is the absence of bad things happening rather than the presence of good things happening.

7. When a Black man is shot and killed his past is dredged up to find the smallest infraction of his life to focus on, toxicology tests are administered and every last detail of his life, no matter how minute is scrutinized for excuses to victimize the victim and blame him for his own death. The White perpetrator is taken at his word, his exemplary past is focused on

8. Since you’re so opinionated on the subject please explain, at what age is a Black boy supposed to know he’s gone from being sweet and innocent to realizing he’s scary to people such as yourself?

9. Racism is the most insidious and most damaging of all the mental illness known to mankind

10. Racism is just a pigment of your imagination… Not true….victims do not imagine it!

11. So far by July 10, 2016 136 Black people have been shot and killed by police.

12. In 2015 *Unarmed* Black people were killed at 5 times the rate of *unarmed* Whites.

13. A Black man is killed by cops and media prints his prior records. A White teen rapes a girl and media prints his swim times.

14. The Black Lives Matter movement has brought national attention to state violence which goes unfilmed.

15. Black Lives Matter, historically and today Black Lives have not mattered to US Citizens, so now it’s being asked you to acknowledge that Black Lives Matter as well and stop diluting the message by yelling out All Lives Matter.

16. All the way up to the 1960’s Civil Rights Era there were lynching’s; but the Civil Rights didn’t magically solve the problems and you can’t possibly believe we haven’t had any problems since then.

17. The media must include arrest records, supplied by the police agencies that killed them, as though anything in those records could possibly explain their deaths.

18. In this country American means White. Everybody else has to hyphenate. ~Toni Morrison

19. People with White Skin assume everyone with brown skin comes from one continent

20. Black and Indigenous people asking not to be shot for simply existing is not “war.” Black people assembling to protest their senseless killing is not “war.” There may be rage involved, fury, but to stand up for ones rights is not an act of violence ― it’s an act of revolution against an oppressive system.

21. Being the one black person in class and having to voice the feelings of all black people “the Black Perspective”

22. Being told that you talk “white” or you act “white” or that you have a “white” name.

23. White people have a hard time admitting or acknowledging this country was founded on both white and gender supremacy

24. From the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act forward, public-safety officers have been empowered to harass Black bodies in the defense of private capital and the pursuit of public revenue. As a result, no generation of Black Americans has been spared the macabre tradition of drilling into its children tips for avoiding death at the hands of the state—not during slavery, not during the era of Black Codes that followed war, not during Jim Crow, not during the indiscriminate war on drugs, and not in the current era of cops functioning as tax collectors on the poor in decimated municipalities.

25. Not being able to voice your opinion because society thinks you’re complaining but you’re really stating facts

26. Having strangers insist I have to go back to my country even though I’m a US citizen

27. There is so much fear and so much confusion with White people about their role in how structural racism is perpetuated

28. Character not color, that’s what matters

29. Racism isn’t by choice but by programming. Most people of color see and understand this…….while many Whites don’t…..they have never been trained to hate their own color. They have never had to fight themselves due to imagery. This is White entitlement. I don’t mean this in a bad way. Just take notice. This is why people of color have never recovered from the brutality of amerikkka, we’ve never been allowed the chance. How can one recover when one race is always portrayed as clean and sin free and the other dumb and violent? How can we recover when we aren’t allowed to love ourselves without guilt?

30. “If ‘All Lives Matter’ was true, then we wouldn’t have to be out in the streets protesting.

31. Whites pass down racism like bed time stories.

32. The difference between police brutality and Black on Black crime is if a Black man kills another Black man it’s NOT because he’s Black. You’re racism may amuse you and your friends, but just know you’re in the minority. Most people are more sophisticated and informed. Its 2017 get with the program.

33. White Lives Matter / All Lives Matter is like saying ‘The sky is blue’ or ‘The sun rises in the morning and sets in the evening.’ It is not only obvious it goes without saying that all lives matter, we also know how much White lives matter–particularly when you are NOT White.

34. False narrative

35. White people have the complexion for protection

36. White privilege, as a whole still offers better opportunity and treatment to poor Whites than to people of color

37. Racism is an institution disenfranchising people of color. White people haven’t once been disenfranchised by institutions run by White people.

38. Racism is based on the systematic oppression of people. White people have never suffered oppression.

39. It seems like *Thug* is now the accepted way of calling somebody the N-Word

40. Bigots have no shortage of language to express their small-mindedness; it’s well-honed vernacular in a country still struggling with race even decades after constitutionally protected equality was established.

41. Aren’t you supposed to site the source you’re misquoting?

42. Countering “Black Lives Matter” with “All Lives Matter” is a flippant and ignorant distraction from the oppression certain members of society face every day. No-one needs to point out White lives matter, because generally speaking, if you’re White you can have an interaction with a police officer without the genuine fear they might end your life for no reason whatsoever.

43. Unconsciously ignore information difficult for you to process

44. Are you aware that pushing people’s emotional buttons, through derogatory comments, insults, and ad hominem remarks makes them double down on their preexisting beliefs.

45. “Black Lives Matter” is not discounting other lives as mattering. It is used because Blacks are being targeted specifically by the police in the US. Saying “All Lives Matter” in normal circumstances makes sense, but in this context it is belittling the cry of defiance of a clearly oppressed group.

46. One who insinuates that racism or bigotry is a dominant factor with regards to an event that either does not involve race or in which diverse cultures are involved are simply a minor element.

47. Race baiters have been making a great living for decades by stirring up and threatening to stir up racial problems.

48. A bit of advice: don’t offer condescending commentary about a group that you are, by the very act of your comment, a card-carrying member.

49. Not funny but revealing. Nihilism, apathy, self-hatred, racism. Empty courage typing alone in anonymity.

50. All lives matter” …is code for: oh shit, the colors have figured out their lower placement. They know how we did it. Now we gotta use guilt in hopes their assimilated education overrides their new perspective.

51. ignore crucial evidence

52. White Privilege Penalty.

53. You’re wrong and a bit narcissistic, but quite entertaining.

54. Who do you think is doing more damage to our public discourse? Is it the random amateur who exceeds the bounds of all decency by attacking someone on social media, or the professional paid a handsome salary to insert pins and needles into the soft spots of our collective prejudices and fears?

55. This IS 1965 all over again, and it WILL get worse before it gets better. Anyone who lived through the riots of the sixties can see the signs. This is a necessary step in our evolution to equality for all.

56. Your post exposes your worldview as so exceedingly naive and ill-informed that even the incredibly offensive racist undertones it contained are nearly eclipsed by the astounding lack of any intelligent observations or even remotely __________

57. Black lives matter because Black people are persons. One of the greatest tragedies in American history was the myth that America could flourish without Blacks flourishing as persons. From the founding of this country, throughout slavery, Reconstruction, the Eugenics movement, and the Civil-Rights Movement, Black Americans fought to establish themselves, first and foremost, as persons.

