Honey Bee Sting

Kristeen Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Bee

I always seem to get stung while in the pool without even realizing there’s been a bee on me! Ouch, right on the muscle AGAIN!!!

Honey bees are the only species of bees to die after stinging. When a honey bee stings a person, it cannot pull the barbed stinger back out. It leaves behind not only the stinger, but also part of its abdomen and digestive tract, plus muscles and nerves. This massive abdominal rupture kills the honey bee.

The larger drone bees, the males, do not have stingers. The female worker bees are the only ones that can sting, and their stinger is a modified ovipositor (a tubular organ through which a female insect or fish deposits eggs).

The stinger consists of three parts: a stylus and two barbed slides (or lancets), one on either side of the stylus. The bee does not push the sting in but it is drawn in by the barbed slides. The slides move alternately up and down the stylus so when the barb of one slide has caught and retracts, it pulls the stylus and the other barbed slide into the wound. When the other barb has caught, it also retracts up the stylus pulling the sting further in. This process is repeated until the sting is fully in and even continues after the sting and its mechanism is detached from the bee’s abdomen; it can’t pull the stinger back out. It leaves behind not only the stinger but also part of its digestive tract, plus muscles and nerves. This massive abdominal rupture is what kills the bee.

But there’s an advantage for the bees in this. Even after you swat the bee away, a cluster of nerve cells coordinates the muscles of the stinger left behind. The barbed shafts rub back and forth, digging deeper into your skin. Muscular valves pump toxins from an attached venom sac, and deliver it to the wound – for several minutes after the bee is gone.

The sting’s injection of apitoxin (a bitter colorless liquid; its active portion a mixture of proteins, which causes local inflammation and acts as an anticoagulant) A honeybee can inject 0.1 mg of venom via its stinger into the victim and is accompanied by the release of alarm pheromones from a gland near the sting chamber, a process which is accelerated if the bee is fatally injured. When a bee stings you, it gives off a mixture of alarm pheromones. Release of alarm pheromones may attract other bees to the location, where they will likewise exhibit defensive behaviors and excite the other bees, who will open their mandibles, protrude their stingers, and sting anything that moves close to them until there is no longer a threat, typically because the victim has either fled or been killed.

These pheromones do not dissipate or wash off quickly, and if their target enters water, bees will resume their attack as soon as it leaves the water. The alarm pheromone emitted when a bee stings another animal smells like bananas.

The process of leaving behind a body part as a form of defense – in this case, part of the abdomen – is called autotomy (the casting off of a part of the body).

Bee Therapy | National Geographic

Now you know climate change is a Fucking hoax because Monsanto wants to protect the bees from it.

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