58. attempted to silence

59. Silence is the enemy of change

60. “Black Lives Matter” is not an anti-white proposition

61. White people who continue to mischaracterize the affirmation of the value of Black life as being anti-white are suggesting in order for White lives to matter, Black lives cannot.

62. It’s about acknowledging the system already treats White lives as if they have more value, as if they are more worthy of protection, safety, education, and a good quality of life than Black lives are.

63. This movement is not an anti-people movement

64. Interact with ALL citizens and Black citizens in particular.

65. Black Lives Matter centralizes those that have been marginalized

66. insidious and widespread assault on Black life

67. Racist offensive has been the criminalization of generations of Black people in the United States.

68. Black Lives Matter’ does not suggest nobody else’s lives matter. What it means is there is a specific problem happening in the African American community that’s not happening in White communities.

69. If you say “All Lives Matter” you should know what you’re saying. You’re not saying all human life is equal. You’re saying there is no racial disparity in the US. You’re refuting statistics proving there is racial disparity in America. You’re saying, simply and straightforwardly, Black lives do not matter. At least not as much as White ones do.

70. Claiming “All Lives Matter” is an attempt to erase an actual crisis under the guise of being fair and drown out the cry of “Black Lives Matter”

71. Studies proving anti-black racism remains a common, if not foundational reality of everyday American life

72. When people say “Black Lives Matter,” they are acknowledging an important context that involves several centuries of slavery, civil rights, mass incarceration, brutality and death. It’s specifically highlighting the value of Black lives because, historically, this country more often than not ignores the value of Black lives.

73. The problem is “All Lives Matter” is it ignores context similar to the trolls who continue to post about cancer treatments ‘THERE ARE OTHER DISEASES TOO.’” The context of “Black Lives Matter” is not that other lives don’t matter. The context of “Black Lives Matter” is that the value of Black lives remains under assault in the United States.

74. People who claim “All Lives Matter” in the context of the “Black Lives Matter” movement are offensive, insensitive, naïve and blind.

75. “Black Lives Matter” is not about reducing the importance of other groups.

76. White privilege means when you cut your finger and grab a band-aid from the first aid kit, it matches your skin color. It means most hair salons will know how to style your hair. It means when people describe you as an individual, they don’t begin with the color of your skin.

77. All Lives Matter is a flowery notion you can posture to, shielding you from any blame while still getting credit for faux inclusiveness.

78. Spouting All Lives Matter is the cookie you want everyone to give you for not being a racist.

79. Saying All Lives Matter has no social or political consequences. It isn’t a call to re-examine a broken and corrupt justice system. It isn’t a movement; it’s a sentiment, so there’s no risk, in your eyes it’s just a reward.

80. All Lives Matter allows anyone to be activists without actually doing anything. But when someone posts Black Lives Matter, solidarity has been declared with a group of young, Black, and often poor activists in a society which is too often anti-Black, anti-poor, and demonizes dissent. By stating All Lives Matter you’re holding up a mirror to a country eager to soothe its racial guilt with post-raciality.

81. Why do you imagine “All Lives Matter” has NEVER been heard when an officer shoots a Black citizen.

82. If All Lives truly *mattered*, there would be no need for Black Lives Matter.

83. To say All Lives Matter is to accept the Animal Farm status of “All are equal, but some are more equal than others.”

84. _________ doesn’t require an “education” on the history of systemic oppression

85. Racism is the fact that “White” means “normal” and that anything else is different.

86. The system was made for White people, so White people don’t have to think about living in it. Most white people never have to choose and the entire discussion of race in America centers around the protection of White feelings.

87. The reality of thousands of innocent people raped, shot, imprisoned, and systematically disenfranchised are less important than the suggestion that a single White person might be complicit in a racist system. In this country Millions of Black lives are valued less than a single White person’s hurt feelings.

88. To preach All Lives Matter = Black Lives don’t matter enough to be in a position to complain about anything.

89. The “All Lives Matter” moniker is relegated to coded language for, “this isn’t a big deal,” thus, making it a clumsy attempt at whitewashing a real issue which disproportionately hurts a group of people

90. Saying it’s “Way worse than now,” is the not the same as “problem solved;” not even remotely so.

91. Stop throwing defensive points in an attempt to minimize the issue

92. Do Black Lives Matter or All Lives Matter?” is actually quite simple. Of course all lives matter; however, we live in a society that empirically shows, beyond question, that Black lives matter LESS.

93. Your argument is riddled with strawmen, false equivalency, red herrings and circular reasoning with the sole intent to dismiss the message.. Please try again. And while you’re at it please make an attempt to address the POINT of the article and not a knee-jerk defense of your personal position.

94. When people say “All Lives Matter” in response to “Black Lives Matter,” they are not simply opening their arms to the greater diversity of humanity. Instead, they are taking race out of the conversation. While the statement masquerades as a bright and inclusive light, in the shadow of this statement hides a willful ignorance of America’s racist past and present.

95. Adding insult to injury, asserting that All Lives Matter in response to Black folks declaring that Black Lives Matter, turns our eyes away from acknowledging America’s racist past, functioning as a form of dismissal or denial. Through the constitution, slavery and Jim Crow laws, America stood for the belief that some lives were more human, more worthy — that some live mattered more. How can we forget that America codified in its constitution (the same constitution that some insist must be strictly and literally interpreted in its original form) the notion that a black life was only considered to be 3/5ths of a white life?

96. White people don’t regularly think about themselves as White. You are not made to think about your race, because you are not living in a pervasive systemic atmosphere which injures people because of skin color. As such, you easily think of yourself as a “just a person,” as a human being belonging to the human family.

97. When a White person responds to the statement “Black Lives Matter” by countering with “All Lives Matter” they exhibit blindness to the privilege of living outside of a painful and marginalizing lens highlighting their race; a privilege not enjoyed by Black, Red and Brown people.

98. In the words of Jarune Uwujaren: “If you have trouble seeing race or are tired of people making things about race, realize, if they could, most people of color would ignore race too.”

99. All Lives Matter” did not arise in a vacuum. It was not born of a passion for the value of all life; it is not a world-wide social movement for justice. It was a response, a retort, a counter-point to the statement “Black Lives Matter.” While not everyone utters these words with this intent, the phrase nonetheless functions as a dismissal.

100. In a world that would resist or belittle the declaration that Black Lives Matter, that would censor those who speak out for the beauty, power, intelligence and moral authority of Black people.

101. The All Lives Matter retort comes specifically and uniquely to Black folk raising their voices. This is part of White denial about racism and privilege.

102. Ghettos are not caused by the victim, but the rich perpetrators who create the ghettos

103. Those with guns and badges that don’t believe for one moment that Black Lives Matter.

104. Just because discrimination is unconstitutional, doesn’t mean we still don’t live in segregation

105. Don’t stop there…go on with your whitesplaining! This should be as interestingly demented as your initial comment.

106. You’re quick to deny any perceived racism anywhere but the facts is systemic racism is not eradicated in a couple decades. Denying that it exists handicaps any attempt to move forward and they’re repeating the learned behavior in generation after generation.

107. If in the event they’re stopped and frisked, can they pull out their race card? Will this race card increase their chances of survival? Will this race card give them health benefits? How about Obamacare? Will it reimburse them for their son’s casket? Will it unbury his body? Will it remove his name from a tombstone? Can they trade it in for Equality and Equity?

108. Only a fool thinks racism and discrimination still aren’t with us, and the accusation of “pulling the race card” is itself a form of racism. At best, it is to be an enabler of racism by discouraging others from exposing it.

109. It’s an attempt to minimize the effects of racism by referring to any complaints by people of color who reveal racism as playing a “game”.

110. The Civil War ended the ability of the Red States to own people, but it did not change their desire to own people.

111. Complaining about someone “using the race card” has become a legitimate excuse to dismiss what the person is saying without having to actually address the substance of the claims.

112. The current struggle is not merely for reforms of policing, any more than the Montgomery Bus Boycott was simply about a seat on the bus. It is about the full recognition of our rights as citizens; and it is a battle for full civil, social, political, legal, economic and cultural rights as enshrined in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

113. Racism is so deeply embedded in this country not because of the racist right-wing radicals who practice it openly; it exists because of the silence and hurt feelings of US Citizens.

114. The movement is a struggle for the human rights and dignity of black people in the U.S., which is tied to black peoples’ struggle for human rights across the globe.

115. Martin Luther King, Jr. said: “Since we know that the system will not change the rules, we are going to have to change the system. Stop killing us, we deserve to live.” We deserve to thrive, and this requires the full acknowledgement of the breadth of our human rights.

116. We see it in all of the non-indictments after acts of police brutality and racial profiling which communicate very clearly a message that Black Life Does Not Matter and can be taken by the state and exempt from punishment and denying victims’ right to justice.

117. The beautiful thing about the Black Liberation movement is that it is more than saying “Black Lives Matter.” This period in history is a celebration of intersectionality, which mandates that the full breadth of our humanity be acknowledged and embraced. This means that queer, trans, migrant, formerly incarcerated, disabled and all of us who find ourselves unapologetic about our complexity are more committed than ever to champion the scope of the human rights agenda that we deserve.

118. Ella Baker, an activist of the 1960s, reminded us of the global nature of our struggle when she stated: “Remember, we are not fighting for the freedom of the Negro alone, but for the freedom of the human spirit a larger freedom that encompasses all mankind.”

119. When you’re accustomed to privilege, equality feel like oppression

120. Historically the most terrible things; war, carnage genocide and slavery have resulted not from disobedience but from obedience to a society/government/___________

121. Core activists of the Black Lives Matter movement insist on a group-centered model of leadership, rooted in ideas of participatory democracy. The movement modeled itself after the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the 1960s organization which helped Black Americans gain legal access to public spaces and the right to vote.

122. The focus of Black Lives Matter is on policing in Black and Brown communities and on dismantling mass incarceration

123. If you can see a dead Black boy lying in the street for four and a half hours and it doesn’t make you angry, you lack humanity.

124. Too often White people only stand up against racial injustice when it is convenient for them.

125. You take all you want from Black culture, but will you show up for Black lives?

126. White people are still in AWE racism exists

127. The privilege of even speaking up about White privilege and being heard, and not ignored because of your skin color, is privilege itself.

128. White people do not see their own privilege, even though it does exist. They can only see White privilege when it is underlined and contrasted against the same situations where the people do not have the same privilege(s).

129. “White Privilege” is often unrelated to wealth. It’s constant cultural affirmation everywhere you look; few if any social, professional or educational barriers. White privilege is being able to get a taxi any time and place you want one.

130. It’s possible to be poor and benefit from White Privilege. In fact it is guaranteed that if you are White you will enjoy certain privileges in the world and money has nothing to do with it.

131. The US did not start out lily white but for some reason many members of the White race always see themselves as above everyone else.

132. White people have spent years minimizing the opportunities for those whose skin color is different from theirs and now they use the result of that failed experiment to justify keeping people segregated.

133. It goes beyond a sense of entitlement or an intentional or unconscious expression of “White Privilege”…it has more to do with an unwillingness to acknowledge the existence of racism. It’s about White people wanting to feel good about themselves and not wanting to think about things which might make them uncomfortable.

134. There is a feeling of being unfairly “penalized” for the sins of past generations…BUT those SINS are ongoing and benefiting from the results of past racism and has the same effect as intentionally engaging in racism.

135. Past history of racial discrimination…that LEGACY was racist! The result is the offspring of someone who benefitted from racist admissions policies gets preference over the offspring of a person denied entry due to those same policies!

136. The overriding problem is White people just aren’t comfortable talking about race and when they do it tends to focus on how increased diversity and affirmative action have “negative consequences” for White people!

137. The only reason why White America tolerates integration is because it benefits their bottom line and contributes to this racist economy.

138. Since it was White people who caused the issues, why would anyone think they’d solve the issues?

139. Your indirect accusations and racist language

140. Given the body of evidence presented: academic research, editorials, testimony, government reports etc. not to mention the endless loop of footage showing Black citizens killed by police after being stopped under dubious circumstances, somehow White people are able to hold on to their high opinion of the police, the job cops perform in communities of color, and, as it was with the civil-rights movement, their low opinion of Black protest.

141. The household wealth gap between Whites, Asians, Latinos and Black Americans is particularly staggering, the median household net worth for White families now standing at 15 times that of Black households.

142. The average White-owned business has a net worth nearly triple that of the average minority-owned business – $656,364 compared to $224,530

143. Provide a reputable source

144. Albert Einstein ~ The sense of equality and human dignity is mainly limited to men of white skin. Your ancestors dragged these black people from their homes by force in the white man’s quest for wealth and an easy life they have been ruthlessly suppressed and exploited, degraded into slavery. The modern prejudice against Negroes is the result of the desire to maintain this unworthy condition.

145. If we evolved from monkey’s why are there still monkeys?

146. The key element of White Privilege theory is that it requires no racist intent, or overt racism. Though hardly a new concept, White Privilege (along with its cousins “Male Privilege” and “Straight Privilege”)

147. It’s the classic Marxist morality play in which the wealthy elite, fearful of insurrection by the poor people they mistreat, opt to divide and conquer.

148. They offer special status to the white poor to enlist them in the subjugation of everyone else, with the ultimate goal of maintaining power.

149. White we are told being a visual marker of inner courage, while the men of Africa possessing black faces, short bodies, and crisp hair, are ‘cowards of heart’ and ‘guileful’.” That’s pretty classic white racism centuries before the first Europeans set foot in America.

150. The injustices endured by Black Americans at the hands of their own government have no parallel in our history, not only during the period of slavery but also in the Jim Crow era.

151. African-Americans made up less than 1 percent of the North’s population but were 10 percent of the Union Army. Black men weren’t allowed to join the army until 1863. About 180,000 Black men, more than 85 percent of eligible African-Americans in the Northern states, fought. While White soldiers earned $13 a month, Black soldiers earned only $10 — and then were charged a $3 clothing fee that lowered their monthly pay to $7. The highest paid Black soldier made less than the lowest paid White one. After protesting by refusing to accept their wages and gaining support from abolitionist Congressmen, Black soldiers finally received equal pay in 1864 — paid retroactively to their enlistment date.

152. Racist language is used to make people of color look dangerous and make White people come out as not so bad. Look at the different way the people of color are treated; White people are called “shooters” and Black people are called “killers.”

153. Facts are our friend. Biases are not. In order to move forward sometimes you just have to accept your opinions are wrong. It may be unsettling to have a long cherished belief challenged by a fact, but to ignore that inconvenient fact is not in anyone’s best interest. Adjustments in your thinking is often necessary.

154. Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity, Glenn Beck etc. are ENTERTAINERS! Stop getting your opinions from them because there actually is a difference between facts, opinions and propaganda. You should learn the difference.

155. The United States of America can afford to house every homeless veteran, feed every child, and take in every refugee while still having plenty of money left over for a 30 oz. container of Starbucks bottom of the barrel burnt bean ashtray coffee and a family size bucket of chemically enhanced genetically engineered chicken from KFC.

156. Racists don’t see age or gender…all they see is Black!!!

157. YOUR lying eyes may deceive you, but the VIDEO speaks for itself!

158. Has anybody in the history of the world ever said, “Yep, I’m a racist”? Even KKK members will tell you they’re not racist.

159. Functional illiterates feel empowered by their hateful rants

160. Defeating white supremacy requires we battle it whenever we encounter it from within. You cannot love your Red, Brown or Blackness while upholding a system valuing your proximity to Whiteness.

161. Trying to re write history when it has already been documented is not healthy.

162. Research has documented that black girls are punished at school at rates that are even more disproportionate than those experienced by black boys; they are suspended six times more often than white girls

163. Black preschoolers are 3.6x more likely to be suspended than whites. Racism in education is still an issue.

164. Even Albert Einstein who taught a physics class at Lincoln University (HBCU in Pennsylvania) in 1946 said: “The separation of the races is not a disease of colored people. It is a disease of white people. I do not intend to be quiet about it.”

165. Women in the U.S. earn 79 cents for every dollar a man earns, black women earn only 63 cents and Latinas only 54 cents.

166. If we approach the problem of responsibility for ____________, then you first need to answer the key question: who ______________

167. The face of the environmental movement is a White one; however the status quo ignores the realities of environmental racism and the long years that black communities have spent working against it. It assumes that everyone faces the same level of harm when it comes to environmental issues, and a ‘one size fits all’ solution will produce equitable solutions for everyone.

168. Black people have long been left exposed and vulnerable to pollution and other environmental hazards due to racial oppression and discrimination, which constrains their social mobility, political power and economic opportunity.

169. Black children suffer disproportionately from asthma and are seven to eight times more likely to die of asthma than white children.

170. What would stop most of the protests would be the prosecution of the cops involved in the shootings.

171. Communities of color face nearly 40 percent more exposure to toxic air pollution than white communities due to housing discrimination and lax environmental protections.

172. Environmental racism continues to place minorities in close proximity to pollution and other environmental hazards.

173. It’s not necessarily that White men are getting opportunities over and above others; it’s that they are getting opportunities assumed to be normal, but denied to many others.

174. Based on your “I’ll stop responding” comment I’m guessing you’re feeling overwhelmed by all the information you’ve been given and need time to ruminate on it. I know having all these facts coming at you all at once is a lot to digest. No problem. Come back when you feel comfortable. Have a great night.

175. If All Live Matter why was the 1930’s Tuskegee syphilis experiments performed so scientists could study poor Blacks in Alabama by intentionally infecting them venereal disease? Or how come the Rockefeller Foundation paid Johns Hopkins Hospital to experiment with STD’s on the inmates, prostitutes and poor of Guatemala from 1945 to 1956?

176. As much as the country’s economy has grown since 1976, prosperity hasn’t been shared with people at the bottom.

177. Blacks have been living in economic poverty in this nation for over four hundred years. They are not welcome as Americans, but treated as a racial group that happens to be in the USA.

178. Black people in America are more prone to oppression. Systemic, home grown, calculated, wholesale oppression. Oppression may take the person who could’ve have been a great legal businessperson and turns him into a drug dealer. Takes the person who could’ve been a great salesperson and turns him into a con-man. Takes the person who could’ve been a lawyer and turns him into a hustler. Not to say that there aren’t black people who overcome their circumstances to make a legal way in this society but you lose 10 for every 1 that makes it to the promised land. Remove the oppression and the people will take advantage of the opportunity. The problem is, many white people are okay with oppression as long as you aren’t doing it to them. As long as they don’t get pulled over for nothing every other week, they are just fine with it. That’s white privilege. The things that don’t happen to you because you’re white and you don’t even know it.

179. Fobres reported in 2015, “The Typical White Household has 16 TIMES The Wealth of a Black One.”

180. The ultimate tragedy is not the oppression and cruelty by the bad people but the silence over that by the good people. ~ Martin Luther King, Jr.

181. People don’t want to hear the truth because they don’t want their illusions destroyed

182. If violence isn’t the answer why do cops keep using it?

183. May 31, 1921 the government aided and abetted a racial massacre that destroyed what was known as Tulsa, Oklahoma’s “Black Wall Street”. More than 35 blocks were destroyed, along with more than 1,200 homes, and some 300 people died, mostly Black. The National Guard was called out after the governor declared martial law, and imprisoned all Black people that were not already in jail.

184. The true threat to our society and all lives on this planet are White males with guns who have the law behind them.

185. Apartheid was legal ~ The Holocaust was legal ~ Slavery was legal ~ Colonialism was legal… Legality is a matter of power, not justice

186. Belt wearing isn’t the reason White children are educated in wealthier schools. Haircuts and etiquette classes don’t lead to the technological innovations. Lower incarceration rates aren’t because Whites use drugs less often. The wage gap isn’t caused by White men’s hard work ethic.”

187. “If only they’d pull their pants up.”
188. “If only they’d get an education.”
b. “If only they’d take responsibility”
c. If only Jordan Davis would’ve turned his music down
d. If only Trayvon Martin didn’t look suspicious
e. If only this man would have stayed at home
f. If only this young man would have accepted the fact that he couldn’t possibly afford to shop at this store
g. If only Dr. King was wearing a suit on that fateful day in 1968.
h. If only President Obama went to a prestigious school and earned advanced degrees, maybe then there
i. wouldn’t have been such an uproar and demand for him to produce his papers and prove that he was born in the United States. Oh wait…..
j. Ultimately, “respectability” will not save us.”

189. Jesse Williams ~ “Even with videotaped evidence of police destroying Black people, many freedom-loving Americans remain unconvinced of a systemic problem. Maybe some day the perfect tape will be released, one in which the dead or maimed African American has just the right wardrobe, complexion, size and diction to warrant empathy.”

190. The keys to “success” should not be rooted in anti-Blackness.

191. RE: All Lives Matter: …. They waited too long for a race war to really work….in areas it might fire up but
the bigger areas that shits all but dead. Example if shit did kick off who’s running Chicago a black lives matter protester? Bet not it will be the gangs and guess what this has been a discussion that’s been being had for years and years… Quite matter of fact it’s why Larry and David had a falling out…. Larry won and the new philosophy said colorblind all inclusive…. Don’t get me wrong the surface racism is very high at the moment, lots of tension but they hate needed to sustain a war is not there. This biggest tool to this date is having white people scared of blacks as much now as ever…that could give motivation I’d like not to account for but it exists,

192. Protests in the US are not nearly as effective as in other countries!! In Brazil for example they hiked the subway fair 10 cents and that sent 10’s of thousands to the streets and they shut down the government! No increase was done! In France the government wanted to start charging for college tuition! That was met with huge crowds and the government backed down! In those countries they presented a unified front, not here in the US!!! Protesters are met with military vehicles and assault weapons and jailed for non-infractions! Even reporters of these protests have been jailed with no cause whatsoever! Not to mention the government tracking of reporters and leaders of Black Lives Matter top leaders! It’s a systematic way of silencing the protesters and the reporters who cover these stories!

193. Racist song: Nigger love a watermelon HA! HA!

194. 56% of Whites say the race of a suspect makes no difference in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force. 41%, a plurality, of Whites also believes there is too much focus on race and racial issues. About seven in 10 whites expressed a great deal or fair amount of confidence in local police to treat blacks and whites equally.

195. Police don’t get to be “Individuals” when they wear the uniform & the badge to commit murders. They are part of a SYSTEM, not individuals. If they want to be seen as individuals, let them commit these crimes OUT of uniform & see how protected they are…

196. According to the most recent census data, there are nearly 160 million more White people in America than there are Black people. White people make up roughly 62 percent of the U.S. population but only about 49 percent of those who are killed by police officers. African Americans, however, account for 24 percent of those fatally shot and killed by the police despite being just 13 percent of the U.S. population. As The Post noted in a new analysis published last week which means black Americans are 2.5 times as likely as white Americans to be shot and killed by police officers.”

197. Imagine 100 people walking around of which 95 are white and 5 are black.10 whites vs 3 blacks are shot by the police and you’ll see what the conversation is about. The feeling that African Americans have is that they have a much higher chance at being shot at by police officers than Caucasians.

198. The Fraternal of Police is the single most adamant opposition to police accountability and reform. Instead of working with Black communities to address concerns they’re defending violent cops, blocking criminal justice reform, and promoting divisive Blue Lives Matter bills to mock the real pain…. blocking real solutions for police reform and undermining the justified demands of Black communities with their hateful rhetoric and policies like Blue Lives Matter laws.

199. Police love it when you don’t know your rights and hate it when you do.

200. Other nonsense includes less extreme examples of victim-blaming, such as sagging pants — as if not being mistreated by police should be predicated on fashion trends and otherwise being absolutely perfect and palatable to the mainstream dominant culture.

201. The core issue here is far too many people are being gunned down by police officers with impunity. When Black people kill Black people, they go to jail. When police kill Black people police officers get to go on paid vacations.

202. The police are getting exactly what they deserve. They started this whole shit storm with their wholesale murder of American Citizens, and now they will reap the rewards of their actions.

203. Know who else wears blue and red to symbolize their gangship? the bloods and the crypts, that’s who! and they’re officially a gang and here the cops are wearing blue stripes and now they’re red stripes,just like the, ahem, bloods and the crypts. Don’t tell me the pigs aren’t a gang.

204. The justice system continues to exhibit that Blacks lives do not matter.

205. Police are government-sponsored street gang whose only functions are 1) funnel people into an increasingly for-profit justice system, 2) extort funds beyond the scope of taxes and reasonable fines, and 3) force civilian

206. There is a long history in the United States of racist law enforcement practices and police mistreatment of minorities, specifically Indigenous/Native Americans, African Americans and Latinx.

207. The illusion one can fix a slave system by owning slaves.

208. It is really a White Privilege to be able to ignore race.

209. White people like me have the luxury of not paying attention to race — white or black. The reason is because whiteness is treated as the default in our society.

210. Whiteness is not a problem for white people, because it blends into the cultural background.

211. Mansa Musa (1280-1337) fourteenth century emperor of the Mali Empire was the richest Black man in history was worth $400 billion (in today’s currency), which, incredibly, places him as the No. 1 richest person in history, ahead of the Rothschild family ($350 billion), John D. Rockefeller ($340 billion) and Henry Ford ($199 billion).

212. Inclusion: “Who is including who? Who does this space belong to?” It sounds like an act of welcoming instead of everyone being on equal footing; on predominantly White spaces without having to relinquish White ownership of the space.

213. Flawed logic is driving Blue Lives Matter initiatives is the equation of a uniform with a skin color — only one of which you can take off. The police uniform is accorded unique authority, impunity and power. Black skin is marked with the opposite.”

214. Blue Lives Matter represents the uniform, a job and for some, a career. It’s a voluntarily sought-after job. Race is not something that people choose. It cannot be pulled off at the end of a shift.

215. It’s a universal Black anxiety that the precariousness of being Black and their position in the world, how no matter what you achieve you’re always worried you’re standing on a trapdoor that is going to open beneath you at some point.

216. “How skillful to tax the middle class to pay for the relief of the poor, building resentment on top of humiliation! How adroit to bus poor black youngsters into poor white neighborhoods, in a violent exchange of impoverished schools, while the schools of the rich remain untouched and the wealth of the nation, doled out carefully where children need free milk, is drained for billion-dollar aircraft carriers. How ingenious to meet the demands of blacks and women for equality by giving them small special benefits and setting them in competition with everyone else for jobs made scarce by an irrational, wasteful system. How wise to turn the fear and anger of the majority toward a class of criminals bred – by economic inequity – faster than they can be put away, deflecting” ~ Howard Zinn

217. BLM is interfering with people’s (your?) Lives? Kinda like how institutionalized racism, economic and educational oppression, a biased judicial system and police brutality interfere with POC’S lives, right? That must be pretty distracting, right?

218. By saying all lives matter, you do realize you’re only igniting separation and more hatred among races by devaluing Black lives and ignoring race in the USA , right?

219. The USA is really fortunate Blacks only want equality and not revenge

220. Stop attempting to derail the Black Live Matter Movement by throwing around Black on Black crime. People like you have used the phrase to describe interracial violence in Black neighborhood for decades and there a huge problem with that. It implies Black people are inherently violent and interracial violence in unique to Black people.

221. Studies show that every race commits the most crimes against its own race. 83% of White murders are committed by White people. 91% of Black murders are committed by Black people. The numbers aren’t far apart but we don’t use race to describe crimes committed by any other race. Proximity plays a big role in crime and American cities are very segregated.

222. The countries history of housing discrimination is one of the biggest reasons why interracial violence in a thing.

223. So while White people were granted to highly funded real-estate, Black people were funneled into redlined neighborhoods where many properties were economically abandoned. These practices continued for over 30 years contributing to unstable living conditions and a cycle of poverty in predominately Black neighborhoods, and research shows poverty and crimes are undeniably linked. So lets get things straight. There isn’t high crime in Black neighborhoods because Black people are more violent than anyone else, it is however because it’s largely a product of government-sanctioned racism in the land of the supposed free.

224. Racist and assimilationist policies are still alive on the agenda of the federal government. Federal apology aside, the healing will not begin in earnest until Black people, the church and state start operating with the same understandings. Moreover, should the outside world be allowed to set arbitrary healing times for a people who have been savaged and beaten for several hundred years? Is this realistic or fair? Rape and sodomy are not easily overcome by anyone, if ever.

225. The problem isn’t that we’re not talking about race; it’s that the majority of White people aren’t listening.

226. A full year before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed, more than 60 percent of white Americans polled believed that blacks were treated “the same as whites” in their communities. The assessment is, of course, ridiculous on its face. It suggests either ignorance of the facts or outright denial on the part of the respondents. It also suggests an inconvenient but persistent truth about race in America, that the majority of white Americans aren’t reliable sources on the subject.

227. “Black Lives Matter” an uncontroversial statement invisible to the majority of White people who are either blind to the facts of life in the US for people of color, or are bound by ideology to reject it.

228. We all know babies are blank canvases, they’re taught every single thing they know. People and society teach children to be racist, no one is preconditioned to hate because racism is a learned response. People aren’t born racist however we have been born into a racist society. You can learn racism and you can unlearn racism. But people like this choose not to unlearn it because they are afraid they will lose power.

229. Racism is mental illness as defined by the President’s Joint Council On Mental Health In Children in 1959 as being the number one mental health problem among children in the United States. If you judge people by the color of their skin, by the amount of extra melanin in their skin, you have a mental problem. You are not dealing well with reality.

230. Never trust anyone who says they do not see color. this means to them, you are invisible. ~ Nayyirah Waheed

231. “Blue Lives” don’t exist, period. Being a cop is an occupation and your employment choice doesn’t make your life more valuable than mine.

232. Anytime I hear a person say ‘Blue Lives Matter’ I walk away with a lower estimation of their critical thinking skills. They have clearly not thought through the logical implications of the statement.

233. ‘Blue Lives Matter’, seriously? Like people of color can take their skin off at the end of the day like a cop can take his uniform off at the end of the say. Do you realize how incredibly dumb you sound?

234. So what you’re saying is people who wear blue matter. Postal Workers, Air Force Uniforms, Snoop Dogg, Crips or the University of North Carolina?

235. So you’re saying the lives of people choosing to wear blue is the same as those whose histories and existential experiences are colored daily by the fact that they inhabit Black/Indigenous/Latinx bodies is about as dumb as it gets.

236. Yes ‘Blue Lives Matter’, for example the Fugates, a family who lived in the hills of Kentucky, commonly known as the “Blue Fugates” or the Blue People of Kentucky, are notable for having been carriers of a genetic trait leading to the disease methemoglobinemia, which gives sufferers blue-tinged skin.

237. ‘Blue Lives Matter’ don’t matter as there’s nothing about working in law enforcement which is pre-determined in their DNA. It is a job, an occupation one does for 40 hours a week for only a portion of one’s life; nothing more, nothing less. One makes the decision to pursue it. One makes the decision to join the force, quit or to retire. And when one takes off the uniform and walks around town, there is no outward symbol of their career.

238. Don’t pretend the “Blue Lives Matter” movement isn’t about race. It is about race — it’s about a criminal justice system which has replaced Jim Crow. Figuring out how to dismantle the a criminal justice system is what should really matter.

239. Blue Lives do not deserve to be shielded from accountability protected from the abuses of state sanctioned power. Blue Lives need to be accountable for abusing the power granted to them by their sworn oath to protect and serve.

240. We don’t need a “Blue Lives Matter” movement ,the fact has already been established as White Supremacy.

241. It’s much easier to say the Civil War was about money when your ancestors weren’t the currency.

242. Part of racism is who is included and who is excluded, socially, economically and historically.

243. The suffering and death of Black’s have long been seen as a spectacle. If anything, video cameras have become an extension of the crowds which used to surround lynching victims. Then as now, even when deaths take place in public, for all to see, it doesn’t save us or persuade a jury to convict the killer.

244. Trump Jr., at almost 40, is accepted as a “kid”, yet a 12yo Black boy is considered an adult when it comes to prosecution and targeting by the criminal justice system.

245. Resistance to racism is an important feature of systemic racism and has never been passively accepted by those who suffer it, so systemic racism is always accompanied by acts of resistance manifesting as protest, political campaigns, legal battles, resisting “White Authority Figures”, speaking back against racist stereotypes, beliefs, and language. The White backlash typically following resistance, i.e. countering “Black Lives Matter” with “all lives matter” or “blue lives matter,” does the work of limiting the effects of resistance and maintaining a racist system.

246. The person who murdered those 5 officers was NOT a Black Lives Matter Supporter and NOT part of their protest. Johnson attempted to join a black-power group called the Collective Black People’s Movement however he was judged too unstable to join so he was “blacklisted” according to Malik Shabazz of the New Black Panther Party. Johnson was more like John Salvi or John Hinkley, a lunatic in search of a banner. Authorities found “bomb-making materials, ballistic vests, rifles, ammunition, and a personal journal of combat tactics” in the Army veteran’s apartment, evidence suggesting the killings might have been only one part of Johnson’s violent plans. Johnson left the Army “under a cloud of sexual harassment charges made by a fellow soldier who sought an order of protection against him and said, “he needed mental health counseling”.

247. The Hawks Nest Tunnel Disaster Appalachia W. Virginia 1930’s. Thousands of workers dug through silica-laden rock while building a tunnel to divert the New River to generate power for an industrial plant downriver. In the months and years that followed, at least 5,000 men who worked on the project, an estimated 2,900 worked inside the tunnel. Of these men, silicosis claimed the lives of at least 764 workers, and likely far more, died due to silicosis, a lung disease caused by inhaling silica dust. The tunnel was poorly ventilated; men drilled without using safety equipment such as masks or water to tamp down the dust; and the contractor burned through the labor force, sending many of the workers home, or to their grave, after working less than two months. With the death of so many Black workers, the problem of where to bury them became an issue. There were no burial sites nearby for Black workers so to solve the issue, a funeral parlor in Summersville, West Virginia located in an open field on Martha White’s farm were buried in unmarked graves after dying from the so-called “tunnelitis.”

248. In 2009, almost 150 years after the start of the Civil War the Senate and Congress apologized for slavery. However, a disclaimer tacked on at the end said “Nothing in this resolution (A) authorizes or supports any claim against the United States or (B) serves as a settlement of any claim against the United States.” In other words the resolution can’t be used to support legal claims against the U.S. by those seeking reparations, or cash compensation for the suffering endured by Blacks.

249. Shouldn’t Independence Day be the day everybody was free?

250. Black Lives Matter is fighting for Daniel Shaver, a White man killed by a White cop, while the All Lives Matter crowd is defending the cop . Shows you who really believes that all lives matter, and who just wants to defend privilege and police brutality.

251. RED LINING In the 1930’s the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) came up with red lining. Redlining is a real estate rating system literally separated neighborhoods by race. Neighborhoods marked in green were predominately White neighborhoods, and neighborhoods where Black people lived were marked in red. Redlining limited Black peoples access to mortgages and new housing developments. The FHA decided redlined areas were socially and economically unstable because of the people who lived there.

252. RED LINING Many Whites didn’t do anything wrong but they do need to recognize the wealth and ability to buy into the best neighborhoods came at the expense of the Black and Latino neighbors.

253. RED LINING The country’s history of housing discrimination is one of the biggest reasons why interracial violence in a thing. In the 1930’s the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) came up with red lining. Redlining is a real estate rating system literally separati neighborhoods by race. Neighborhoods marked in green were predominately White neighborhoods, and neighborhoods where Black people lived were marked in red. Redlining limited Black peoples access to mortgages and new housing developments. The FHA decided redlined areas were socially and economically unstable because of the people who lived there.

254. RED LINING Wealth is a measure of cumulative advantage or disadvantage and the fact Black and Hispanic wealth is a fraction of White wealth also reflects a history of discrimination. Whites have historically had more opportunities to accumulate wealth. Some of the institutions of wealth creation amongst US citizens were open exclusively to Whites and a lot of the wealth was due to Red Lining. Similar differentials applied to the Social Security Act. Which excluded agricultural and domestic workers, sectors then later included most Black workers, rewards to military officers, and the educational benefits offered to returning soldiers after World War II.

255. RED LINING Why is the rate of violence actually higher among poor, urban Whites? Why don’t we ever discuss the economic impact of redlining and segregation on rates of violence? If we are going to discuss the number of Black people killed by Blacks, should we discuss the number of White people murdered, raped and assaulted by fellow Whites? Will this conversation include a debate about how Blacks are arrested, incarcerated and sentenced for longer periods than Whites for committing the same crimes? Are you willing to detour into a brief explanation of why schools with large percentages of Blacks are underfunded even though they have the same tax base and incomes? Do you have time to talk about the wage gap? Unemployment disparities? All of these factors contribute to crime rates. So if you want to have a conversation about Black-on-Black crime, you should be careful, because, like most conversations about race, will end up back in the same place: White Supremacy.

256. RED LINING Democrats and Republicans, worked to appease a White Supremacist majority often sharing their assumptions continued into the 1960s, and have never stopped. Public housing projects, for instance, were placed in segregated, depressed neighborhoods as a compromise with conservatives who opposed them outright. This, in turn, ensured concentrated poverty and all its attendant problems, as well as bad schools and poor public services. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 was meant to tackle all of this. Even after more than a half century it’s not hard to see how we got here from there: When you prevent a whole class of people from building wealth, accessing capital, or leaving impoverished areas, you guarantee cultural dysfunction and deep, generational poverty. When it comes to inner-city poverty, in was built into the system that way.

257. RED LINING Why is the rate of violence actually higher among poor, urban Whites? Why don’t we ever discuss the economic impact of redlining and segregation on rates of violence? If we are going to discuss the number of Black people killed by Blacks, should we discuss the number of White people murdered, raped and assaulted by fellow Whites? Will this conversation include a debate about how Blacks are arrested, incarcerated and sentenced for longer periods than Whites for committing the same crimes? Are you willing to detour into a brief explanation of why schools with large percentages of Blacks are underfunded even though they have the same tax base and incomes? Do you have time to talk about the wage gap? Unemployment disparities? All of these factors contribute to crime rates. So if you want to have a conversation about Black-on-Black crime, you should be careful, because, like most conversations about race, will end up back in the same place: White Supremacy.

258. RED LINING Why are so many more Blacks poor?…There is a definitive answer. Either the Black people who worked for free to build this country, and on whose knowledge all Western mathematics, astronomy and science rest, are genetically lazier and dumber, or, alternatively, the result of systemic discrimination in financing, unequal employment, disparities in home lending, redlining, segregation in education, and the fact every law, opportunity and constitutional right was not available to Black people until 50 years ago.

259. RED LINING Americans are taught to respect symbols and not actual actions or substance of the symbol itself, for example; standing erect in front of a flag and a song means more to some people than actually making sure the rules and values people claim to respect are not being even remotely adhered to. In fact the flag and song has historically not represented people of color. After WW1 Black soldiers would return home only to be lynched for being too “uppity” in their uniform. After WW2 Black and Native soldiers would be left out of the new deal as well as an opportunity to go to most schools via the GI bill or qualify for FHA loans or even if they surpassed those hurtles they’d still be left out of neighborhoods due to redlining, having to ride in the back of the bus behind the very NAZI soldiers they captured. They couldn’t even eat at diners even in full uniform……. Fast forward to mass incarceration 100 to 1 crack vs. powder and the fact that 1/3 Black men will be criminalized in their lifetimes making them the highest of any ethnic group ever been recorded in the history of civilizations.

260. RED LINING Amerikkka’s historical practices created a social system of racist economic inequality built right into its foundation, followed through years of practice by “redlining” preventing POC from buying homes while protecting and managing the family wealth of White people.

261. RED LINING The government’s Redlining efforts were “primarily designed to provide housing to White, middle-class, lower-middle-class families and People of Color were left out of the new suburban communities, instead pushed into urban housing projects. The FHA was subsidizing builders who were mass-producing entire subdivisions for Whites with the requirement that none of the homes be sold to African-Americans. Decades-old housing policies have had a lasting effect on American society. “The segregation of our metropolitan areas today leads … to stagnant inequality, because families are much less able to be upwardly mobile when they’re living in segregated neighborhoods where opportunity is absent

262. RED LINING To understand the depth of the racism of these regulations, you have to read the descriptions of the grades that FHA gave to neighborhoods from A (green) to D (red). Redlining forced Blacks into particular areas and then starved those areas of affordable capital. Combined with widespread job discrimination barring People of Color from public employment and forced them into low-wage labor, thereby having neighborhoods impoverished by design. The Federal Housing Administration’s justification was that if African-Americans bought homes in these suburbs, or even if they bought homes near these suburbs, the property values of the homes they were insuring, the white homes they were insuring, would decline. And therefore their loans would be at risk. The Fair Housing Act made discrimination in housing illegal in 1968 however People of Color missed out on decades of growth in the housing markets and much of the next generation missed out on that wealth building in the 20 years it took to fully implement the law.

263. RED LINING The Underwriting Manual of the Federal Housing Administration, stated “incompatible racial groups should not be permitted to live in the same communities.” Meaning that loans to African-Americans could not be insured.

264. RED LINING The FHA would not go ahead, during World War II with developments unless the developer built a 6-foot-high wall, cement wall, separating his development from nearby African-American neighborhoods to make sure no African-Americans could even walk into White neighborhoods.

265. RED LINING The Underwriting Manual of the Federal Housing Administration recommended highways were a good way to separate African-American from White neighborhoods. This was not a matter of law, however it was a matter of government regulation, even though it wasn’t hidden, therefore it couldn’t be claimed this was some kind of “de facto” situation. Regulations written in law and published in i.e. the Underwriting Manual are as much a de jure unconstitutional expression of government policy as something actually written into law.

266. RED LINING Today African-American incomes on average are about 60 percent of average white incomes. But African-American wealth is about 5 percent of white wealth. Most middle-class families in this country gain their wealth from the equity they have in their homes. So this enormous difference between a 60 percent income ratio and a 5 percent wealth ratio is almost entirely attributable to federal housing policy implemented through the 20th century.

267. RED LINING African-American families which were prohibited from buying homes in the suburbs in the 1940s, ’50s and even into the ’60’s by the Federal Housing Administration gained none of the equity appreciation that Whites gained even though they were equally able to afford those homes, but were prohibited from buying them. Today those homes sell for $300,000 – $400,000 at the minimum, six, eight times national median income.

268. RED LINING In 1968 when the Fair Housing Act was passed, in effect it was “OK, African-Americans, you’re now free to buy these homes’’, it’s an empty promise because those homes were no longer affordable to the families who could’ve afforded them when Whites were buying into those suburbs, gaining the equity and wealth which followed from that. White families sent their children to college with their home equities; they were able to take care of their parents in old age and not depend on their children. They’re able to bequeath wealth to their children. None of those advantages accrued to African-Americans, who for the most part were prohibited from buying homes in those suburbs.

269. RED LINING You’re talking about INDIVIDUAL SUCCESS, while your opposites are speaking on COMMUNITY SUCCESS. INDIVIDUALS can rise out of these economic troubles, but how do you pull up entire COMMUNITIES without wiping out or displacing the families that are already there?

270. RED LINING Redlining, economic discrimination, and racism built these communities by making it difficult to move or AND to improve within them. The funding and organization of local schools, the type of jobs available, the people who hire for those jobs discriminating on every factor they could legally get away with. All of these set up these communities for decades of difficulty you still see today.

271. RED LINING The Brookings Institute report is accurate but the conclusions many people draw from it are not. There is a gap between “impoverished” and “middle class”, the working poor, that is often omitted because it of regional and statistical differences. When Adam group talks about “poor” in urban neighborhoods, they are talking about people who earn JUST above the minimum wage, which would make them not in poverty according to federal definitions, but below what they need live in their area and too low on funds to realistically move anywhere else. And the availability and quality of jobs decreases as you leave urban areas.

272. RED LINING The free market penalizes those who have less and therefore can afford less. That is integral to the system, that is part and parcel of it. The fact that redlining, discriminatory housing practices, and limited job opportunities put people of color into the position of having less is precisely why it is so difficult for them to advance in our free-market driven economy. They can afford less–fewer educational opportunities, lower quality housing, less healthy food, lower quality of life in general. All of which white people can and do also experience, but without the weight of historical oppression behind them. High quality resources are finite, and in a free market they go to those who can afford. Do you really think 50 years is such a long time? For an entire system with centuriess of history to dissipate? Do the white nationalist rallies happening in 2017 not hint that perhaps the attitudes implicit in these systems are not gone?

273. RED LINING It was the established laws and regulations that allowed the majority of the wealth to remain in mostly suburban neighborhoods; after a few generations it has provided an advantage towards their white offspring to have better credit, thus buying better housing, cars and education.

a. Public housing began for civilians during the New Deal in an attempt to address a housing shortage; it wasn’t a welfare program for poor people. During the Depression, no housing construction was going on. Middle-class families, working-class families were losing their homes when they became unemployed and so there were many unemployed middle-class, working-class White families and this was the constituency the federal government was most interested in so they began a program of building public housing for “Whites Only” in cities across the country. The liberal instinct of some Roosevelt administration officials led them to build some projects for African-Americans as well, but they were always separate projects; they were not integrated.

i. The White projects had large numbers of vacancies; Black projects had long waiting lists. Eventually it became so conspicuous the public housing authorities opened up the White-designated projects to African-Americans. At the same time, industry was leaving the cities, African-Americans were becoming poorer in those areas and the projects became projects for poor people, not for working-class people so they became subsidized when they hadn’t been subsidized before, therefore becoming vertical slums which we associate with public housing.

ii. Vacancies in White projects were created primarily by the Federal Housing Administration program to suburbanize mass production builders to create subdivisions which were “White-Only” subsidizing the families living in the “White Housing Projects” as well as Whites who were living elsewhere in the central city to move into these “White-Only Suburbs”. So it was the Federal Housing Administration who depopulated public housing of White families, while the public housing authorities were charged with the responsibility of housing African-Americans who were increasingly too poor to pay the full cost of their rent.